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The Economics of Clusters: Lessons from the French Experience

Gilles Duranton, Philippe Martin, Thierry Mayer, and Florian Mayneris

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199592203
eISBN:
9780191595615
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592203.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Microeconomics

Cluster policies have become very popular among policy makers over the last thirty years. However, the mechanisms at work behind cluster dynamics, the gains that can be expected from more clustering, ... More


Cluster Genesis: Technology-Based Industrial Development

Pontus Braunerhjelm and Maryann P. Feldman (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207183
eISBN:
9780191708886
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207183.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This book examines the origins and emergence of technology-based industrial clusters — regional concentrations of related firms and organizations — in order to understand the forces that promoted ... More


Clusters and Clustering: Stylized Facts, Issues, and Theories

Luigi Orsenigo

in Cluster Genesis: Technology-Based Industrial Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207183
eISBN:
9780191708886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207183.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter presents a survey of factors associated with the crafting of new innovative high-technology clusters. The evidence strongly supports the view that there are strong agglomeration forces ... More


The Biotechnology Industry in Norway: A Marginal Sector or Future Core Activity?

Terje Grønning

in Innovation, Path Dependency, and Policy: The Norwegian Case

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199551552
eISBN:
9780191720819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551552.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, Innovation

The prevalence of successful biotechnology firms has long been associated with the existence of national or regional agglomerations of the biotechnology firms themselves and partners such as large ... More


 Where Multinational Corporations Invest and Don't Invest and Why

Stephen D. Cohen

in Multinational Corporations and Foreign Direct Investment: Avoiding Simplicity, Embracing Complexity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195179354
eISBN:
9780199783779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179354.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Because not even the largest MNC can afford to invest in every country, an important phase of the FDI cycle is the process by which a country chooses where to establish its foreign subsidiaries. The ... More


Location Decisions of Firms and Social Interactions

Yannis M. Ioannides

in From Neighborhoods to Nations: The Economics of Social Interactions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691126852
eISBN:
9781400845385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691126852.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the impact of social interactions on firms' location decisions, focusing on the effects of proximity to other firms, the size of the total urban economy, the availability of a ... More


The Software Cluster in Bangalore

V. N. Balasubramanyam and Ahalya Balasubramanyam

in Regions, Globalization, and the Knowledge-Based Economy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250011
eISBN:
9780191596216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250014.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The software cluster in Bangalore, South India, represents in a microcosm several of the developments associated with globalization identified in Ch. 1. It is a knowledge‐oriented or ... More


The Geographic Foundations of Industrial Performance *

Allen J. Scott

in The Dynamic Firm: The Role of Technology, Strategy, Organization, and Regions

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296041
eISBN:
9780191596070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296045.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Takes a broader and more conceptual approach to the effect of the local environment on firm performance than that taken by Fujita and Ishii in the previous chapter. The firm is treated as a player in ... More


Social and Economic Impact of SEZs in India

Aradhna Aggarwal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077275
eISBN:
9780199081035
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077275.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book is a systematic analysis of the special economic zone (SEZ) programme in India. The book highlights the critical importance not just of investment in SEZs but also of investment in the ... More


Theoretical Perspectives: Towards a Better Understanding of the SEZ Impact

Aradhna Aggarwal

in Social and Economic Impact of SEZs in India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077275
eISBN:
9780199081035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077275.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter critically examines the theoretical propositions that seek to explain the rationale and economic impact of special economic zones (SEZs) in developing countries and argues that the ... More


Evolutionary Processes and Regional Practices

Philip Cooke and Kevin Morgan

in The Associational Economy: Firms, Regions, and Innovation

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198290186
eISBN:
9780191684784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290186.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Political Economy

This chapter seeks both to chart the evolutionary processes of economic restructuring and change at the regional level and to offer the outline of a mode of civic, political, and economic action ... More


The Regional Foundations of Economic Performance

Allen J. Scott

in Regions and the World Economy: The Coming Shape of Global Production, Competition, and Political Order

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296584
eISBN:
9780191685255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296584.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Political Economy

To further understand the network of regional economies, this chapter explains economic ‘performance’ through looking into growth and development manifested in variables such as productivity, ... More


The Motor of Divergence: High-Wage or Low-Wage Specialization

Michael Storper, Thomas Kemeny, Naji Philip Makarem, and Taner Osman

in The Rise and Fall of Urban Economies: Lessons from San Francisco and Los Angeles

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780804789400
eISBN:
9780804796026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804789400.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

The specialization of urban regions in different tradable industries is the source of significant differences in wages and income levels. Los Angeles was more specialized than San Francisco in 1970 ... More


Diffusion

Robert J. Bennett

in Local Business Voice: The History of Chambers of Commerce in Britain, Ireland, and Revolutionary America, 1760-2011

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199584734
eISBN:
9780191731105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584734.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

Chambers were initially small in number and focused in the main ports. This was explained by their political weight, experience of lobbying for private Bills for infrastructure development ... More


Urban Systems and Spatial Competition

Roger White, Guy Engelen, and Inge Uljee

in Modeling Cities and Regions As Complex Systems: From Theory to Planning Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029568
eISBN:
9780262331371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029568.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The structure of a system of retail centres as described by their size, composition, and location, is a result of competition among the centres for customers. The evolution of the system is described ... More


The Map of the Global Stock Market Redrawn: Stock Market Centres and their Future

Dariusz Wójcik

in The Global Stock Market: Issuers, Investors, and Intermediaries in an Uneven World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199592180
eISBN:
9780191729089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592180.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Chapter 8 summarizes the argument of the book, proposing a theory of stock market centres, understood as concentrations of stock market intermediaries, investors, and issuers' headquarters, operating ... More


Entrepreneurship in World Cities

Zoltan Acs, Niels Bosma, and Rolf Sternberg

in The Dynamics of Entrepreneurship: Evidence from Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Data

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580866
eISBN:
9780191728716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580866.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Entrepreneurs are of key importance in translating creativity into economic output. Consequently the urban dimension of entrepreneurship is a subject of great interest. This chapter sets out a ... More


Agglomeration Index: Towards a New Measure of Urban Concentration

Hirotsugu Uchida and Andrew Nelson

in Urbanization and Development: Multidisciplinary Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590148
eISBN:
9780191595493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590148.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

The United Nations (UN) compiles information on urbanization (urban population and its share of total national population) that is reported by various countries. But there is no standardized ... More


Evolving City Systems

Henry G. Overman and Anthony J. Venables

in Urbanization and Development: Multidisciplinary Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590148
eISBN:
9780191595493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590148.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Public and Welfare

This chapter reviews the literature on the forces driving urbanization in developing countries. It presents a model outlining how globalization can lead to the evolution of an urban structure which ... More


Commonsense Consequentialism

Douglas W. Portmore

in Commonsense Consequentialism: Wherein Morality Meets Rationality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794539
eISBN:
9780199919260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794539.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter argues that the best version of act-utilitarianism (as well as the best version of consequentialism) will: (1) evaluate sets of actions and not just individual actions, (2) presuppose ... More


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