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In Praise of Blame

George Sher

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195187427
eISBN:
9780199786596
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187423.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Blame is an unpopular and neglected notion: it goes against the grain of a therapeutically oriented culture and has been far less discussed by philosophers than such related notions as responsibility ... More


Self-Knowing Agents

Lucy O'Brien

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199261482
eISBN:
9780191718632
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261482.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book argues that a satisfactory account of first-person reference and self-knowledge needs to concentrate on our nature as agents. It considers two main questions. First, what account of ... More


The aetiology of SARS: Koch's postulates fulfilled

Albert D. M. E. Osterhaus, Ron A. M. Fouchier, and Thijs Kuiken

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter describes the experimental studies demonstrating that the virus SARS-CoV is the aetiological agent of the disease SARS. Clinical and post-mortem specimens from 436 SARS patients in six ... More


Slaves of the Passions

Mark Schroeder

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199299508
eISBN:
9780191714917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299508.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Long claimed to be the ‘dominant conception of practical reason’, the Humean theory that reasons for action are instrumental, or explained by desires, is the basis for a range of worries about the ... More


Personal Agency: The Metaphysics of Mind and Action

E. J. Lowe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199217144
eISBN:
9780191712418
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217144.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book has two Parts. Part I prepares the ground for this theory of rational free action by seeking to undermine the threat that physicalism presents to it. This it does this by challenging the ... More


EPILOGUE—(RO)BOT MINDS AND HUMAN ETHICS

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The richness of human moral decision making is underscored by the project of developing an artificial moral agent. This brief epilogue discusses how the project of designing artificial moral agents ... More


Strategic Interaction and Markets

Jean J. Gabszewicz

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198233411
eISBN:
9780191596292
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198233418.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Perfect competition provides a model of a frictionless economy in which economic agents behave independently of each other, abandoning to the market the task of coordinating their individual ... More


Agency‐Type Public Service Bargains

Christopher Hood and Martin Lodge

in The Politics of Public Service Bargains: Reward, Competency, Loyalty - and Blame

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199269679
eISBN:
9780191604096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926967X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses the way in which ‘agency’ bargains need to be understood in their rather specific meaning under the law of agency. It then discusses under what circumstances democratic ... More


Conclusion

Christopher Hood and Martin Lodge

in The Politics of Public Service Bargains: Reward, Competency, Loyalty - and Blame

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199269679
eISBN:
9780191604096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926967X.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter first shows what contribution a Public Service Bargain (PSB) perspective can make to the understanding of executive government. It claims that such a perspective can aid comparison, can ... More


Separability and Aggregation: The Collected Works of W. M. Gorman, Volume I

W. M. Gorman

C. Blackorby and A. F. Shorrocks (eds)

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198285212
eISBN:
9780191596322
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198285213.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

W. M. (Terence) Gorman has been a major figure in the development of economics during the past 40 years. His publications on separability, aggregation, duality, and the modelling of consumer demand ... More


Legislating for a Realm of Ends: The Social Dimension of Autonomy

Andrews Reath

in Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288830
eISBN:
9780191603648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288836.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter uses the connection between Kant's conception of autonomy and his concept of a realm of ends to explore a number of issues about the nature of autonomy. It begins by developing some ... More


Rationality Writ Large

Paul Weirich

in Collective Rationality: Equilibrium in Cooperative Games

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195388381
eISBN:
9780199866700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388381.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

A committee's passing a resolution may be rational or irrational. Groups of people perform acts that are evaluable for rationality. This observation raises two philosophical questions: What makes a ... More


Agents Up Close

Michael J. North and Charles M. Macal

in Managing Business Complexity: Discovering Strategic Solutions with Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172119
eISBN:
9780199789894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172119.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter details approaches to implementing agents that range in sophistication from proto-agents on up to nested subagents. The implementation techniques that are discussed include statistical ... More


Special Agents: Children's Autonomy and Parental Authority

Robert Noggle

in The Moral and Political Status of Children

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242689
eISBN:
9780191598715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242682.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Cognitive incompetence cannot adequately explain the special character of children's moral status. It is, in fact, because children lack preference structures that are sufficiently stable over time ... More


Agent_Zero: Toward Neurocognitive Foundations for Generative Social Science

Joshua M. Epstein

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158884
eISBN:
9781400848256
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158884.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This book introduces a new theoretical entity: Agent_Zero. This software individual, or “agent,” is endowed with distinct emotional/affective, cognitive/deliberative, and social modules. Grounded in ... More


 Applications

George J. Mailath and Larry Samuelson

in Repeated Games and Reputations: Long-Run Relationships

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300796
eISBN:
9780199783700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300796.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter illustrates how the theory of repeated games with imperfect public monitoring can be used in economic applications. It examines collusion in oligopoly with imperfectly monitored demand, ... More


Morality and Moral Theory: A Reappraisal and Reaffirmation

Robert B. Louden

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195072921
eISBN:
9780199852925
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072921.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Contemporary philosophers have grown increasingly sceptical toward both morality and moral theory. Some argue that moral theory is a radically misguided enterprise which does not illuminate moral ... More


Thinking about Acting: Logical Foundations for Rational Decision Making

John L. Pollock

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195304817
eISBN:
9780199850907
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304817.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book aims to construct a theory of rational decision making for real agents—not ideal agents. Real agents have limited cognitive powers, but traditional theories of rationality have applied only ... More


Formal Approaches

Joseph E. Stiglitz, José Antonio Ocampo, Shari Spiegel, Ricardo Ffrench-Davis, and Deepak Nayyar

in Stability with Growth: Macroeconomics, Liberalization and Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199288144
eISBN:
9780191603884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288143.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses advances in formal economic theory by examining how different positions among economists arise from their different assumptions and models. The discussion focuses on ways in ... More


Action and its Explanation

David-Hillel Ruben

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235880
eISBN:
9780191679155
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235880.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This book pursues some novel and unusual standpoints in the philosophy of action. It rejects, for example, the most widely held view about how to count actions, and argues for what it calls a ... More


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