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Williams on Ought

John Broome

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter interprets and assesses Williams's ‘“Ought” and moral obligation’, together with a later unpublished lecture of his on ‘ought’. It describes a notion of ownership for oughts. For ... More


Deontology

David McNaughton and Piers Rawling

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter proposes a novel form of deontology that, while it contrasts with consequentialism in defending duties of special relationship and options, is allied with consequentialism in denying ... More


Consequentialism: An Introduction

Joseph Raz

in The Morality of Freedom

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248071
eISBN:
9780191598289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248075.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Against Rawls's ‘separateness of persons’ objection to consequentialism, it can be replied that consequentialism does take into account differing personal viewpoints in legitimating trade‐offs ... More


Happiness as Eudaimonia

Daniel C. Russell

in Happiness for Humans

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583683
eISBN:
9780191745713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583683.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that eudaimonia provides an excellent basis for thinking about happiness. It compares ancient and modern concepts of happiness, arguing that the Greek concept of eudaimonia is one ... More


Defending the Means Principle

Victor Tadros

in The Ends of Harm: The Moral Foundations of Criminal Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199554423
eISBN:
9780191731341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554423.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

One central objection to general deterrence as a justification of punishment is that it is wrong to harm offenders as a means to the greater good. This requires us to evaluate the principle that it ... More


The paradox of deontology, revisited

Ulrike Heuer

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 1

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693269
eISBN:
9780191732058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693269.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Ordinary morality tells us that we ought (not) to act in certain ways at all. Killing an innocent person would be wrong even if it led to preventing the death of several others. This seems puzzling, ... More


Objectivism I: Being Attracted, Meriting Attraction, and Promoting Consequences

Thaddeus Metz

in Meaning in Life

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199599318
eISBN:
9780191747632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599318.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 10 begins the search for the best version of objective naturalism, the view that purely physical ways of living can be meaningful, and not merely because they are the object of propositional ... More


Humean Non-Consequentialist Ends

Michael B. Gill

in Humean Moral Pluralism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198714033
eISBN:
9780191782480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714033.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many have claimed that sentimentalists in general and Hume in particular cannot accommodate the non-consequentialist aspects of our moral thinking. This criticism can be found in thinkers such as ... More


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