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The Search for Knowledge‐Based Resolution: Science and Scientific Assessment, 1976–1985

Edward A. Parson

in Protecting the Ozone Layer: Science and Strategy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155495
eISBN:
9780199833955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155491.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The major lines of scientific debate, research progress, and controversy over stratospheric ozone depletion from the mid 1970s to the mid 1980s are examined. Begins with the initial qualitative ... More


SOLAR RADIATION TRANSFER IN THE ATMOSPHERE

I. M. Vardavas and F. W. Taylor

in Radiation and Climate

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199227471
eISBN:
9780191711138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227471.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter examines the transfer of solar radiation within the Earth's atmosphere and at the surface. The main processes discussed are molecular absorption in the ultraviolet-visible and ... More


ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICS AND THERMODYNAMICS

I. M. Vardavas and F. W. Taylor

in Radiation and Climate

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199227471
eISBN:
9780191711138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227471.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter discusses the main components of the atmosphere and the trace gases that are significant for the greenhouse effect. The most important of these is water vapour, and hence the basic ... More


THE EARTH'S RADIATION BUDGET

I. M. Vardavas and F. W. Taylor

in Radiation and Climate

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199227471
eISBN:
9780191711138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227471.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

The Earth's radiation budget is examined in detail, beginning with the model input data requirements to generate the radiation fluxes. Requirements for satellite and ground-based validation data, ... More


Climatologies of Cloud-related Aerosols

in Clouds in the Perturbed Climate System: Their Relationship to Energy Balance, Atmospheric Dynamics, and Precipitation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012874
eISBN:
9780262255448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012874.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter addresses the potential impacts of aerosols on climate and clouds. It first examines aerosol properties such as particle amount, size, composition, and shape, followed by a discussion on ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


Cloud Particle Precursors

Sonia M. Kreidenweis, Markus D. Petters, and Patrick Y. Chuang

in Clouds in the Perturbed Climate System: Their Relationship to Energy Balance, Atmospheric Dynamics, and Precipitation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012874
eISBN:
9780262255448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012874.003.0013
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses the characteristic parameters of cloud particle precursors and the sensitivities of warm (liquid) and cold (mixed-phase and ice) cloud formation relevant to particle ... More


Do No Evil, See No Evil

Jeanne Guillemin

in Anthrax: The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520222045
eISBN:
9780520927100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222045.003.0022
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter discusses the start of the anthrax outbreak from the viewpoint of a military officer, first studying the huge reformations of the Yeltsin era and the equally large turnover in military ... More


Cloud-controlling Factors of Cirrus

Bernd Kärcher and Peter Spichtinger

in Clouds in the Perturbed Climate System: Their Relationship to Energy Balance, Atmospheric Dynamics, and Precipitation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012874
eISBN:
9780262255448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012874.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses the factors that control cirrus clouds, which include small- and large-scale atmospheric dynamics, ice nucleation behavior of aerosol particles, and interaction with ... More


Cloud–Aerosol Interactions from the Micro to the Cloud Scale

Graham Feingold and Holger Siebert

in Clouds in the Perturbed Climate System: Their Relationship to Energy Balance, Atmospheric Dynamics, and Precipitation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012874
eISBN:
9780262255448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012874.003.0014
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter describes the microphysical interaction of aerosols and cloud processes from the micro to the cloud scale. Aerosol particles affect cloud dynamics by changing their droplet size ... More


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