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Tilling the Soil: The Groundwork for Parent Activism

David Tobis

in From Pariahs to Partners: How parents and their allies changed New York City's child welfare system

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195099881
eISBN:
9780199344772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195099881.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Chapter 3 describes the three most important organizations that created an environment in which parents could play a meaningful role in their own cases and could have a voice in shaping child welfare ... More


Formalizing Responses to Research Hazards

Sydney A. Halpern

in Lesser Harms: The Morality of Risk in Medical Research

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226314518
eISBN:
9780226314532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226314532.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Between the mid-1930s and mid-1950s, a discernable shift took place in the organizational management of research hazards. Of the three approaches to research risks adopted by organizational ... More


From Deliberation to Dialogue

Gwen Ottinger

in Refining Expertise: How Responsible Engineers Subvert Environmental Justice Challenges

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814762370
eISBN:
9780814762394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814762370.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter examines the Concerned Citizens of New Sarpy's (CCNS) dispute with Orion Refining to illustrate how community–industry dialogue served as a venue for experts not only to demonstrate ... More


(S)electing Judges for Strasbourg: A (Dis)appointing Process?

Koen Lemmens

in Selecting Europe's Judges: A Critical Review of the Appointment Procedures to the European Courts

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198727781
eISBN:
9780191794117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727781.003.0006
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

This chapter introduces the selection mechanism for judges to the European Court of Human Rights, focusing on the way the Council of Europe approaches the question and on how national states deal ... More


Tax Reform: Time for a Plan C?

Michael J. Graetz

in The Economists' Voice: Top Economists Take On Today's Problems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231143653
eISBN:
9780231527866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231143653.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

On November 1, 2005, the President's Advisory Panel on Tax Reform unanimously recommended two alternative plans: a simplified income tax (SIT) and a growth and investment tax (GIT). The panel ... More


Internal Adjudication by International Organizations

Carla Ferstman

in International Organizations and the Fight for Accountability: The Remedies and Reparations Gap

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198808442
eISBN:
9780191846144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808442.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter considers the nature, remit, and functioning of review mechanisms established by international organizations to address grievances concerning their conduct. Do these mechanisms serve as ... More


Film Censorship: An Unconstitutional System 1

A.G. Noorani

in CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS: An Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195678291
eISBN:
9780199080588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0113
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter looks at film censorship in India and discusses a report released on 26 July 1969 by the Enquiry Committee on Film Censorship. Headed by G. D. Khosla, a former Chief Justice of the High ... More


Science, Conspiracy Theory, and the South African AIDS Policy Tragedy

Nicoli Nattrass

in The AIDS Conspiracy: Science Fights Back

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231149136
eISBN:
9780231520256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231149136.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter critiques South African President Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki's skepticism of HIV science and his move to halt the distribution antiretroviral drugs in South Africa. When Mbeki became the ... More


Endnote: latest developments in penal policy

Rob Allen

in Tackling prison overcrowding: Build more prisons? Sentence fewer offenders?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847421104
eISBN:
9781447303657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847421104.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Since the King's College seminar, several proposals on sentencing and imprisonment have emerged. Some of these emerged during the height of the political and media concern about violent crimes. The ... More


The Origins and Nature of the Sentencing Guidelines in England and Wales

Andrew Ashworth and Julian V Roberts

in Sentencing Guidelines: Exploring the English Model

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199684571
eISBN:
9780191765032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684571.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This introductory chapter sets the stage for the rest of the volume. It begins by describing the Origins and Nature of the Sentencing Guidelines in England and Wales, from the early days involving ... More


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