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Reefer Madness, Frank the Tank, or Pretty Woman: To What Extent Do Addictive Behaviors Respond to Incentives?

John Cawley

in Incentives and Choice in Health Care

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195775
eISBN:
9780262283816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195775.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines different kinds of health behavior that are important inputs in the production of health, with an emphasis on the effects of incentives on habitual or addictive behaviors such ... More


Addiction, Responsibility, and Ego Depletion

Neil Levy

in Addiction and Responsibility

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015509
eISBN:
9780262295635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015509.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses the extent of an addict’s responsibility in drug-related behavior. It is argued that addicts cannot be held responsible for the range of activities in which they must engage in ... More


Role of choice biases and choice architecture in behavioral economic strategies to reduce addictive behaviors

Jalie A. Tucker, Susan D. Chandler, and JeeWon Cheong

in Addiction and Choice: Rethinking the relationship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198727224
eISBN:
9780191833427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727224.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Human investment activities are vulnerable to delay discounting and a range of other common choice biases. This chapter summarizes conceptual work and research on choice biases and discusses ... More


Impact of the economic recession on addiction-prone behaviours

Aleksandra Dubanowicz and Paul Lemmens

in Impact of Addictive Substances and Behaviours on Individual and Societal Well-being

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198714002
eISBN:
9780191782282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714002.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The recent economic downturn has led to market instabilities, collapse of financial institutions, cuts in public spending, increase in overall unemployment rates, and a decrease of disposable income. ... More


Approaches to reducing the harm done by addictive substances and behaviours should be comprehensive and address the whole population

Peter Anderson, Fleur Braddick, Patricia Conrod, Antoni Gual, Matilda Hellman, Silvia Matrai, David Miller, David Nutt, Jürgen Rehm, Jillian Reynolds, and Tamyko Ysa

in New Governance of Addictive Substances and Behaviours

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198759836
eISBN:
9780191820809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198759836.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Addictive substance use and behaviours have a universal harmful impact, thus are whole-society problems. The potential of public health prevention strategies may be considered across a continuum of ... More


Self-regulation, controlled processes, and the treatment of addiction

Andrew J. Vonasch, Heather M. Maranges, and Roy F. Baumeister

in Addiction and Choice: Rethinking the relationship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198727224
eISBN:
9780191833427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727224.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A common view is that a core feature of addiction is loss of conscious control. We present an alternative view in which we emphasize the role of conscious control and self-regulation in both ... More


The Pursuit of Happiness

Markus Heilig

in The Thirteenth Step: Addiction in the Age of Brain Science

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172363
eISBN:
9780231539029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172363.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses brain reward systems and their role in addiction. Research has shown that brains have reward systems that use dopamine to drive approach behavior needed to obtain natural ... More


Drug and alcohol policy for European youth: current evidence and recommendations for integrated policies and research strategies

Patricia Conrod, Angelina Brotherhood, Harry Sumnall, Fabrizio Faggiano, and Reinout Wiers

in Impact of Addictive Substances and Behaviours on Individual and Societal Well-being

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198714002
eISBN:
9780191782282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714002.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Binge-drinking and illicit drug use are highly prevalent among European youth. Through mapping and a systematic review of reviews it is concluded that there is little review-level evidence to support ... More


Addiction and Responsibility

Jeffrey Poland and George Graham (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015509
eISBN:
9780262295635
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015509.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Addictive behavior threatens not just the addict’s happiness and health but also the welfare and well-being of others. It represents a loss of self-control and a variety of other cognitive ... More


Stress and Psychological Factors

Tsutomu Hoshuyama

in Global Occupational Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195380002
eISBN:
9780199893881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Stress can be considered to be a psychological reaction to an imbalance between demand on the worker and the workers' ability to do the job to a satisfactory degree of comfort or expectation. The ... More


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