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Joined-Up Government

Vernon Bogdanor (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263334
eISBN:
9780191734564
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263334.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Drawing together work presented at a conference held at the British Academy, this book provides a broad overview of one of the most significant aspects of modern government. Joined-up government is a ... More


Willing, Wanting, Waiting

Richard Holton

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199214570
eISBN:
9780191706547
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214570.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book provides a unified account of the will, pulling together a diverse range of phenomena that have typically been treated separately: intention, resolution, choice, weakness and strength of ... More


Agency and Answerability: Selected Essays

Gary Watson

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199272273
eISBN:
9780191709968
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272273.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This volume collects most of the author's publications on human action since the 1970s. The essays collected here are concerned to answer the questions ‘What makes us agents?’ and ‘What makes us ... More


The Soul of Recovery: Uncovering the Spiritual Dimension in the Treatment of Addictions

Christopher Ringwald

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195147681
eISBN:
9780199849338
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147681.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

It is common knowledge that for most alcoholics and addicts recovery programmes like AA seem to hold out the best hope of conquering addiction. Most of us also know that such programmes usually ... More


The Challenge of Affluence

Avner Offer

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199216628
eISBN:
9780191696015
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216628.001.0001
Subject:
History, Economic History

Since the 1940s Americans and Britons have come to enjoy an era of rising material abundance. Yet this has been accompanied by a range of social and personal disorders, including family breakdown, ... More


Counterplay: An Anthropologist at the Chessboard

Robert Desjarlais

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520267398
eISBN:
9780520948204
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267398.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

“Chess gets a hold of some people, like a virus or a drug,” states this book. Drawing on a lifelong fascination with the game, the book guides readers into the world of twenty-first-century chess to ... More


Consumer Sovereignty

David Miller

in Market, State, and Community: Theoretical Foundations of Market Socialism

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198278641
eISBN:
9780191599903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198278640.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Economic markets are often defended on the grounds that they are the most effective mechanism we have for satisfying the desires of consumers. This defence can apparently be undercut by pointing out ... More


Alcoholism

Mike W. Martin

in From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents an integrated, moral-therapeutic perspective on alcoholism. Beginning in the mid-1930s, Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) invigorated the therapeutic trend by convincing health ... More


Pathological Gambling

Mike W. Martin

in From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents an integrated, moral-therapeutic perspective on pathological gambling. Such a perspective emphasizes helping individuals to accept responsibility, where responsibility refers to ... More


Dopamine Handbook

Leslie Iversen, Susan Iversen, Stephen Dunnett, and Anders Bjorklund (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

The discovery of dopamine in 1957-8 was one of the seminal events in the development of modern neuroscience, and has been extremely important for the development of modern therapies of neurological ... More


The future with amphetamines

Leslie Iversen

in Speed, Ecstasy, Ritalin: The Science of Amphetamines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530909
eISBN:
9780191689802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530909.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The previous chapters have reviewed the various uses and abuses of amphetamines in different societies. These man-made chemicals had a great impact on ... More


The Role of Dopamine in the Motivational Vulnerability to Addiction

George F. Koob and Michel Le Moal

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0026
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the role of dopamine in addiction. Research over the past 50 years has revealed that the mesocorticolimbic dopamine system has an essential role in the acute reinforcing ... More


Dopaminergic Mechanisms in Drug-Seeking Habits and the Vulnerability to Drug Addiction

Barry J. Everitt, David Belin, Jeffrey W. Dalley, and Trevor W. Robbins

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0027
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter begins with a discussion of the notion that dopamine (DA) transmission provides a neurochemical mechanism of reinforcement in the brain. It then covers the molecular mechanisms of action ... More


Imaging Dopamine’s Role in Drug Abuse and Addiction

Nora D. Volkow, Joanna S. Fowler, Gene-Jack Wang, Frank Telang, and Ruben Baler

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0028
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

This chapter begins with a discussion of the relationship between acute dopamine (DA) increases in the human brain and drug reinforcement. It then covers the long-term effects of drugs of abuse on DA ... More


Canonical Household Technologies

Lars Peter Hansen and Thomas J. Sargent

in Recursive Models of Dynamic Linear Economies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691042770
eISBN:
9781400848188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691042770.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter derives dynamic demand schedules from a household service technology. It applies the concept of canonical representation of household technologies to a version of Becker and Murphy's ... More


Synthesis of Findings and Lessons for Policy Making

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the possibility of reducing opiate and heroin production. The result reveals that drug control policy, especially governments' enforcement of ... More


The ‘Problem’ of Opium Smoking in Canton

Virgil K.Y. Ho

in Understanding Canton: Rethinking Popular Culture in the Republican Period

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199282715
eISBN:
9780191603037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282714.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Both the causes of opium consumption, and the allegedly calamitous social, political, economic, and cultural impact of opium smoking on Cantonese society were greatly exaggerated in official ... More


Here We Go Again: World War II Mobilization Blues in William Burroughs’s Junky

Keith Gandal

in The Gun and the Pen: Hemingway, Fitzgerald, Faulkner and the Fiction of Mobilization

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195338911
eISBN:
9780199867127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195338911.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory, American, 20th Century Literature

This short Afterword concludes the book with a comparison between the post-World War I novels at issue and Burroughs's post-World War II novel. Burroughs's autobiographical novel seems at first ... More


Pharmacology of tobacco addiction

Jack E. Henningfield and Neal L. Benowitz

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the mechanisms underlying dependence on tobacco and nicotine. Topics covered include the pharmacology of nicotine, dose-related effects, nicotine toxicology, a comparison of ... More


Manipulating product design to reinforce tobacco addiction

Geoffrey Ferris Wayne and Carrie M. Carpenter

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter shows how tobacco manufacturers began programmes for manipulation of nicotine more than fifty years ago and refined these efforts over decades, altering product characteristics in order ... More


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