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Possibility, Actuality, Necessity

David M. Armstrong

in Sketch for a Systematic Metaphysics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590612
eISBN:
9780191723391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590612.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is argued, using the Entailment Principle, that for any contingent truth, the truthmaker for the truth is also a truthmaker for the possibility that it is false. This may be called the Possibility ... More


Doing and Being: An Interpretation of Aristotle's Metaphysics Theta

Jonathan Beere

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199206704
eISBN:
9780191709784
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206704.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

Doing and Being confronts the problem of how to understand two central concepts of Aristotle's philosophy: energeia and dunamis. While these terms seem ambiguous between actuality/potentiality and ... More


Impossible Worlds (1984)

Nathan Salmon

in Metaphysics, Mathematics, and Meaning: Philosophical Papers, Volume I

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284719
eISBN:
9780191603235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284717.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

It is argued, against Randolph Carter, that if there are merely possible worlds, then indeed there are also impossible worlds. Worlds are things, but impossible worlds are not impossible things. A ... More


Dispositions

Stephen Mumford

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199259823
eISBN:
9780191698637
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259823.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book puts forward a new theory of dispositions, showing how central their role in metaphysics and philosophy of science is. Much of our understanding of the physical and psychological world is ... More


Actuality

George Molnar

in Powers: A Study in Metaphysics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199204175
eISBN:
9780191695537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204175.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter briefly discusses actuality and some objections to this concept. It quotes David Hume, who says that manifested powers are identical with their manifestations. Another defence of ... More


No Fool's Cold: Notes on Illusions of Possibility

Stephen Yablo

in Thoughts: Papers on Mind, Meaning, and Modality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199266463
eISBN:
9780191709111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266463.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores the role of actuality in modal judgments. It argues that Kripke's first great contribution to conceivability studies was to have seen the need for a technology of modal error ... More


Aristotle's Refinements of Plato's Theory

Kathrin Koslicki

in The Structure of Objects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539895
eISBN:
9780191716300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539895.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines Aristotle's refinements of Plato's theory of composition. Aristotle is generally sympathetic to the Platonic outlook, but differs over the details. In some cases, Aristotle's ... More


Number and Substance

Svetla Slaveva-Griffin

in Plotinus on Number

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195377194
eISBN:
9780199869572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377194.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter analyzes the relationship between number and substance in the intelligible realm. Plotinus formulates three hypotheses about the existence of number in the intelligible: 1) number is ... More


Truth in the Garden of Forking Paths

John MacFarlane

in Relative Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199234950
eISBN:
9780191715846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234950.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Many philosophers have supposed that if possible worlds overlap and branch (as opposed to having qualitatively identical pasts and then ‘diverging’), our common-sense talk about the future is deeply ... More


Margins for Error in Context

Denis Bonnay and Paul Egré

in Relative Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199234950
eISBN:
9780191715846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234950.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Williamson's margin for error semantics for knowledge implies that knowledge cannot systematically imply knowledge of one's knowledge. Each new iteration of knowledge requires what is known to remain ... More


The Ontology of Reason Relations

John Skorupski

in The Domain of Reasons

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199587636
eISBN:
9780191595394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587636.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 17 shows how reason relations differ from other relations in ways that can be summarised by saying that, unlike these other relations, reason relations are irreal. It also endorses a ... More


Existence (1987)

Nathan Salmon

in Metaphysics, Mathematics, and Meaning: Philosophical Papers, Volume I

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284719
eISBN:
9780191603235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284717.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Quine’s dictum that to be is to be a value of a variable is rejected on the grounds that variables range over nonexistents. Many things do not exist. This observation is consistent with actualism, ... More


The Logic of What Might Have Been (1989)

Nathan Salmon

in Metaphysics, Mathematics, and Meaning: Philosophical Papers, Volume I

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199284719
eISBN:
9780191603235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284717.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

It is argued that some possible worlds are only contingently possible, and likewise that some impossible worlds are only contingently impossible. There are counterexamples to S5 modal logic and even ... More


Modality in Hegel's Logic

Christopher Yeomans

in Freedom and Reflection: Hegel and the Logic of Agency

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794522
eISBN:
9780199919253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794522.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter shows the way in which Hegel treats modal notions as component forms of productive expression. Two different forms of modality – relative and absolute – are carefully distinguished ... More


Property Dualism

Stephen Mumford

in Dispositions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199259823
eISBN:
9780191698637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259823.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the ontology of property dualism. It puts forward the arguments for the distinctness thesis and shows that they have a degree of force. It provides a sketch of dualist ontology, ... More


The Growth of S2: Potentiality and Actuality

Daniel W. Graham

in Aristotle's Two Systems

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198243151
eISBN:
9780191680649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243151.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents theories that were peripheral to S1 and states that they were transformed under the pressure of new principles to become key components of a new system. Since the important ... More


The limits of the possible

Sarah Waterlow

in Passage and Possibility: A Study of Aristotle's Modal Concepts

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246565
eISBN:
9780191681011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246565.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What is possible is subject to certain universal restrictions, and also in each particular case to particular ones. It follows that the present truth of a future-tensed statement doesn't threaten its ... More


The World as Actual: The Postulates and the Refutation of Idealism

Jay F. Rosenberg

in Accessing Kant: A relaxed introduction to the Critique of Pure Reason

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199275816
eISBN:
9780191699849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275816.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the ‘postulates of empirical thinking in general’ that has concerns with the categories of modality: possibility, actuality, and necessity. The Postulates are rather principles ... More


A New Ontology?

Paul M. Collins

in Trinitarian Theology: West and East: Karl Barth, the Cappadocian Fathers, and John Zizioulas

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198270324
eISBN:
9780191683985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270324.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The being of God in the Church Dogmatics is characterized by the concepts of act, action, activity, and event, rather than by the language of substance. It is from Karl Barth's understanding that the ... More


Storytracking the Arrernte through the Academic Bush

Sam D. Gill

in Storytracking: Texts, Stories, and Histories in Central Australia

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195115871
eISBN:
9780199853427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195115871.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Existence of academies aims to bridge the gap between actuality and people's comprehension of it, but it is important to note that the reality of academic institutions is made possible by the ... More


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