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Reframing Social Citizenship

Peter Taylor-Gooby

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546701
eISBN:
9780191720420
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546701.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Recent reforms in welfare states generate new challenges to social citizenship. Social citizenship depends on the readiness of voters to support reciprocity and social inclusion and their trust in ... More


Axon Models

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Axon model simulates the equations and parameters derived from experiments by Hodgkin and Huxley on the squid giant axon. Because of the exact correspondence between the equations incorporated ... More


The Experience of Activation Policies

Duncan Gallie

in Resisting Marginalization: Unemployment Experience and Social Policy in the European Union

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199271849
eISBN:
9780191602733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271844.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines the activation programmes for unemployed people in the EU. The comparison of a group of unemployed and a group of activated people showed only small differences in terms of ... More


Navigating Environmental Attitudes

Thomas A. Heberlein

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199773329
eISBN:
9780199979639
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773329.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

The environment, and how humans affect it, is more of a concern now than ever. We are constantly told that halting climate change requires raising awareness, changing attitudes, and finally altering ... More


What’s Wrong with Their Mice?

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter discusses the use of animals to explore issues relating to human cognition, emotion, volition, and their pathologies. Researchers who use animal models in their work point to ... More


The Response of Government

Peter Taylor‐Gooby

in Reframing Social Citizenship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546701
eISBN:
9780191720420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546701.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter analyses responses to the pressures on social and public provision among European countries and at the level of the EU. It argues that attempts to develop common EU-wide social provision ... More


One Third Way or Several?

Giuliano Bonoli and Martin Powell

in Welfare State Change: Towards a Third Way?

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199266722
eISBN:
9780191601941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266727.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter discusses the role of the Third Way discourse in legitimizing labour market policy reform in Britain, France, and Germany. It argues that only in Britain can a convincing causal link be ... More


Supporting unemployed people: income protection and activation

Jochen Clasen

in Reforming European Welfare States: Germany and the United Kingdom Compared

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270712
eISBN:
9780191603266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270716.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter discusses three periods of policy change in the field of social protection for unemployed people. It explains basic parameters of unemployment protection systems, contrasting contemporary ... More


Musical Expectations, Probability, and Aesthetics

Jay Schulkin

in Reflections on the Musical Mind: An Evolutionary Perspective

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157443
eISBN:
9781400849031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157443.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter examines the human problem of grappling with the unexpected while sustaining the familiar, a core feature that underlies human experience and inquiry in general, but which is also ... More


Feelings and Emotions On Both Sides of the Brain: The Asymmetric Forebrain

A. D. (Bud) Craig

in How Do You Feel?: An Interoceptive Moment with Your Neurobiological Self

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156767
eISBN:
9781400852727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156767.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

This chapter addresses the different roles of the left and right anterior insular cortex (AIC). It begins by noting evidence that the left AIC and the right AIC were activated asymmetrically in many ... More


The Availability and Supportive Functions of Extended Kinship Ties in Later Life: Evidence from the Berlin Ageing Stud y

Sarah Harper

in Families in Ageing Societies: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199251162
eISBN:
9780191602740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251169.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the availability and supportive functions of extended kin relationships in later life, drawing on the results of the Berlin Ageing study. It is shown that in addition to close ... More


The Development of Workfare within Social Activation Policies

Duncan Gallie

in Resisting Marginalization: Unemployment Experience and Social Policy in the European Union

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199271849
eISBN:
9780191602733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271844.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines the extent to which social activation policies have incorporated principles of ‘workfare,’ which requires people to work in exchange for social assistance benefits. Welfare ... More


Intramembrane Charge Movements in Striated Muscle

Christopher L.-H. Huang

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198577492
eISBN:
9780191724190
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198577492.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This book provides a review of developments made in the understanding of cellular activation phenomena in striated muscle. Basic physical, mathematical, and physiological principles are covered. The ... More


Denmark: ambiguous modernization of an inclusive unemployment protection system

Jørgen Goul Andersen

in Regulating the Risk of Unemployment: National Adaptations to Post-Industrial Labour Markets in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199592296
eISBN:
9780191731471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592296.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

In Denmark, there have been strong integration tendencies in terms of risk re-categorization and activation. Where benefit requirements used to be fairly undemanding, today employment and activation ... More


Implicit Control of Stereotype Activation

Gordon B. Moskowitz and Peizhong Li

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Control typically is conceived of as a set of conscious responses to an activated goal and the subsequent attempts at goal pursuit. Control includes the self-regulatory steps one initiates by ... More


The Biomechanics of Movement Control

Walter Herzog

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The control of joint movements through muscles represents a mathematically redundant problem: that is, there are more muscles than are strictly required for a given task. However, despite this ... More


Cell death

Baltazar D. Aguda and Avner Friedman

in Models of Cellular Regulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198570912
eISBN:
9780191718717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570912.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Apoptosis or programmed cell death is the mechanism that cells employ to eliminate cells with irreparably damaged DNA. Abnormalities in the regulation of apoptosis have been implicated in the origins ... More


The Dowser in the Fields: Searching for MEG Sources

Sylvain Baillet

in MEG: An Introduction to Methods

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195307238
eISBN:
9780199863990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307238.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter reviews the statistical tools available for the analysis of distributed activation maps defined either on the 2D cortical surface or throughout the 3D brain volume. Statistical analysis ... More


Multi-Dipole Modeling in MEG

Riitta Salmelin

in MEG: An Introduction to Methods

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195307238
eISBN:
9780199863990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307238.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

The type of information one would typically like to extract from MEG data is approximate location of active brain areas, time course of activation in those areas, and the effect of task or stimulus ... More


Statistical Inference in MEG Distributed Source Imaging

Dimitrios Pantazis and Richard M. Leahy

in MEG: An Introduction to Methods

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195307238
eISBN:
9780199863990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307238.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter reviews the statistical tools available for the analysis of distributed activation maps defined either on the 2D cortical surface or throughout the 3D brain volume. Statistical analysis ... More


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