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Concepts and Hypotheses

Franz Traxler, Sabine Blaschke, and Bernhard Kittel

in National Labour Relations in Internationalized Markets: A Comparative Study of Institutions, Change and Performance

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295549
eISBN:
9780191685132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295549.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR, Political Economy

Organized business and labour are vital in the operations of industrial relations. Unions and employer associations, both organizations of interest, have to deal with certain organizational issues. ... More


Weakness of Will in Renaissance and Reformation Thought

Risto Saarinen

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606818
eISBN:
9780191729614
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606818.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Weakness of will, the phenomenon of acting contrary to one's own better judgement, remains a prominent discussion topic in philosophy. The book covers the reflection on weakness of will between 1350 ... More


Rationality and the Good: An Overview

Robert Audi

in Rationality and the Good: Critical Essays on the Ethics and Epistemology of Robert Audi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195311952
eISBN:
9780199871070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311952.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter provides an overview of major themes in his work in ethics, epistemology, and action theory, in which a conception of rationality that connects these domains is sketched out.


Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Joseph Heath

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book attempts to show how rule-following can be understood as an essential element of rational action. The first step involves showing how rational choice theory can be modified to incorporate ... More


Having in Mind: The Philosophy of Keith Donnellan

Joseph Almog and Paolo Leonardi (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844845
eISBN:
9780199933501
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844845.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Keith Donnellan of UCLA is one of the founding fathers of contemporary philosophy of language, along with David Kaplan and Saul Kripke. Donnellan was and is an extremely creative thinker whose ... More


What Drives Persistent Offending? The Neglected and Unexplored Role of the Social Environment

Per-Olof H. Wikström and Kyle Treiber

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The role of the social environment in causing stability and change in offending had been largely unexplored in criminological theory. This chapter presents a case for the importance of the social ... More


The Metaphysics of Basic Acts II: The Identity of Actions With Bodily Movements

Michael S. Moore

in Act and Crime: The Philosophy of Action and its Implications for Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599509
eISBN:
9780191594656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599509.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

A much-maligned thesis of the Nineteenth Century jurisprudence of Austin and Holmes was that all actions are essentially bodily movements of a certain kind. This is not a thesis about the law's ... More


Contesting the World‐Making Prejudice

Talbot Brewer

in The Retrieval of Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557882
eISBN:
9780191720918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557882.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Contemporary philosophers have for the most part come to agree on a particular, historically distinctive conception of the nature and point of human action. On the ascendant view, all actions borrow ... More


WHAT ARE INTENTIONS?

Paisley Livingston

in Art and Intention: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199278060
eISBN:
9780191602269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278067.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Presents a survey of prevalent assumptions about the nature and status of intentions, beginning with minimalist and reductionist views and moving on to accounts of intention as a type of ... More


The Logic of Rules

David Braybrooke, Bryson Brown, Peter K. Schotch, and Laura Byrne

in Logic on the Track of Social Change

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198235309
eISBN:
9780191679056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235309.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Political Philosophy

The account of the logic of rules is stratified. The various layers consist of the logic of states, i.e., essentially classical logic (of the usual sort), the logic of agents and action types (or as ... More


Causing Human Actions: New Perspectives on the Causal Theory of Action

Jesús H. Aguilar and Andrei A. Buckareff (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014564
eISBN:
9780262289139
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014564.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The causal theory of action (CTA) is widely recognized in the literature of the philosophy of action as the “standard story” of human action and agency—the nearest approximation in the field to a ... More


Willing and Acting

Christopher Janaway

in Self and World in Schopenhauer's Philosophy

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250036
eISBN:
9780191597817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250037.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Presents Schopenhauer's claims about the relation between willing and action. Willing is for him fundamentally a moving of the body, not a mental volition that causes bodily movement. His theory here ... More


Introduction

Risto Saarinen

in Weakness of Will in Renaissance and Reformation Thought

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606818
eISBN:
9780191729614
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606818.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The short introduction defines weakness of will (akrasia, incontinentia) as acting contrary to one’s own better judgement. In addition to Aristotle’s discussion of this phenomenon, the study covers ... More


Individuals’ Situational Criminal Actions: Current Knowledge and Tomorrow’s Prospects

Per-Olof H. Wikström

in The Future of Criminology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917938
eISBN:
9780199950430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917938.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on one neglected aspect of theories, namely, the integration of the person, including human agency, with environmental approaches in the study of crime causation. It refers to ... More


Action theory and policy analysis: the ADEPT model

Alfred Rütten, Peter Gelius, and Karim Abu-Omar

in Health Promotion and the Policy Process

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199658039
eISBN:
9780191765780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658039.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents the “Analysis of Determinants of Policy Impact” (ADEPT) model, an approach to policy analysis in health promotion that is easy-to-use, parsimonious, and empirically tested. The ... More


Desiring the Good: Ancient Proposals and Contemporary Theory

Katja Maria Vogt

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190692476
eISBN:
9780190692506
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190692476.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book defends a novel and distinctive approach in ethics that is inspired by ancient philosophy. Ethics, according to this approach, starts from one question and its most immediate answer: “what ... More


A Mirror Is for Reflection: Understanding Buddhist Ethics

Jake H. Davis (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190499778
eISBN:
9780190499792
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190499778.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This volume offers a snapshot of the present state of academic investigation into the nature of Buddhist ethics. Over the past decade many scholars have come to think that the project of fitting ... More


The Philosophical Imagination: Selected Essays

Richard Moran

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190633776
eISBN:
9780190633806
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190633776.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

A collection of philosophical articles on subjects ranging from aesthetics, the philosophy of mind and action, the first person, to engagements with various contemporary philosophers.


Introduction

John Davenport

in Will as Commitment and Resolve: An Existential Account of Creativity, Love, Virtue, and Happiness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823225750
eISBN:
9780823235896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823225750.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Focusing on the most influential historical accounts of motivation, as well as closely related questions in moral theory and religion, this book considers dilemmas ... More


From Action Theory to Projective Motivation

John Davenport

in Will as Commitment and Resolve: An Existential Account of Creativity, Love, Virtue, and Happiness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823225750
eISBN:
9780823235896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823225750.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that willing in the sense of resolve or self-motivating determination is not adequately described or explained in contemporary action theory. It ... More


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