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Lipids: Fatty Acids

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses fatty acids, the building blocks of lipids, which represent a significant fraction of the total lipid pool in aquatic organisms. It explores how chain length and levels of ... More


The Politics of Environmental Discourse: Ecological Modernization and the Policy Process

Maarten A. Hajer

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293330
eISBN:
9780191599408
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829333X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The book identifies the emergence and increasing political importance of ‘ecological modernization’ as a new language in environmental politics. In this conceptual language, environmental management ... More


Accumulating Knowledge, Accumulating Pollution? Ecological Modernization in the United Kingdom

Maarten A. Hajer

in The Politics of Environmental Discourse: Ecological Modernization and the Policy Process

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293330
eISBN:
9780191599408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829333X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Focuses on the history of the political problem of acid rain in the United Kingdom. Reconstructs two distinct discourse coalitions: a traditional pragmatic one and a coalition constructed around ... More


The Micro‐Powers of Apocalypse: Ecological Modernization in the Netherlands

Maarten A. Hajer

in The Politics of Environmental Discourse: Ecological Modernization and the Policy Process

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293330
eISBN:
9780191599408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829333X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

One of the most comprehensive discussions of the Dutch environmental ‘policy planning’ approach. Analyses how the acid rain issue became a key problem that persuaded many that a new policy strategy ... More


The Chemical Bond in Inorganic Chemistry: The Bond Valence Model

I. David Brown

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199298815
eISBN:
9780191708879
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298815.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The bond valence model, which is derived from the ionic model, is expressed through a number of rules and equations that determines which acid-base bond structures can exist. Chief among these rules ... More


Structure and bonding in oxides and oxoacids of carbon, sulfur, nitrogen, phosphorus, and chlorine

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0020
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the molecular structures of the three known carbon oxides, the three known sulfur oxides, eight nitrogen oxides, two phosphorus oxides, and three chlorine oxides. Bond energies ... More


Receptor and Ion-Channel Trafficking: Cell Biology of Ligand-Gated and Voltage-Sensitive Ion Channels

Stephen J. Moss and Jeremy Henley (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632241
eISBN:
9780191724763
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632241.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This book reviews the recent advances in understanding of the molecular and cellular mechanisms that control the assembly, transport, targeting, and anchoring of the protein complexes making up the ... More


Carbohydrates of neural cell glycoproteins: structure, biosynthesis, and function

Kiyohiko Angata and Minoru Fukuda

in Neuroglycobiology: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525387
eISBN:
9780191723872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525387.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter summarizes the current understanding of how specific carbohydrates are made by glycosyltransferases on glycoproteins in neural cells and the important functions of these carbohydrates in ... More


Sialic acids in gangliosides: origin and function

Guido Kohla and Roland Schauer

in Neuroglycobiology: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525387
eISBN:
9780191723872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525387.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Eukaryotic cells are composed of numerous lipids, among which the glycosphingolipids and especially the sialic-acid-containing gangliosides occur ubiquitously in most tissues. They are particularly ... More


Simple Molecules That Turn You On and Off

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

Glutamate is an amino acid that your brain uses as a neurotransmitter and it is almost always is excitatory. GABA is also an amino acid that your brain uses as a neurotransmitter and it is almost ... More


Macromolecular Crystallography: conventional and high-throughput methods

Mark R. Sanderson and Jane V. Skelly (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520979
eISBN:
9780191706295
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520979.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Macromolecular crystallography is the study of macromolecules (proteins and nucleic acids) using X-ray crystallographic techniques in order to determine their molecular structure. The knowledge of ... More


Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

Hoby Hetherington

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) enable the noninvasive regional assessment of major metabolites in the human brain including: N-acetyl aspartate (NAA), ... More


Alpha-[11C]Methyl-L-Tryptophan Positron Emission Tomography

Carlos E. A. Batista, Diane C. Chugani, and Harry T. Chugani

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Alpha[11C]Methyl-L-tryptophan (AMT) was developed initially as a tracer for positron emission tomography (PET) in order to measure brain serotonin synthesis, but subsequent studies have shown that it ... More


Exploiting molecular and isotopic signals at the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition

Richard P. Evershed

in Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264140
eISBN:
9780191734489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.003.0008
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The paucity of cultural finds at this key stage in human prehistory increases the need to fully and effectively exploit all the sources of evidence that exist. Organic residues, preserved in ... More


Proteins: Amino Acids and Amines

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses proteins, which make up approximately 50% of organic matter and contain about 85% of the organic nitrogen in marine organisms. Peptides and proteins comprise an important ... More


Nucleic Acids and Molecular Tools

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines nucleic acids, polymers of RNA and DNA, which act as the templates for protein synthesis. High levels of nucleic acids in microbes contribute to their elevated nitrogen and ... More


Probabilistic ancestral sequences based on the Markovian model of evolution: algorithms and applications

Gina M. Cannarozzi, Adrian Schneider, and Gaston H. Gonnet

in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

A probabilistic sequence (PS) is a sequence in which each position instead of having a single character (amino acid, nucleotide, or codon), has a vector describing the probability of each symbol ... More


Dealing with uncertainty in ancestral sequence reconstruction: sampling from the posterior distribution

David D. Pollock and Belinda S.W. Chang

in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The goal of ancestral inference is to have as accurate a picture of ancestral function as possible. Thus, it is worthwhile to try to understand the nature and cause of the sequence and functional ... More


Using ancestral sequence inference to determine the trend of functional divergence after gene duplication

Xun Gu, Ying Zheng, Yong Huang, and Dongping Xu

in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents a new approach to functional divergence analysis with the combination of ancestral sequence inference, using the family of animal G-protein subunits as an example. Using the ... More


A thermophilic last universal ancestor inferred from its estimated amino acid composition

Dawn J. Brooks and Eric A. Gaucher

in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The last universal ancestor (LUA) represents a relatively accessible theoretical intermediary between extant cellular organisms and early, precellular ‘life’. In a previous study, the ... More


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