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Concluding Remarks

Sven Bernecker

in Memory: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577569
eISBN:
9780191722820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577569.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This short chapter summarizes the analyses of introversive and extroversive memory and spells out their wider ramifications. The philosophical analysis of memory can make an important contribution to ... More


Contractualism and the Foundations of Morality

Nicholas Southwood

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199539659
eISBN:
9780191594908
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539659.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Contractualism has a venerable history and considerable appeal. Yet as an account of the foundations or ultimate grounds of morality it has been thought by many philosophers to be subject to fatal ... More


Conclusion

James A. Gardner

in What are Campaigns For?: The Role of Persuasion in Electoral Law and Politics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195392616
eISBN:
9780199855438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392616.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Reform efforts aimed solely at elevating the democratic quality of campaigns are unlikely by themselves to have much success. At the same time, there is ample justification for attempting to gain ... More


Accurate Clock Pendulums

Robert J. Matthys

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The Shortt clock, made in the 1920s, is the most famous accurate clock pendulum ever known, having an accuracy of one second per year when kept at nearly constant temperature. Almost all of a ... More


Check your clock against WWV

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0035
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

In the United States, WWV is the obvious time standard to check a clock against. WWV's claimed time accuracy as transmitted in Boulder, Colorado is 10 microseconds short term, and 1 second in 3,000 ... More


Better accuracy from simple pendulums

Robert James Matthys

in Accurate Clock Pendulums

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529712
eISBN:
9780191712791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter deals with simple pendulums and with several things that can be done to improve their accuracy. Most of the items have only a minor effect on accuracy, but they add up. The pendulum ... More


Presupposition

Richard Swinburne

in Revelation: From Metaphor to Analogy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199212460
eISBN:
9780191707193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212460.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Someone may express a claim within a system of presuppositions held by his hearers. The presuppositions are however not part of the claim, and the truth-value of the claim does not depend on the ... More


Truth in Reputation: Accuracy and Validity

Kenneth H. Craik

in Reputation: A Network Interpretation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195330922
eISBN:
9780199868292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330922.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter addresses a central feature in most definitions of reputation-the content claims about attributes of the person. The truth of these claims entails two issues: first, the accuracy of the ... More


The Genealogy of Testimonial Justice

Miranda Fricker

in Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198237907
eISBN:
9780191706844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter traces the genealogy of the virtue of testimonial justice back to the State of Nature. Building on Bernard Williams' account of two basic ‘virtues of truth’, namely Accuracy and ... More


Control of Locomotion: Lessons from Whole-body Biomechanical Analysis

Boris I. Prilutsky and Alexander N. Klishko

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Biomechanical analysis of whole-body locomotion in different conditions is a unique tool for exploring the effects of environmental demands on movement control. This chapter reviews data from the ... More


Anglo Cultural Scripts Seen through Middle Eastern Eyes

Anna Wierzbicka

in English: Meaning and Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195174748
eISBN:
9780199788514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174748.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter introduces the theory of “cultural scripts” and shows how it can help to explain miscommunication between “Anglos” and people from other cultural backgrounds. The notion of “cultural ... More


Simple Reaction Times: Basic Data

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter discusses the simple reaction-time paradigm. Topics covered include the effect of signal properties on reaction time, effect of foreperiod on reaction time, the speed-accuracy tradeoff, ... More


Two-Choice Reaction Times: Basic Ideas and Data

R. Duncan Luce

in Response Times: Their Role in Inferring Elementary Mental Organization

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195070019
eISBN:
9780199869879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195070019.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter begins with a discussion of choice-reaction times and simple-reaction times. It then discusses a conceptual scheme for tradeoffs, discriminability and accuracy, speed-accuracy tradeoff, ... More


Accuracy, Independence, and Trust

Onora O’Neill

in Hutton and Butler: Lifting the Lid on the Workings of Power

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263297
eISBN:
9780191734519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263297.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter examines the issues of accuracy and trust involved in the Hutton Report. It explains that Lord Hutton's interpretation of the events surrounding the death of David Kelly led him to focus ... More


A Framework for the Design of Plant Diversity Studies

Thomas J. Stohlgren

in Measuring Plant Diversity: Lessons from the Field

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172331
eISBN:
9780199790395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172331.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter suggests an experimental approach to vegetation sampling in general, and to plant diversity sampling in particular. It is assumed that most available sampling techniques are like ... More


Differential Diagnosis of Dementia Using Functional Neuroimaging

Eric Salmon, Fabienne Collette, and Gaëtan Garraux

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Functional neuroimaging in neurodegenerative dementias provides 3D representations of brain activity that are relatively characteristic of the underlying phenotypic distribution of cerebral lesions. ... More


Going Forward

Aryeh Neier

in The International Human Rights Movement: A History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135151
eISBN:
9781400841875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135151.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter explains that the most widely used method for promoting human rights—collecting and disseminating detailed and reliable information on rights abuses and assessing the findings against ... More


Accuracy: Components and Processes

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0041
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Social perception in general, and accuracy in particular, can be viewed as being composed of different components. Several different componential approaches to accuracy (Cronbach’s [1955], Kenny’s ... More


What Constitutes Evidence of Stereotype Accuracy?

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0066
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter lays the groundwork for understanding Chapter 17, which reviews every high-quality scientific investigation of the (in)accuracy of stereotypes that I could find. Chapter 16 facilitates ... More


Stereotypes and Person Perception: Can Judging Individuals on the Basis of Stereotypes Increase Accuracy?

Lee Jussim

in Social Perception and Social Reality: Why Accuracy Dominates Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195366600
eISBN:
9780199933044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366600.003.0074
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the role of stereotypes in enhancing or reducing the accuracy of person perception. It points out that relying on an inaccurate stereotype will usually reduce accuracy of person ... More


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