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The Active Leverage of the European Union

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter presents a theoretical framework for the EU’s active leverage, defined as the EU’s deliberate efforts to promote reform in candidate states moving towards EU membership. Active leverage ... More


The Endgame of the Negotiations and the Future of an Enlarged European Union

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Ten new members, eight of them post-communist states, joined the EU on 1 May 2004. This chapter takes up three issues that will shape the future of an enlarged EU. First, the EU’s active leverage has ... More


The European Union and Other Supranational Entanglements

Iain McLean

in What's Wrong with the British Constitution?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199546954
eISBN:
9780191720031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546954.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

EU membership and parliamentary sovereignty. The Schuman Plan and supranationalism. The United Kingdom's early attempts to join. The 1972 debates. The 1975 referendum. The Single European Act and its ... More


Leaderless Enlargement? The Difficult Reform of the New Pan‐European Political System

José M. Magone

in Leaderless Europe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199535026
eISBN:
9780191715860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535026.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Far from EU enlargement and deepening being contradictory, the addition of new members to the EU led to new policies such as the redistributive regional policy structural funds consequent on the ... More


Laying the Foundations

Michael Banton

in International Action against Racial Discrimination

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280613
eISBN:
9780191598760
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280610.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Most states saw accession to the Convention as a matter of foreign policy. Many perceived it as a way of demonstrating their anti‐apartheid credentials, with but few implications for their internal ... More


Voter Competence: What do Voters Need to Know?

Sara Binzer Hobolt

in Europe in Question: Referendums on European Integration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199549948
eISBN:
9780191720451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549948.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

What do voters need to know? That is the question examined in this chapter which explores voting behaviour in EU referendums from a normative perspective by considering the issue of voter competence. ... More


Monetary Unions and Hard Pegs: Effects on Trade, Financial Development, and Stability

Volbert Alexander, George M. von Furstenberg, and Jacques Mélitz (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271405
eISBN:
9780191601200
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271402.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Financial services with global reach are a highly information-intensive business. In it, the ability to deliver reliable price formation, global liquidity, and network benefits is increasingly ... More


Dollarization and Euroization in Transition Countries: Currency Substitution, Asset Substitution, Network Externalities, and Irreversibility

Edgar L. Feige and James W. Dean

in Monetary Unions and Hard Pegs: Effects on Trade, Financial Development, and Stability

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271405
eISBN:
9780191601200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271402.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The chapter examines the extent, causes and consequences of transition countries’ use of foreign currency as a co-circulating medium of exchange and store of value. Using new estimates of foreign ... More


Currency Substitution in Anticipation of EU Accession

Hans Genberg

in Monetary Unions and Hard Pegs: Effects on Trade, Financial Development, and Stability

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271405
eISBN:
9780191601200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271402.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Countries in Eastern and Central Europe that are joining the European Union will eventually also join EMU. The process of accession entails a transition period at whose end the domestic currency is ... More


The Enlargement of the European Union

Marise Cremona (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199260942
eISBN:
9780191698705
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260942.001.0001
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This collection of chapters reflects on the fifth enlargement of the European Union, projected to take place in 2004. It examines the process of enlargement, its impact on both the candidate States ... More


Early Life, Accession, and Chronology of the Reign of Aśoka

Romila Thapar

in Aśoka and the Decline of the Mauryas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077244
eISBN:
9780199081073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077244.003.0014
Subject:
History, Indian History

This chapter examines the early life and the chronology of the reign of Aśoka Maurya. It mentions the romantic hypotheses that either Aśoka's mother or grandmother was a Greek princess and discusses ... More


Empirical Analysis of Barriers to International Services Transactions and the Consequences of Liberalization

Alan V. Deardorff and Robert M. Stern

in A Handbook of International Trade in Services

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199235216
eISBN:
9780191715624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235216.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews methods used to identify and quantify barriers to international trade in services. Barriers typically take the form of regulations that either restrict supply or make it more ... More


Property

Ekkehart Schlicht

in On Custom in the Economy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292241
eISBN:
9780191596865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292244.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, History of Economic Thought

The theory of property proposed by David Hume can be interpreted as an application of the theory developed in this book. The tension between instrumental and moral aspects of property can be traced ... More


Inheritance and Gift Taxes

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Deal with the tax issues on estate transfer, bequests and gifts, which are considered to be appropriate objects of taxation. The structural features of the Japanese inheritance and gifts taxes are ... More


The World Trade Organization

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

An account is given of the organizational structure of the WTO (World Trade Organization), which was established as a multilateral trade organization on 1 January 1995 to encompass a modified GATT ... More


Integrating Developing Countries and Economies in Transition

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

A brief review is presented of the history of developing country involvement in GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) and the experience of the first five years of the WTO (World Trade ... More


Multilevel Protection of Rights in Europe

Aida Torres Pérez

in Conflicts of Rights in the European Union: A Theory of Supranational Adjudication

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199568710
eISBN:
9780191705571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568710.003.0003
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter places this book's project in the context of the plurality of systems protecting fundamental rights in Europe. In Europe, there are at least three spheres of rights protection: the ... More


Introduction

Martin Wiggins

in Drama and the Transfer of Power in Renaissance England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199650590
eISBN:
9780191741982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199650590.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Drama, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

The introduction outlines the overall historical context of the book, with special attention begin given to the tensions associated with the transfer of power in the sixteenth and seventeenth ... More


1559: The Taming of the Wolves

Martin Wiggins

in Drama and the Transfer of Power in Renaissance England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199650590
eISBN:
9780191741982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199650590.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Drama, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter analyses and reconstructs the dramatic response to the return of Protestantism to the heart of English government with the accession of Elizabeth I after five years of Mary I's ... More


1603: Sycophancy and Old Clothes

Martin Wiggins

in Drama and the Transfer of Power in Renaissance England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199650590
eISBN:
9780191741982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199650590.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Drama, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter analyses six progress entertainments and court masques staged during the first year of James I's reign. The entertainments, one of them by Ben Jonson, are connected with bids for power ... More


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