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Social Work Practice in Nontraditional Urban Settings

Melvin Delgado

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195112481
eISBN:
9780199865826
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195112481.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

In an era of diminishing resources, communities that have historically been served by professionals in established social service settings can no longer rely on outside resources and assistance to ... More


Killing Without Dying: the Absence of Suicide Missions

Stathis N. Kalyvas and Ignacio Sánchez-Cuenca

in Making Sense of Suicide Missions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199276998
eISBN:
9780191707735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276998.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The chapter is divided into two parts. The first part examines why organizations may be unwilling to resort to suicide missions (SMs). It considers five possible reasons: cognitive accessibility, ... More


Cross‐Country Comparisons: Legislative and Executive Inclusion

Andrew Reynolds

in Electoral Systems and Democratization in Southern Africa

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295105
eISBN:
9780191600128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295103.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

A comparative analysis is given of both actual and simulated election results of the five country case studies (from Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe) presented in the book, along ... More


The Problem of Natural Theology

C. Stephen Evans

in Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter introduces the concept of natural signs of God, understood as broadly accessible objects or experiences that naturally point to God. These signs lie at the core of classical theistic ... More


About 17 (+/−2) Potential Principles about Links between the Innate Mind and Culture: Preadaptation, Predispositions, Preferences, Pathways, and Domains

Paul Rozin

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Innate and cultural programming act to a large degree by creating predispositions, rather than fixed outcomes. Predispositions vary in different domains of life. There are both innate and cultural ... More


Engaging the World

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Because it unfolds through time, conceptualization (and hence linguistic meaning) is inherently dynamic. There are numerous natural paths that it tends to follow, and which tend to coalign in ... More


Explanations Explained

John Levi Martin

in The Explanation of Social Action

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199773312
eISBN:
9780199897223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199773312.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

Because we accept an incoherent idea of casualty as the heart of our understanding of explanation, our theory of explanation is as bizarre as it is useless—a sense in which the attributes of persons ... More


Freedom of the Will, Covenant, and Moral Capability

Jonathan Jacobs

in Law, Reason, and Morality in Medieval Jewish Philosophy: Sadia Gaon, Bahya ibn Pakuda, and Moses Maimonides

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542833
eISBN:
9780191594359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542833.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter focuses on freedom of the will, questions about agents' responsibility for their virtues and vices, and the way in which the covenant between God and human beings has implications for ... More


What Is Needs Assessment?

David Royse, Michele Staton‐Tindall, Karen Badger, and J. Matthew Webster

in Needs Assessment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368789
eISBN:
9780199863860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:royes/9780195368789.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter examines definitions and various perspectives of the terms need and needs assessment. Need is a relative term that can have different meanings to various individuals and communities. The ... More


Ethnicity and Social Services

Carole B. Cox and Paul H. Ephross

in Ethnicity and Social Work Practice

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195099317
eISBN:
9780199864744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195099317.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

The primary role of social services is to improve the functioning of the individual, family, group, or community. But this role can be enacted only if the need for assistance is recognized. ... More


A Simple Theory of Introspection

Declan Smithies

in Introspection and Consciousness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744794
eISBN:
9780199933396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744794.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops a simple theory of introspection, according to which one has introspective access to the fact that one is in a certain mental state just by virtue of being in that mental state. ... More


Financial Access: Household-level Evidence

T.A. Bhavani and N.R. Bhanumurthy

in Financial Access in Post-Reform India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076650
eISBN:
9780199081868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076650.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Chapter 5 focuses on the empirical analysis of financial access at the level of households. Initially, it presents evidence for the availability of financial services in the Indian villages. This is ... More


Interventions, Educational and Therapeutic

Barbara Jo Fidler, Nicholas Bala, and Michael A. Saini

in Children Who Resist Postseparation Parental Contact: A Differential Approach for Legal and Mental Health Professionals

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199895496
eISBN:
9780199980086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895496.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Various mental health interventions, approaches, and strategies are discussed in the literature for responding to cases when alienation or other parent-child contact problems are present. Deciding ... More


Social Communities: Access and Users’ Capabilities

Robin Mansell and W. Edward Steinmueller

in Mobilizing the Information Society

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198295570
eISBN:
9780191685149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198295570.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Innovation

The nature and degree of user engagement with the process is believed to determine the progress towards attaining the information society. While this engagement may be viewed from several different ... More


What has the Scottish Parliament achieved, and what can it teach Westminster?

Barry K. Winetrobe and Robert Hazell

in Anglo-Scottish Relations, from 1900 to Devolution and Beyond

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263310
eISBN:
9780191734144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263310.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter argues that there was a determination that the 1997 devolution plan, unlike the earlier 1979 plan, would be ‘not like Westminster’ but would result from a ‘home-grown process’. It ... More


Religious Grounds and Grounds Based On Other Comprehensive Perspectives

Kent Greenawalt

in Private Consciences and Public Reasons

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195094190
eISBN:
9780199853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195094190.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This is a continuation of the problem being solved in the last two chapters, and this chapter is focused on the religious grounds to decision-making. One of the main arguments against using religious ... More


Reading Sounds: Closed-Captioned Media and Popular Culture

Sean Zdenek

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226312644
eISBN:
9780226312811
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226312811.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Situated at the intersection of a number of competing discourses and perspectives, closed captioning offers a key location for exploring the rhetoric of disability in the age of digital media. ... More


Urban and Regional Land Use Dynamics: Understanding the Process by Means of Cellular Automaton–Based Models

Roger White, Guy Engelen, and Inge Uljee

in Modeling Cities and Regions As Complex Systems: From Theory to Planning Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029568
eISBN:
9780262331371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029568.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Urban growth and change are modelled by a constrained CA in which cell states represent land uses. The transition rule takes into account not only the neighbourhood effect, which captures attraction ... More


Internalism Exposed

Alvin Goldman

in Knowledge, Truth, and Duty: Essays on Epistemic Justification, Responsibility, and Virtue

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195128925
eISBN:
9780199833764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195128923.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Goldman sets forth a penetrating critique of internalism: the view that what makes beliefs justified or unjustified must be internal to the subject, where internality is typically defined in terms of ... More


Could There Be Unicorns ?

Michael Dummett

in The Seas of Language

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236214
eISBN:
9780191597350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236212.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Kripke argued that there might not have been unicorns: since unicorns are fictional species, they are necessarily fictional. There are three arguments aimed at showing the fictionality of unicorns, ... More


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