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The Challenge of Affluence

Avner Offer

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199216628
eISBN:
9780191696015
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216628.001.0001
Subject:
History, Economic History

Since the 1940s Americans and Britons have come to enjoy an era of rising material abundance. Yet this has been accompanied by a range of social and personal disorders, including family breakdown, ... More


Epilogue

Josephine Mcdonagh

in De Quincey's Disciplines

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198112853
eISBN:
9780191670862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198112853.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

De Quincey finally died, after several efforts at predicting his death, on 8 December 1859 in the home which was procured by his children, and, for one who experienced living on social margins, he ... More


Techniques for surveying exploited species

E. J. Milner-Gulland and Marcus Rowcliffe

in Conservation and Sustainable Use: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198530367
eISBN:
9780191713095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530367.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter summarizes the methods available for estimating the population parameters that may be needed to assess biological sustainability, including population abundance, population and ... More


Assessing current sustainability of use

E. J. Milner-Gulland and Marcus Rowcliffe

in Conservation and Sustainable Use: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198530367
eISBN:
9780191713095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530367.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter shows how data of the types discussed in Chapters 1 and 2 can be analysed to give an indication of sustainability in the present. A wide range of possible indicator variables is ... More


Crop Pollination Services From Wild Bees

Claire Kremen

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Historically, farmers obtained pollination services from wild, unmanaged bees or made habitat modifications to attract them. Today, agriculture demands the use of managed bees, usually honey bees, ... More


The genetic and ecological context of selection

Graham Bell

in Selection: The Mechanism of Evolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198569725
eISBN:
9780191717741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569725.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter gives some quantitative information about the rates of genetic and environmental deterioration. The first section in this chapter is about history, chance, and necessity, and includes ... More


Ocean Viruses: On Their Abundance, Diversity, and Target Hosts

Joshua S. Weitz

in Quantitative Viral Ecology: Dynamics of Viruses and Their Microbial Hosts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161549
eISBN:
9781400873968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161549.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

This chapter introduces the theoretical and modeling approaches necessary to estimate (i) viral abundance, (ii) viral diversity, and (iii) virus–host interactions. Viruses are extremely abundant in ... More


Responses of Phytoplankton Communities to climate Variability

Andrea Belgrano, Mauricio Lima, Nils Chr. Stenseth, and Odd Lindahl

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter presents a general statistical approach to studying changes in phytoplankton species abundance in relation to climate variability. It then applies this method to an example where changes ... More


The Mating System of Symbiotic Crustaceans: A Conceptual Model Based on Optimality and Ecological Constraints

J. Antonio Baeza and Martin Thiel

in Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter proposes a conceptual model predicting the mating system of symbiotic crustaceans. It assumes that males and females have different optimal mating strategies which they attempt to attain ... More


Arctic foxes: Consequences of resource predictability in the Arctic fox—two life history strategies

Anders Angerbjörn, Pall Hersteinsson, and Magnus Tannerfeldt

in The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515562
eISBN:
9780191705632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515562.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines the life history characteristics of two Arctic fox populations, a relatively stable one in Iceland and a fluctuating one in Sweden. Intraspecific variation in reproductive and ... More


Swift and kit foxes: Comparative ecology and conservation priorities of swift and kit foxes

Axel Moehrenschlager, Brian L. Cypher, Katherine Ralls, Rurik List, and Marsha A. Sovada

in The Biology and Conservation of Wild Canids

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515562
eISBN:
9780191705632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515562.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Swift foxes and kit foxes are found in the relatively flat, arid regions of North America. Swift and kit foxes are phenotypically similar, although kit foxes have slightly longer, less rounded ears ... More


Bioinformatic approaches to the analysis of alternative splicing variants in cancer biology

Lue Ping Zhao, Jessica Andriesen, and Wenhong Fan

in Statistics and Informatics in Molecular Cancer Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199532872
eISBN:
9780191714467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532872.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Biostatistics

This chapter discusses the use of bioinformatic methods to analyze alternative splicing and investigate its role in cancer biology. A brief introduction to alternative splicing is followed by a ... More


The Modernization of Thrift

T. J. Jackson Lears

in Thrift and Thriving in America: Capitalism and Moral Order from the Puritans to the Present

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199769063
eISBN:
9780199896851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199769063.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter discusses the new managerial thrift which emphasized “efficiency” as a means to higher productivity. This shift reemphasizes the movement toward a new psychology of “abundance” that ... More


The Model as Monster

David L. Strayer

in Freshwater Mussel Ecology: A Multifactor Approach to Distribution and Abundance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255265
eISBN:
9780520942523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255265.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter considers what would be required to build a mechanistic understanding of one specific ecological problem: that of predicting the distribution and abundance of freshwater unionoid ... More


Competitive Industrialization with Natural Resource Abundance: Malaysia

Mahani. Zainal Abidin

in Resource Abundance and Economic Development

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199275786
eISBN:
9780191602160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199275785.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines the main differences between the development of Malaysia and that of other small resource-abundant countries that did not achieve competitive industrialisation. It discusses the ... More


Words on Words

Anthony Quinton

in Of Men and Manners: Essays Historical and Philosophical

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694556
eISBN:
9780191731938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694556.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses the following topics: how the nature of one's ideas about religion is strongly conditioned by the words in which they are expressed; the rhetorical abundance of Americans; the ... More


Maximum Entropy and Ecology: A Theory of Abundance, Distribution, and Energetics

John Harte

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199593415
eISBN:
9780191774614
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593415.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

A goal of every science is comprehensive theory that is predictive, realistic, and parsimonious. Is such theory possible in ecology? The sheer complexity, historical contingency, and scale-dependence ... More


Green Political Economy II: Solidarity and Sharing

John Barry

in The Politics of Actually Existing Unsustainability: Human Flourishing in a Climate-Changed, Carbon Constrained World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199695393
eISBN:
9780191738982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695393.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter looks at the importance of the values and practices of solidarity and sharing as a mode of economic production and consumption, often typically expressed in the ‘social economy’—in part ... More


Populations: Density and Breeding Success

Carolyn M. King and Roger A. Powell

in The Natural History of Weasels and Stoats: Ecology, Behavior, and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195322712
eISBN:
9780199894239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322712.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

All methods of estimating density of weasels are difficult to verify, largely because the study area has to be large and many individuals will escape detection. Systematic trapping, footprint ... More


Species diversity

Russell Lande, Steinar Engen, and Bernt-Erik SÆther

in Stochastic Population Dynamics in Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525257
eISBN:
9780191584930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525257.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter introduces the species abundance distribution in a community or random sample. It describes statistical procedures that account for sampling variance in the estimated abundance of each ... More


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