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Fundamental Concepts in Phonology: Sameness and Difference

Ken Lodge

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748625659
eISBN:
9780748671410
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625659.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

An investigation of the criteria needed to determine sameness and difference in the classification of items of phonological relevance. Reliance on phonetic substance and meaningful contrast as the ... More


19–20 Months Emerging Skills

MARILYN SHATZ

in A Toddler’s Life: Becoming a Person

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195099232
eISBN:
9780199846863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195099232.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the activities, cognitive development, and learning progress of Ricky when he was between 19–20 months old. At this stage, Ricky's knowledge was piecemeal because while it was ... More


Phonetic Implementation and Abstractness

Ken Lodge

in Fundamental Concepts in Phonology: Sameness and Difference

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748625659
eISBN:
9780748671410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625659.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

The relationship between underlying phonological representations and phonetic realization is explored. Specific examples of the features: advanced tongue root, sonority, liquid and tenseness are ... More


Declarative Phonology: an Alternative Set of Proposals

Ken Lodge

in Fundamental Concepts in Phonology: Sameness and Difference

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748625659
eISBN:
9780748671410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625659.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

An alternative to the standard views of phonology is presented, to take into account the critical issues raised in the preceding chapters. Declarative phonology is polysystemic, non-segmental and ... More


Language Down the Garden Path: The Cognitive and Biological Basis for Linguistic Structures

Montserrat Sanz, Itziar Laka, and Michael K. Tanenhaus (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199677139
eISBN:
9780191756368
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677139.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

The distinction between competence (the knowledge of language that a speaker holds) and performance (the mechanisms involved in processing language) was a cornerstone of research in the 1960s. In ... More


On abstraction and language universals

Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini

in Language Down the Garden Path: The Cognitive and Biological Basis for Linguistic Structures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199677139
eISBN:
9780191756368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677139.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

The author of this chapter addresses the question of whether language universals are caused or uncaused. He reviews the conservativity property of determiners―a true language universal unexplainable ... More


The epicenter of linguistic behavior

Edward P. Stabler

in Language Down the Garden Path: The Cognitive and Biological Basis for Linguistic Structures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199677139
eISBN:
9780191756368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677139.003.0018
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Bever calls grammar “the epicenter of all language behavior” but observes that the relation between grammar and models of linguistic behavior remains unclear. This chapter reviews some major advances ... More


Some issues in current language acquisition research

Jacques Mehler

in Language Down the Garden Path: The Cognitive and Biological Basis for Linguistic Structures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199677139
eISBN:
9780191756368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677139.003.0021
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter reviews research that has refined our knowledge of the mind of the neonate by progressively reducing the age of the subjects under study. Throughout the decades, it had become clear that ... More


A Bayesian evaluation of the cost of abstractness

Ewan Dunbar, Brian Dillon, and William J. Idsardi

in Language Down the Garden Path: The Cognitive and Biological Basis for Linguistic Structures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199677139
eISBN:
9780191756368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677139.003.0022
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter argues that opaque phonological analyses based on abstract elements can be justified by employing domain-general reasoning. The authors treat abstractness in phonology from a Bayesian ... More


The source of H1

Hiroto Uchihara

in Tone and Accent in Oklahoma Cherokee

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198739449
eISBN:
9780191802393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198739449.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Phonetics / Phonology

A glottal stop is the source of one type of high tone, H1. First, §7.1 discusses evidence for the analysis that H1 comes from a glottal stop, and argues that there is sufficient phonological evidence ... More


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