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Double-Effect Reasoning: Doing Good and Avoiding Evil

T. A. Cavanaugh

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272198
eISBN:
9780191604157
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272190.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Consequentialists oppose while absolutists and deontologists rely upon double-effect reasoning (DER) to address hard cases in which good inextricably binds with evil (such as destroying a legitimate ... More


Good Knowledge, Bad Knowledge: On Two Dogmas of Epistemology

Stephen Hetherington

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199247349
eISBN:
9780191697654
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247349.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Philosophers have long inquired into the nature and even the possibility of human knowledge. This book identifies two mistaken assumptions that have fundamentally shaped that tradition of ... More


Lordship, Kingship, and Empire: The Idea of Monarchy 1400-1525 (The Carlyle Lectures 1988)

J. H. Burns

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202066
eISBN:
9780191675133
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202066.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This is a study of the ideology of monarchy in late medieval Europe. In the 15th and early 16th centuries, European monarchies faced a series of crises and conflicts, which gave rise to intense ... More


Part II—Introduction

Yuval Ginbar

in Why Not Torture Terrorists?: Moral, Practical, and Legal Aspects of the "Ticking Bomb" Justification for Torture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199540914
eISBN:
9780191716256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540914.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter introduces Part II, examining the ticking bomb question as one of public, practical, morality in the real world, namely whether it is morally justifiable for democratic states facing ... More


Sovereignty and the Sword: Harrington, Hobbes, and Mixed Government in the English Civil Wars

Arihiro Fukuda

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206835
eISBN:
9780191677328
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206835.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Political History

The English civil wars of the mid-seventeenth century produced two political thinkers of genius: Thomas Hobbes and James Harrington. They are known today as spokesmen of opposite positions, Hobbes of ... More


Regimes: Europe, Islam, and Byzantium

Antony Black

in The West and Islam: Religion and Political Thought in World History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199533206
eISBN:
9780191714498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533206.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The ideology of sacred monarchy prevailed in all three cultures, absolutism in Byzantium and Islam. Monarchs had a duty to rule justly, which in Islam meant according to the Shari'a. European views ... More


Pluralism and Difference: A Genealogy of Multiplicity

David Schlosberg

in Environmental Justice and the New Pluralism: The Challenge of Difference for Environmentalism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256419
eISBN:
9780191600203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256411.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

An examination is made of a genealogy of pluralist approaches to multiplicity and difference in the twentieth century, starting with William James (1976 [1912], 1977 [1909]), who began his study of ... More


An Intervener's Conduct: Humanitarian Intervention and <i>Jus in Bello</i>

James Pattison

in Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility To Protect: Who Should Intervene?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199561049
eISBN:
9780191722318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561049.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter defends the moral importance of an intervener's fidelity to the principles to jus in bello (principles of just conduct in war). It begins by outlining the particular principles of ... More


The Birth of Soviet Biopolitics

Stephen J. Collier

in Post-Soviet Social: Neoliberalism, Social Modernity, Biopolitics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148304
eISBN:
9781400840427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148304.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter outlines the developments against which one can understand the emergence of Soviet city-building—painting a picture of successive formations of government from Petrine absolutism to ... More


Mesopotamia, Assyria, Babylon

Antony Black

in A World History of Ancient Political Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199281695
eISBN:
9780191713101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281695.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In Sumer government, religion, and culture were based on city-states, ruled by kings who were personally chose by the city god. Unlike Egypt, supreme authority circulated from city to city. Royal ... More


The Hubris of Absolutism

David E. Cooper

in The Measure of Things: Humanism, Humility, and Mystery

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199235988
eISBN:
9780191696688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235988.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter assesses the charge of humanism against absolutism. For the typical absolutist, they have the capacity to provide an account of the world that is both true and clean. This claim, in the ... More


The End of a Golden Age or the Implosion of a False Absolutism? The Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia from Absolutism to Revolution, 1685–1814

Michael Broers

in The Crisis of the Absolute Monarchy: France from Old Regime to Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265383
eISBN:
9780191760433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265383.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

On the eve of the French Revolution, there were few more truly ‘absolutist’ states than the lands of the House of Savoy. Yet there were also few as predicated on rule by educated meritocracy or ... More


Languages of Community: The Jewish Experience in the Czech Lands

Hillel Kieval

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520214101
eISBN:
9780520921160
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520214101.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book examines the contours and distinctive features of Jewish experience in the lands of Bohemia and Moravia (the present-day Czech Republic), from the late eighteenth to the late twentieth ... More


Markets and States

Regina Grafe

in Distant Tyranny: Markets, Power, and Backwardness in Spain, 1650-1800

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144849
eISBN:
9781400840533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144849.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter focuses on the dominant political economy models that try to explain the relation between markets and states in Europe's early modern economies. Placed into the context of Spanish ... More


Distant Tyranny: The Historic Territories

Regina Grafe

in Distant Tyranny: Markets, Power, and Backwardness in Spain, 1650-1800

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144849
eISBN:
9781400840533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144849.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses how domestic market integration in Spain was much slower than it's integration with the international economy over the long run, and its progress was regionally extremely ... More


Three Territorial State Experiences

David Stasavage

in States of Credit: Size, Power, and the Development of European Polities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140575
eISBN:
9781400838875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140575.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines public credit and political representation in three European territorial states: France, Castile, and Holland. It tackles the following question: If having a representative ... More


Bellarmine and the Oath of Allegiance

Stefania Tutino

in Empire of Souls: Robert Bellarmine and the Christian Commonwealth

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199740536
eISBN:
9780199894765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740536.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the impact of Bellarmine’s theory in the debate over the Oath of Allegiance, promulgated by James Stuart in 1606. James’s attempt to shift the boundaries of the sovereign’s ... More


Whole Life Satisfaction Concepts of Happiness

Fred Feldman

in What Is This Thing Called Happiness?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571178
eISBN:
9780191722547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571178.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The most popular concepts of happiness among psychologists are ones according to which happiness is “satisfaction with life as a whole”. There are hundreds of non‐equivalent forms of Whole Life ... More


Enacting Judgment: Dismantling the Divine Certainty of Sir Robert Filmer

Douglas John Casson

in Liberating Judgment: Fanatics, Skeptics, and John Locke's Politics of Probability

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144740
eISBN:
9781400836888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144740.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers how Locke's extensive attack on Robert Filmer in the First Treatise is just one part of his larger political project of recoining a language of probable judgment. The specific ... More


Introduction

Leslie Tuttle

in Conceiving the Old Regime: Pronatalism and the Politics of Reproduction in Early Modern France

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195381603
eISBN:
9780199870295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381603.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Political History

The introduction sets out the contexts for understanding the early modern French state's decision to intervene proactively in its subjects' reproductive lives. It defines pronatalism, a terms that ... More


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