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Pre‐industrial Europe

Andreas Osiander

in Before the State: Systemic Political Change in the West from the Greeks to the French Revolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198294511
eISBN:
9780191717048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198294511.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In the late pre-Reformation period, re-urbanization and increasing monetization impacting on what had become a profoundly rural civilization gave rise to political structures markedly different from ... More


From Servant of the King to ‘Idol of the Nation’: The Breakdown of Personal Monarchy in Louis XVI’s France

Julian Swann

in The Crisis of the Absolute Monarchy: France from Old Regime to Revolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265383
eISBN:
9780191760433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265383.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The absolute monarchy was a personal monarchy and during the reign of Louis XIV, the king established a tradition that the king should act as his ‘own first minister’, coordinating the work of his ... More


The Crisis of the Absolute Monarchy: France from Old Regime to Revolution

Julian Swann and Joël Félix (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265383
eISBN:
9780191760433
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265383.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

For generations of historians, 1789 was a defining moment in world history and it has been said to mark, amongst other things, the triumph of the bourgeoisie, the birth of modernity, the rise of ... More


The Shaping of Absolutism: Spain

J. H. Burns

in Lordship, Kingship, and Empire: The Idea of Monarchy 1400-1525 (The Carlyle Lectures 1988)

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202066
eISBN:
9780191675133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202066.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Spain's contribution to political thinking in the late medieval and early modern period is something paradoxical. In and after the 16th century, the united kingdom of Spain was regarded as one of the ... More


The True Law of Kingship: Concepts of Monarchy in Early-Modern Scotland

J. H. Burns

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203841
eISBN:
9780191676017
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203841.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

‘Fear God, honour the king’. Sixteenth-century people were supposed to do both. But what was the king entitled to command? And what if he ordered one thing and God's law said another? This book ... More


War and Absolutism, 1648–1660

Paul Douglas Lockhart

in Denmark, 1513–1660: The Rise and Decline of a Renaissance Monarchy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271214
eISBN:
9780191709616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271214.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter discusses the problems faced by the new regime following Christian IV's death. Topics covered include the aristocratic reaction to the transfer of power from Christian to Duke Frederik, ... More


Beyond Debate: Venality in the Public Mind

William Doyle

in Venality: The Sale of Offices in Eighteenth-Century France

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205364
eISBN:
9780191676598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205364.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The growth of venality in France was accompanied at every stage by public controversy. In 1688, as Louis XIV prepared to launch a war whose costs would push the sale of public offices to its greatest ... More


The Death of Government by Consensus, 1630–1648

Paul Douglas Lockhart

in Denmark, 1513–1660: The Rise and Decline of a Renaissance Monarchy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271214
eISBN:
9780191709616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271214.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter discusses how Christian IV's reign constituted an important precursor to the establishment of hereditary, absolute monarchy in Denmark. The political dysfunction of the period 1629-48 ... More


Locke and the Dictatorship of the Bourgeoisie

Alan Ryan

in The Making of Modern Liberalism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148403
eISBN:
9781400841950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148403.003.0028
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines John Locke's doctrine that “the great and chief end therefore, of Mens uniting into Commonwealths, and putting themselves under Government, is the Preservation of their ... More


Politics and History

John Mair and Hector Boece

in The True Law of Kingship: Concepts of Monarchy in Early-Modern Scotland

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203841
eISBN:
9780191676017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203841.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter deals with John Mair's and Hector Boece's interpretations of Scotland. Because of Mair's conception of his native task as a historian, this entails close attention to the interaction of ... More


Precursors and Premonitions

John Lynch

in Caudillos in Spanish America 1800–1850

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198211358
eISBN:
9780191678189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198211358.003.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Caudillos and dictators have tended to occupy centre stage of Spanish American history, frequent actors in government, recurring heroes of society. The term ‘caudillo’ hardly entered the political ... More


Introduction

Julian Swann

in Exile, Imprisonment, or Death: The Politics of Disgrace in Bourbon France, 1610-1789

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198788690
eISBN:
9780191830778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788690.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The introductory chapter defines the concept of political disgrace as it was understood under the Bourbon monarchy and sets out the principal themes of the book. Why was the rebellious French ... More


Matthew Hale

in Shaping the Common Law: From Glanvill to Hale, 1188-1688

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804757140
eISBN:
9780804779593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804757140.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the life and works of Sir Matthew Hale, whose The History of the Common Law was the work of a committed Christian who avoided sectarian disputes; of a great advocate who, amid ... More


Conclusion

Arlette Jouanna

in The Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre: The Mysteries of a Crime of State

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719097553
eISBN:
9781781708880
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097553.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The Massacre ended Protestant hopes for a Protestant France. It was a real turning-point in France’s religious as well as political history, as many Huguenots reverted to Catholicism, the religion of ... More


Exile, Imprisonment, or Death: The Politics of Disgrace in Bourbon France, 1610-1789

Julian Swann

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198788690
eISBN:
9780191830778
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198788690.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Between the assassination of Henri IV in 1610 and the French Revolution of 1789, thousands of French nobles, including members of the royal family, courtiers, bishops, generals, and judges suffered ... More


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