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 Malady

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter introduces the technical term “malady” as a genus term that includes as species: diseases, disorders, injuries, allergies, illnesses, etc., and can be taken as meaning that something is ... More


Spinal Cord Dysfunction: Volume II: Intervention and Treatment

L. S. Illis (ed.)

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192617873
eISBN:
9780191724312
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192617873.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This is the second in a series of books dealing with the enormous clinical problem of spinal-cord dysfunction. Volume I discussed assessment; this book focuses on intervention. There are three main ... More


Humans: a species beyond limits

Charles W. Fowler

in Systemic Management: Sustainable Human Interactions with Ecosystems and the Biosphere

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199540969
eISBN:
9780191716249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540969.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter examines what is necessary to fulfill the requirements of management, specifically that of avoiding abnormal human participation within ecosystems and the biosphere. This chapter also ... More


Rethinking English Homicide Law

Andrew Ashworth and Barry Mitchell (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198299158
eISBN:
9780191685637
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299158.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The law of homicide is probably the most high-profile area of the criminal law, and yet in recent years it has been relatively neglected by law-reform agencies. This book brings together six English ... More


A Thousand Friends of Frogs: Its Origins

Tony P. Murphy

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0051
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

In 1995, large numbers of malformed frogs were discovered in Minnesota. Images of frogs with gross abnormalities were broadcast on national news programs and printed in newspapers across the country. ... More


Manifest Madness: Mental Incapacity in the Criminal Law

Arlie Loughnan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199698592
eISBN:
9780191738883
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199698592.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Whether it is a question of the age below which a child cannot be held liable for their actions, or the attribution of responsibility to defendants with mental illnesses, mental incapacity is a ... More


The Descriptive Inaccuracy of the Harm-within-the-Risk Analysis as Measuring Proximate Causation

Michael S. Moore

in Causation and Responsibility: An Essay in Law, Morals, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199256860
eISBN:
9780191719653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256860.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter argues that as applied to any crimes or torts, not just those of negligence, the harm within the risk test does not address the issues that tests of proximate causation do and should ... More


Clinical profile: Diagnosis and prognosis

Kay Metcalfe

in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.003.0034
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes the clinical profile of Williams syndrome (WS) to illustrate how atypical development proceeds in WS. It covers physical appearance, cardiovascular abnormalities ... More


Scientific Understanding of Eating Disorder s

Simona Giordano

in Understanding Eating Disorders: Conceptual and Ethical Issues in the Treatment of Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199269747
eISBN:
9780191603129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269742.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores the organic basis of eating disorders, and discusses whether eating disorders are a form of addiction. Gene variations seem to be involved in both anorexia and bulimia nervosa. ... More


Structural imaging and neuropathological correlates of memory in epilepsy

Mark Richardson

in Epilepsy and Memory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580286
eISBN:
9780191739408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580286.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter presents a narrative review of studies examining the effects of regional brain abnormalities on memory function in epilepsy. Studies were selected for review if pre-operative epilepsy ... More


Cancer biology

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0002
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Malignant cells differ from normal tissues in a number of fundamental properties. The malignancy in cells is a result of the changes in the genetic make-up of the cells. Changes in the sequences of ... More


Respiratory muscle function in breathlessness

Michael I. Polkey

in Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses the function of respiratory muscles and their interaction with the respiratory system in health and disease. Dyspnoea generally occurs when the load on the respiratory muscle ... More


Confronting Notions of Normalcy

Gay Becker

in The Elusive Embryo: How Women and Men Approach New Reproductive Technologies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520224308
eISBN:
9780520925243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520224308.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter discusses medical treatment that heightens women's and men's sense of abnormality and locates it in the body. It also describes infertility, which is the failure to conceive within ... More


Oxygen in the palliation of breathlessness

Anna Spathis, Rosemary Wade, and Sara Booth

in Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.003.0012
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses the use of oxygen in the palliative management of breathlessness. In the hospital setting, supplemental oxygen is commonly used in the palliation of dyspnoea. Since the primary ... More


Monstrous Births and Credible Reports: Portents, Texts, and Testimonies

David. Cressy

in Travesties and Transgressions in Tudor and Stuart England: Tales of Discord and Dissension

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198207818
eISBN:
9780191677809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207818.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter pursues the themes of natural and supernatural childbirth by examining popular broadsheets and pamphlets from the mid-16th to the early 17th century. Often luridly illustrated and laden ... More


Antenatal and Neonatal Screening

Nicholas Wald and Ian Leck (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192628268
eISBN:
9780191723605
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628268.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The options in antenatal and neonatal care are legion. Preferences still tend to be subjective. In spite of much publicity that has raised public expectation, an up-to-date thorough evaluation of ... More


Summary and conclusions

Nicholas J. Wade and Benjamin W. Tatler

in The Moving Tablet of the Eye: The origins of modern eye movement research

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198566175
eISBN:
9780191584954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566175.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter summarizes the emergence of methods for measuring eye movements, drawing attention to the distinction between eye movement and eye position as well as between saccadic and pursuit eye ... More


Ultrasound scanning for congenital abnormalities

Nicholas Wald, Anne Kennard, Alan Donnenfeld, and Ian Leck

in Antenatal and Neonatal Screening

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192628268
eISBN:
9780191723605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628268.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter evaluates the value of ultrasound scanning both as a screening and a diagnostic test for fetal abnormalities, considering published evidence of ultrasound scanning performance, natural ... More


Amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling

Christine Gosden, Ann Tabor, Ian Leck, Adrian Grant, Zarko Alfirevic, and Nicholas Wald

in Antenatal and Neonatal Screening

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192628268
eISBN:
9780191723605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628268.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling (CVS) to obtain tissue of the same genetic origin as the fetus for diagnostic purposes (most often testing for chromosomal ... More


Abnormal Law: Teratology as a Logic of Criminalization

M. R. McGuire

in The Structures of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199644315
eISBN:
9780191732249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644315.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

The idea that criminalization is predominantly motivated by rational responses to norm violations has been a familiar position within legal theory. This chapter considers one set of impulses of this ... More


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