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Beyond Regression: The Need for Predictive Models

Rein Taagepera

in Making Social Sciences More Scientific: The Need for Predictive Models

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199534661
eISBN:
9780191715921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534661.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Society needs more from social sciences than they have delivered, and this book offers openings. To the society at large, quantitative social scientists presently seem no better at prediction than ... More


Group Ability Composition on World Knowledge Problems

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines group ability composition and social combination processes on world knowledge tasks. On difficult world knowledge tasks, high-ability persons performed better in cooperative ... More


The Making of Human Concepts

Denis Mareschal, Paul C. Quinn, and Stephen E.G. Lea (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199549221
eISBN:
9780191724152
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549221.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Human adults appear different from other animals in their ability to form abstract mental representations that go beyond perceptual similarity. In short, they can conceptualize the world. When and ... More


Integration Interrupted: Tracking, Black Students, and Acting White after Brown

Karolyn Tyson (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199736447
eISBN:
9780199943951
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736447.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Education

An all-too-popular explanation for why black students aren't doing better in school is their own use of the “acting white” slur to ridicule fellow blacks for taking advanced classes, doing ... More


Competency in Public Service Bargains: Wonks, Sages, Deliverers, and Go‐Betweens

Christopher Hood and Martin Lodge

in The Politics of Public Service Bargains: Reward, Competency, Loyalty - and Blame

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199269679
eISBN:
9780191604096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926967X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores the competency dimension of public service bargains, in the sense of skills, ability, or experience. It discusses four types of competency bargains: wonk, sage, deliverer, and ... More


The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations

Duncan Pritchard, Alan Millar, and Adrian Haddock

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586264
eISBN:
9780191723360
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

The three parts of the book comprise three distinct investigations under a common theme: enquiry into inter-relationships between issues about the nature of knowledge and issues about the value of ... More


Free Will and Luck

Alfred R. Mele

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195305043
eISBN:
9780199786015
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305043.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book aims to help readers think more clearly about free will. It identifies and makes vivid the most important conceptual obstacles to the justified belief in the existence of free will, and ... More


Washington’s Principles of Leadership

Mark Mc Neilly

in George Washington and the Art of Business: The Leadership Principles of America's First Commander-in-Chief

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189780
eISBN:
9780199851584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189780.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter discusses the general and business leadership principles that can be learned by understanding the life and career of General, and then later President, George Washington. It describes ... More


Aristotle's Man: Speculations upon Aristotelian Anthropology

Stephen R.L. Clark

Published in print:
1975
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245162
eISBN:
9780191680847
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245162.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Words have determinable sense only within a complex of unstated assumptions, and all interpretation must therefore go beyond the given material. This book addresses what is man's place in the ... More


The Origins and Components of Electoral Systems

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

When choosing an electoral system, the main tradeoff is between decisiveness of government and representation of minority views. With simple electoral systems, their average effect can be predicted. ... More


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