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A Priori Justification

Albert Casullo

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195115055
eISBN:
9780199786190
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195115058.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The major divide in contemporary epistemology is between those who embrace and those who reject a priori knowledge. This book aims to provide a systematic treatment of the primary epistemological ... More


A Priori Knowledge and Necessary Truth

Albert Casullo

in A Priori Justification

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195115055
eISBN:
9780199786190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195115058.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The two questions have dominated traditional discussions of a priori knowledge: What is its relationship to necessary truth? What is its relationship to analytic truth? Answering them is not ... More


A Priori Knowledge and Analytic Truth

Albert Casullo

in A Priori Justification

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195115055
eISBN:
9780199786190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195115058.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter addresses two questions: Is there synthetic a priori knowledge? Is the analytic/synthetic distinction cogent? The epistemic significance of the first derives from the assumption that ... More


Toward a Resolution

Albert Casullo

in A Priori Justification

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195115055
eISBN:
9780199786190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195115058.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter contends that proponents of the a priori face two major challenges: articulating the experiential/nonexperiential distinction, and providing supporting evidence for the claim that there ... More


Essays on a Priori Knowledge and Justification: Essays

Albert Casullo

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199777860
eISBN:
9780199933525
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777860.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

There has been a major renewal of interest in the topic of a priori knowledge over the past twenty-five years. The sixteen essays in this collection, which span this entire period, document the ... More


How Do We Know Necessary Truths?

Robert Hanna

in Kant, Science, and Human Nature

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199285549
eISBN:
9780191713965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285549.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter provides a general framework for properly understanding Kant's famous modal-epistemological slogan, ‘reason has insight only into what it self-produces according to its own design,’ in ... More


The Supporting Arguments

Albert Casullo

in A Priori Justification

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195115055
eISBN:
9780199786190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195115058.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The leading arguments supporting the existence of a priori knowledge fall into three broad categories: conceptual arguments, which offer an analysis of the concept of a priori knowledge and maintain ... More


The Possibility of Knowledge

Quassim Cassam

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199208319
eISBN:
9780191708992
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208319.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

How is knowledge of the external world possible? How is knowledge of other minds possible? How is a priori knowledge possible? These are all examples of ‘how-possible’ questions in epistemology. In ... More


Two Conceptions of A Priori Justification

Albert Casullo

in A Priori Justification

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195115055
eISBN:
9780199786190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195115058.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines two conceptions of a priori justification: (AP1) S’s belief that p is justified a priori if and only if S’s belief that p is nonexperientially justified; and (AP2) S’s belief ... More


Beyond Default Principles: Trimming the Hedges

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

in Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues against the hedged principles laid out in Chapter 6. It contends that the best explanation of the possibility of practical wisdom entails that morality can be codified. It gives ... More


The Opposing Arguments

Albert Casullo

in A Priori Justification

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195115055
eISBN:
9780199786190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195115058.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The leading arguments against the existence of a priori knowledge are addressed. The opposing arguments fall into three broad categories: conceptual arguments, which offer an analysis of the concept ... More


A Priori Knowledge

Albert Casullo

in Essays on a Priori Knowledge and Justification: Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199777860
eISBN:
9780199933525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777860.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

Kant posed four questions regarding a priori knowledge: (1) What is a priori knowledge? (2) Is there a priori knowledge? (3) What is the relationship between the a priori and the necessary? (4) Is ... More


Visual Thinking in Mathematics

Marcus Giaquinto

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199285945
eISBN:
9780191713811
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285945.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Visual thinking — visual imagination or perception of diagrams and symbol arrays, and mental operations on them — is omnipresent in mathematics. Is this visual thinking merely a psychological aid, ... More


Articulating the A Priori–A Posteriori Distinction

Albert Casullo

in Essays on a Priori Knowledge and Justification: Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199777860
eISBN:
9780199933525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777860.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

The distinction between a priori knowledge and a posteriori knowledge has come under attack in the recent literature by Philip Kitcher, John Hawthorne, C. S. Jenkins, and Timothy Williamson. ... More


Necessity

Keith Hossack

in The Metaphysics of Knowledge

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199206728
eISBN:
9780191709777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206728.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter offers an epistemic account of necessity: a fact is necessary if it has an a priori mode of presentation, contingent otherwise. The discussion proceeds as follows. Section 1 gives the ... More


Fallible A Priori Justification

Albert Casullo

in A Priori Justification

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195115055
eISBN:
9780199786190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195115058.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter articulates the requirements of fallible a priori justification. It distinguishes two senses of fallibility: c-fallibility, justification that does not guarantee truth; and ... More


Grounding Concepts: An Empirical Basis for Arithmetical Knowledge

C. S. Jenkins

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231577
eISBN:
9780191716102
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231577.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book is a philosophical discussion of arithmetical knowledge. No extant account, it seems, is able to respect simultaneously these three strong pre-theoretic intuitions: (a) that arithmetic is ... More


A Priori Entitlement

Christopher Peacocke

in The Realm of Reason

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270729
eISBN:
9780191600944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270724.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

States and defends the third principle of rationalism, The Generalised Rationalist Thesis, which holds that all instances of the entitlement relation, both absolute and relative, are fundamentally a ... More


 A Priori Entailment

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, an analogous argument in the case of the a priori entailment view is advanced. On the one hand, the mere idea of priori entailment will not answer the argument — further material ... More


The A Priori

John Skorupski

in The Domain of Reasons

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199587636
eISBN:
9780191595394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587636.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter gives a normative account of what it means to say of a proposition, of a warrant, and of knowledge that it is a priori; it then argues that all synthetic a priori propositions are either ... More


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