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 A Posteriori Entailment

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents the view that the supervenience of the experiential on the non-experiential is irreducibly a posteriori — the a posteriori entailment view. The main problem for this view ... More


Beyond Default Principles: Trimming the Hedges

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

in Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues against the hedged principles laid out in Chapter 6. It contends that the best explanation of the possibility of practical wisdom entails that morality can be codified. It gives ... More


Preliminaries

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter characterizes essentialism, and distinguishes essentialism about individuals from essentialism about natural kinds, arguing that the first does, but the second need not, involve de re ... More


Articulating the A Priori–A Posteriori Distinction

Albert Casullo

in Essays on a Priori Knowledge and Justification: Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199777860
eISBN:
9780199933525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777860.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

The distinction between a priori knowledge and a posteriori knowledge has come under attack in the recent literature by Philip Kitcher, John Hawthorne, C. S. Jenkins, and Timothy Williamson. ... More


Qualia and Sensory Content

Joseph Mendola

in Anti-Externalism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534999
eISBN:
9780191715969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534999.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the correct internalist account of perceptual experience involves four key claims, that sensory contents are qualia, that experiences of qualia are constituted in a necessary ... More


Knowledge and Modality

Albert Casullo

in Essays on a Priori Knowledge and Justification: Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199777860
eISBN:
9780199933525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777860.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

Saul Kripke claims that there are necessary a posteriori truths and contingent a priori truths. These claims challenge the traditional Kantian view: (K) All knowledge of necessary truths is a priori, ... More


Possible Worlds and the Necessary A Posteriori

Frank Jackson

in Modality: Metaphysics, Logic, and Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199565818
eISBN:
9780191722004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565818.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

W. V. Quine's famous objection to essentialism has provoked two responses. The unfriendly response is that it conflates the de re and the de dicto. The friendly response does not dispute the point ... More


Kripke on Epistemic and Metaphysical Possibility: Two Routes to the Necessary a Posteriori

Scott Soames

in Analytic Philosophy in America: And Other Historical and Contemporary Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160726
eISBN:
9781400850464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160726.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter discusses Saul Kripke’s treatment of the necessary a posteriori and concomitant distinction between epistemic and metaphysical possibility. It extracts the enduring lessons of his ... More


Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda of Naming and Necessity

Scott Soames

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145281
eISBN:
9780199833702
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145283.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

In Naming and Necessity Saul Kripke undermined descriptive analyses of names by showing that names are rigid designators; thereby telling us what their meanings are not, but not what they are. In ... More


Algorithmic Development

Peter Monk

in Finite Element Methods for Maxwell's Equations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508885
eISBN:
9780191708633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508885.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

This chapter examines the phase error problem and also shows, via a dispersion analysis, that higher order methods can significantly improve phase accuracy. Once a solution is computed it is ... More


Introduction

Georges Dicker

in Kant's Theory of Knowledge: An Analytical Introduction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195153064
eISBN:
9780199835027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195153065.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses Kant’s relation to Rationalism and Empiricism, his attempt to reduce his agenda to the issue of synthetic a priori judgments, and the overall of plan and structure of the ... More


Kripke on the a Priori and the Necessary

Albert Casullo

in Essays on a Priori Knowledge and Justification: Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199777860
eISBN:
9780199933525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777860.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

Philosophers have traditionally believed that there is a close connection between the categories of a priori propositions and necessary propositions. One widely held thesis about the nature of this ... More


A Priori and A Posteriori Knowledge

Colin McGinn

in Knowledge and Reality: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251582
eISBN:
9780191598012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251584.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

McGinn defends a causal criterion for distinguishing a priori from a posteriori knowledge. In the case of a posteriori knowledge, the subject matter of a knower's ground for believing a proposition ... More


A Criticism of A Posteriori and A Priori Arguments for a Cause of the Big Bang Singularity

Quentin Smith

in Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263838
eISBN:
9780191682650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263838.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This chapter argues against William Lane Craig's theory of causality and against a posteriori and a priori arguments for a cause of the Big Bang singularity. It highlights some prima facie problems ... More


How Deep is the Distinction between A Priori and A Posteriori Knowledge? 1

Timothy Williamson

in The A Priori in Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199695331
eISBN:
9780191758218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695331.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that, although a distinction between a priori and a posteriori knowledge (or justification) can be drawn, it is a superficial one, of little theoretical significance. The point is ... More


Adaptive finite element methods, by W. Dörfler

Klaus Böhmer

in Numerical Methods for Nonlinear Elliptic Differential Equations: A Synopsis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577040
eISBN:
9780191595172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577040.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Chapter 6 describes the idea of a posteriori error estimation and adaptive mesh refinement. The main points are the description of the adaptive finite element algorithm, its convergence and a sketch ... More


Knowledge

Colin McGinn

in Philosophical Provocations: 55 Short Essays

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036191
eISBN:
9780262340090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036191.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on philosophical issues in knowledge. Tradition insists that knowledge falls into two broad classes: a priori knowledge and a posteriori knowledge. These categories are conceived ... More


A posteriori physicalism—but not as we know it

Robert Kirk

in The Conceptual Link from Physical to Mental

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199669417
eISBN:
9780191748769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669417.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Although the much-debated question of whether the necessary connection from P to Q is knowable a priori or only a posteriori is important, a different one also needs attention: is the necessity ... More


Millian Meaning and Pseudo‐Fregean Attitudes

Scott Soames

in Beyond Rigidity: The Unfinished Semantic Agenda of Naming and Necessity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145281
eISBN:
9780199833702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145283.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

It is argued that the propositions semantically expressed by attitude ascriptions report relations to the Russellian propositions expressed by their complement clauses, and hence that pairs of ... More


Articulating the A Priori–A Posteriori Distinction 1

Albert Casullo

in The A Priori in Philosophy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199695331
eISBN:
9780191758218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695331.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The distinction between a priori knowledge and a posteriori knowledge has come under attack in the recent literature by Philip Kitcher, John Hawthorne, C. S. Jenkins, and Timothy Williamson. ... More


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