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Zhang Xuecheng Versus Dai Zhen: A Study in Intellectual Challenge and Response in Eighteenth-Century China

Ying-shih Yü

Josephine Chiu-Duke and Michael S. Duke (eds)

in Chinese History and Culture: Seventeenth Century Through Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178600
eISBN:
9780231542005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178600.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This examination of the intellectual relationship between Dai Zhen and Zhang Xuecheng (1738-1801) throws light on the inner complexities as well as tensions in the academic community of ... More


On Ethics and History: Essays and Letters of Zhang Xuecheng

Philip J. Ivanhoe

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761284
eISBN:
9780804772884
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761284.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Zhang Xuecheng (1738–1801) has primarily been read as a philosopher of history. This volume presents him as an ethical philosopher with a distinctive understanding of the aims and methods of ... More


Letter on Learning to My Clansman Runan1

in On Ethics and History: Essays and Letters of Zhang Xuecheng

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761284
eISBN:
9780804772884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761284.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the English translation of a letter written by Zhang, which contains a lengthy quote attributed to the brilliant and famous scholar Dai Zhen. The central point of the quote, ... More


On the Dao1

in On Ethics and History: Essays and Letters of Zhang Xuecheng

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761284
eISBN:
9780804772884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761284.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the English translation of Zhang's most comprehensive and important essay. Zhang understood the title yuan dao to mean both “to trace the dao or Way back to its historical ... More


Conventional Convictions

in On Ethics and History: Essays and Letters of Zhang Xuecheng

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761284
eISBN:
9780804772884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761284.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the English translation of one of Zhang's essays, which explores what it is to arrive at legitimate moral judgments. It begins by arguing that all convictions begin with doubt, ... More


Virtue in a Litterateur

in On Ethics and History: Essays and Letters of Zhang Xuecheng

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761284
eISBN:
9780804772884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761284.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the English translation of Zhang's essay offering a complement of sorts to the similarly titled “Virtue in an Historian.”. In this work, Zhang is concerned with the more ... More


Distinguishing What Only Seems to Be

in On Ethics and History: Essays and Letters of Zhang Xuecheng

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761284
eISBN:
9780804772884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761284.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the English translation of an essay by Zhang, which provides not only a subtle account of a widely condemned human failing but also echoes of his personal disappointment in the ... More


Reply to Shen Zaiting Discussing Learning1

in On Ethics and History: Essays and Letters of Zhang Xuecheng

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761284
eISBN:
9780804772884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761284.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the English translation of a reply written by Zhang to Shen Zaiting. Zhang says that learning must be aimed at personal understanding; its true goal is moral improvement. The ... More


Letter on Learning to Chen Jianting1

in On Ethics and History: Essays and Letters of Zhang Xuecheng

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761284
eISBN:
9780804772884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761284.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the English translation of a letter written by Zhang, which offers insight on the motivation and intention behind his most important essay, “On the Dao.” The letter begins with ... More


On Learning

in On Ethics and History: Essays and Letters of Zhang Xuecheng

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761284
eISBN:
9780804772884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761284.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the English translation of an essay in which Zhang continues to explore and expand upon the themes one finds in “On the Dao.” Zhang himself describes the essay as a further ... More


A Treatise on Teachers1

in On Ethics and History: Essays and Letters of Zhang Xuecheng

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761284
eISBN:
9780804772884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761284.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the English translation of an essay by Zhang, which is an explicit response to Han Yu's well-known essay with the same title. Against Han Yu, Zhang argues that the highest kinds ... More


The Difficulty of Being Understood

in On Ethics and History: Essays and Letters of Zhang Xuecheng

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761284
eISBN:
9780804772884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761284.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the English translation of one of Zhang's essays. The essay argues that really knowing a person is not a matter of being able to recognize his appearance, manner, or name, but ... More


The Principles of Literature

in On Ethics and History: Essays and Letters of Zhang Xuecheng

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761284
eISBN:
9780804772884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761284.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the English translation of one of Zhang's essays. This essay analyzes several issues that often occupied neo-Confucian thinkers. The main theme is the nature of great ... More


Letter on Learning to Zhu Canmei of the Grand Secretariat1

in On Ethics and History: Essays and Letters of Zhang Xuecheng

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761284
eISBN:
9780804772884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761284.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the English translation of a letter written by Zhang to Zhu Cangmei, which not only describes Zhang's own course of learning and specific advice to his young protégé but also an ... More


The Analogy of Heaven

in On Ethics and History: Essays and Letters of Zhang Xuecheng

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761284
eISBN:
9780804772884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761284.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the English translation of an essay, which argues for the similarity between examples of what we today would distinguish as ethical and scientific knowledge. Zhang believes that ... More


Breadth and Economy1

in On Ethics and History: Essays and Letters of Zhang Xuecheng

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761284
eISBN:
9780804772884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761284.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the English translation another of Zhang's essays. This one is organized around the distinctive and perennial theme of Confucian scholars: how does one balance breadth of ... More


Virtue in an Historian

in On Ethics and History: Essays and Letters of Zhang Xuecheng

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761284
eISBN:
9780804772884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761284.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the English translation of an essay by Zhang, which describes a distinctive aspect of his view about the more subjective side of proper historical understanding. It seeks ... More


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