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Naturalized Ontology

Mary Leng

in Mathematics and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199280797
eISBN:
9780191723452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280797.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers the question of how we are to uncover our ontological commitments, on the assumption that even our best scientific theories may include hypotheses adopted for reasons other ... More


Fixed Points and Revision Rules for Conditionals

Hartry Field

in Saving Truth From Paradox

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199230747
eISBN:
9780191710933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230747.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter looks at two ways of meeting the goal of naïvety. Yablo's is technically simpler, but involves extreme failures of intersubstitutivity of logical truths within conditionals. The ... More


More on Revision‐Theoretic Conditionals

Hartry Field

in Saving Truth From Paradox

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199230747
eISBN:
9780191710933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230747.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter explores the ‘revisionist’ theory of the previous chapter more closely. It shows how to fit it into the semantic framework of Chapter 15, and gives an alternative modal semantics as ... More


Qualia Empiricism

Joseph Mendola

in Anti-Externalism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199534999
eISBN:
9780191715969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199534999.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter gathers together the various elements of the correct internalist theory, which is called qualia empiricism. It shows how such a theory can reply to one characteristic form of private ... More


Imaginative Resistance Revisited

Tamar Szabó Gendler

in Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the puzzle of imaginative resistance, partially defending and partially refining the account presented in the previous chapter. It explores imaginative resistance as a special ... More


Nominalism Reconsidered

Gideon Rosen and John P. Burgess

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195148770
eISBN:
9780199835560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148770.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Nominalism is the view that mathematical objects do not exist. This chapter delimits several types of nominalistic projects: revolutionary programs that attempt to change mathematics and hermeneutic ... More


Causal Compatibilism

Bernard Berofsky

in Nature's Challenge to Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199640010
eISBN:
9780191738197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640010.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

For a compatibilist, a free agent is one whose decision or behavior is subsumable under appropriate psychological laws. These laws have the same lawmaking properties as laws in the natural sciences. ... More


Apriority and Existence

Stephen Yablo

in New Essays on the A Priori

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241279
eISBN:
9780191597107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241279.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Stephen Yablo, rejecting meaning‐based approaches to apriority explanation, explores the suggestion that the apriority of existence claims within the abstract sciences might be attributable to their ... More


The Yablo Paradox: An Essay on Circularity

Roy T Cook

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199669608
eISBN:
9780191760600
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669608.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book examines the Yablo paradox—a paradoxical, infinite sequence of sentences, each of which entails the falsity of all others later than it in the sequence—with special attention paid to the ... More


Qualitative Inaccuracy and Recent Objections to Conceivability Arguments

Derk Pereboom

in Consciousness and the Prospects of Physicalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199764037
eISBN:
9780199895243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764037.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 4 contends that evaluation of a number of criticisms of conceivability arguments against physicalism highlights the advantages of the challenge to arguments of this kind based on the ... More


Paradox, probability, and inductive knowledge

Krista Lawlor

in Assurance: An Austinian View of Knowledge and Knowledge Claims

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199657896
eISBN:
9780191748127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657896.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 4 looks at some paradoxes in recent epistemology that can be resolved in light of the Austinian view of assurances. The paradoxes considered are each driven by a closure principle, roughly to ... More


Introduction: Why Should We Care?

Roy T Cook

in The Yablo Paradox: An Essay on Circularity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199669608
eISBN:
9780191760600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669608.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter argues for the importance of the Yablo paradox, and motivates the chapters to follow. Particular attention is paid to the thought that our theorizing, up to now, regarding semantic ... More


Origins and Mathematics

Roy T Cook

in The Yablo Paradox: An Essay on Circularity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199669608
eISBN:
9780191760600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669608.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter presents the origin, history, and mathematics of the Yablo paradox. Careful formulations of the paradox within both arithmetic and a pointer semantics-based language are presented, as ... More


The Yablo Paradox and Circularity

Roy T Cook

in The Yablo Paradox: An Essay on Circularity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199669608
eISBN:
9780191760600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669608.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter addresses the Circularity Question. Several scholars have claimed that the Yablo paradox is, in fact, circular. The first critical task is thus to distinguish between a number of ... More


Generalizing the Yablo Paradox

Roy T Cook

in The Yablo Paradox: An Essay on Circularity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199669608
eISBN:
9780191760600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669608.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter addresses the Generalizability Question, focusing on Roy Sorensen’s idea that the pattern found in the Yablo paradox will allow for a general purge of self-reference by providing us with ... More


The Curry Generalization

Roy T Cook

in The Yablo Paradox: An Essay on Circularity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199669608
eISBN:
9780191760600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669608.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This short concluding chapter examines the connections between the Yablo paradox, the Liar paradox involving negation, and the Curry paradox involving the material conditional. A Yablo–Curry hybrid ... More


Figuratively Speaking

William Lane Craig

in God Over All: Divine Aseity and the Challenge of Platonism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198786887
eISBN:
9780191829024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198786887.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Stephen Yablo’s figuralism assumes the customary criterion of ontological commitment but denies that mathematical sentences must be read in a prima facie way. Yablo argues that abstract object talk ... More


Other Ways of Being Suspicious

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ontology Made Easy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199385119
eISBN:
9780199385133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385119.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

The easy approach to ontology is but one manifestation of a growing suspicion that something has gone wrong somewhere in ‘hard’ ontological debates. This chapter compares the easy approach with other ... More


Fictionalism versus Deflationism

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ontology Made Easy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199385119
eISBN:
9780199385133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385119.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

The easy approach and fictionalism both present alternatives to the traditional options of eliminativism and heavyweight realism, and both lead to the conclusion that something is wrong with serious ... More


Pragmatic Explanations of the Proportionality Constraint on Causation

Cei Maslen

in Making a Difference: Essays on the Philosophy of Causation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198746911
eISBN:
9780191809132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746911.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the case for a proportionality constraint on causation. A range of examples seem to show that we prefer causes to be proportional to their effects. To use Yablo and Williamson’s ... More


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