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Overall summary and future thoughts

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0020
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter summarizes the state‐of‐the‐art in the field and discusses upcoming techniques to solve and to improve the current problems.


Crystal Structure Analysis: Principles and Practice

William Clegg, Alexander J Blake, Jacqueline M Cole, John S O Evans, Peter Main, Simon Parsons, and David J Watkin (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199219469
eISBN:
9780191722516
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219469.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This book presents a less mathematical approach to X-ray crystal structure determination than is given in some detailed texts and concentrates on practical aspects. The book provides the necessary ... More


Macromolecular crystals and twinning

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Macromolecular crystal structure analyses can be severely hampered by cases of twinning or of multiple crystals. However, increasingly, twinning can readily be recognized, notably when the X‐ray ... More


Introduction

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Macromolecules are the machinery of life and their function is determined by their 3D structure. Visual observation with a light microscope is not possible as the sizes of macromolecules are well ... More


Towards research

John Jenkin

in William and Lawrence Bragg, Father and Son: The Most Extraordinary Collaboration in Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199235209
eISBN:
9780191715631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235209.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

William explored teaching problems beyond the textbooks and was encouraged by AAAS meetings and the need to nominate students for the new 1851 Exhibition Research Scholarships. Lawrence began his ... More


TOMOGRAPHY USING MAGNIFYING OPTICS

Yoshio Suzuki, Hiroyuki Toda, and Christian Schroer

in Advanced Tomographic Methods in Materials Research and Engineering

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213245
eISBN:
9780191707582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213245.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the principles of Fresnel zone-plate (FZP) optics and imaging properties of FZP microscopy in the context of tomographic application. The limitation of zone-plate optics is ... More


THREE-DIMENSIONAL X-RAY DIFFRACTION

Henning Friis Poulsen

in Advanced Tomographic Methods in Materials Research and Engineering

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213245
eISBN:
9780191707582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213245.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Three-dimensional X-ray diffraction (3DXRD) is a novel technique aimed at quick and non-destructive characterization of the individual elements within millimetre- to centimetre-sized specimens. It is ... More


Further research: X-rays and γ-rays

John Jenkin

in William and Lawrence Bragg, Father and Son: The Most Extraordinary Collaboration in Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199235209
eISBN:
9780191715631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235209.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Radioactive ores discovered in outback South Australia were found by William to contain uranium minerals, and not developed commercially until many years later. At home he welcomed the birth of a ... More


Rules Relating to Other Specific Technologies

William H. Boothby

in Weapons and the Law of Armed Conflict

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199569946
eISBN:
9780191705250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569946.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

After a brief introduction to the topic, this chapter discusses three classes of weapon for which specific provision is made in Protocols to the Conventional Weapons Convention. In each case, the ... More


The crystalline state and its study

Dennis Sherwood and Jon Cooper

in Crystals, X-rays and Proteins: Comprehensive Protein Crystallography

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199559046
eISBN:
9780191595028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559046.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter provides an introduction to the fundamental states of matter and the phenomenon of anisotropy which is attributable to the ordered solid state. Solids which possess molecular order over ... More


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