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Wu Zhao and Her Pantheon of Female Political Ancestors

N. Harry Rothschild

in Emperor Wu Zhao and Her Pantheon of Devis, Divinities, and Dynastic Mothers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169387
eISBN:
9780231539180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169387.003.0013
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book focuses on the remarkable political career of Wu Zhao (624–705), China's first and only female emperor better known as Wu Zetian or Empress Wu. In the tortuous half century of her reign, Wu ... More


Bodhisattva with a Female Body: Wu Zhao and Devi Jingguang

N. Harry Rothschild

in Emperor Wu Zhao and Her Pantheon of Devis, Divinities, and Dynastic Mothers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169387
eISBN:
9780231539180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169387.003.0012
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the efforts of propagandists to illustrate how Wu Zhao was the avatar of Buddhist devi Jingguang (Sanskrit: Vimalaprabhā). In a sutra that reached China in the sixth century, ... More


Four Exemplary Women in Wu Zhao’s Regulations for Ministers

N. Harry Rothschild

in Emperor Wu Zhao and Her Pantheon of Devis, Divinities, and Dynastic Mothers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169387
eISBN:
9780231539180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169387.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines how Wu Zhao and her rhetoricians skillfully marshaled four widowed mothers, lifted from Biographies for Exemplary Women, to the empress' considerable advantage: Lady Ji of Lu, ... More


Wu Zhao as the Late Seventh-Century Avatar of Primordial Goddess Nüwa

N. Harry Rothschild

in Emperor Wu Zhao and Her Pantheon of Devis, Divinities, and Dynastic Mothers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169387
eISBN:
9780231539180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169387.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the role of mother-creator Nüwa in Wu Zhao's assemblage of female political ancestors. In Han mortuary iconography, Nüwa is often paired with a male divinity, her ... More


Sanctifying Luoyang: The Luo River Goddess and Wu Zhao

N. Harry Rothschild

in Emperor Wu Zhao and Her Pantheon of Devis, Divinities, and Dynastic Mothers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169387
eISBN:
9780231539180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169387.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the role of Consort Fu (Fufei), the goddess of the Luo River, in magnifying Wu Zhao's political authority as emperor of China. Luoyang, situated in the middle of the Yellow ... More


The Queen Mother of the West and Wu Zhao

N. Harry Rothschild

in Emperor Wu Zhao and Her Pantheon of Devis, Divinities, and Dynastic Mothers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169387
eISBN:
9780231539180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169387.003.0008
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter explores the role played by the Queen Mother of the West in amplifying Wu Zhao's political authority. From an array of different ancient directional goddesses who appear on Shang oracle ... More


The Mother of Qi and Wu Zhao: Connecting to Antiquity, Elevating Mount Song

N. Harry Rothschild

in Emperor Wu Zhao and Her Pantheon of Devis, Divinities, and Dynastic Mothers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169387
eISBN:
9780231539180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169387.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the role played by the Woman of Tushan in Wu Zhao's political rise. In the second chapter of Sima Qian's Records of the Grand Historian, Qi was the son of Yu the Great, ... More


Wenmu and Wu Zhao: Two Mothers of Zhou

N. Harry Rothschild

in Emperor Wu Zhao and Her Pantheon of Devis, Divinities, and Dynastic Mothers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169387
eISBN:
9780231539180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169387.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter explores how Taisi, the spouse of Zhou dynasty founder King Wen and the mother of King Wu, generated an exalted stature and political legitimacy for Wu Zhao. Mother Wen's role as one of ... More


Dharma Echoes of Mother Māyā in Wu Zhao

N. Harry Rothschild

in Emperor Wu Zhao and Her Pantheon of Devis, Divinities, and Dynastic Mothers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169387
eISBN:
9780231539180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169387.003.0011
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the role played by Buddhism in the complex machinations of Wu Zhao's political legitimation, with particular emphasis on the nature and political utility of her carefully ... More


Emperor Wu Zhao and Her Pantheon of Devis, Divinities, and Dynastic Mothers

Norman Rothschild

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169387
eISBN:
9780231539180
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169387.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book looks at the reign of Wu Zhao (624–705), better known as Wu Zetian or Empress Wu, the only woman to have ruled China over the course of its 5,000-year history. It asks how she rose to power ... More


Conclusions

N. Harry Rothschild

in Emperor Wu Zhao and Her Pantheon of Devis, Divinities, and Dynastic Mothers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169387
eISBN:
9780231539180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169387.003.0014
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book has explored the role played by female divinities, dynastic mothers, and eminent women of different ideological backgrounds—complementing rather than replacing a time-honored congregation ... More


The Mother of Laozi and Wu Zhao: From One Grand Dowager to Another

N. Harry Rothschild

in Emperor Wu Zhao and Her Pantheon of Devis, Divinities, and Dynastic Mothers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169387
eISBN:
9780231539180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169387.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter explores the role played by Mother Li, the mother of Daoist founder Laozi, in amplifying Wu Zhao's political authority. Du Guangting's tenth-century perspective shows that the mother of ... More


Rejected from the Pantheon: The Ill-Timed Rise of the Cult of Wei Huacun

N. Harry Rothschild

in Emperor Wu Zhao and Her Pantheon of Devis, Divinities, and Dynastic Mothers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169387
eISBN:
9780231539180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169387.003.0010
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the rationale behind Wu Zhao's decision not to enshrine a powerful Daoist transcendent, Wei Huacun, the Lady of the Southern Marchmount. Apotheosized as a Daoist deity, Wei ... More


First Ladies of Sericulture: Wu Zhao and Leizu

N. Harry Rothschild

in Emperor Wu Zhao and Her Pantheon of Devis, Divinities, and Dynastic Mothers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169387
eISBN:
9780231539180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169387.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the role of the silk goddess, Leizu, in magnifying Wu Zhao's political authority as emperor of China, particularly during the earlier years of Wu Zhao's rise. A daughter of the ... More


Ur-Mothers Birthing the Zhou Line: Jiang Yuan and Wu Zhao

N. Harry Rothschild

in Emperor Wu Zhao and Her Pantheon of Devis, Divinities, and Dynastic Mothers

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231169387
eISBN:
9780231539180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231169387.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter explores the role of the dynastic mother Jiang Yuan in Wu Zhao's pantheon of female divinities. Both before and after Wu Zhao, there is evidence that Jiang Yuan was widely recognized as ... More


Flouting, Flashing, and Favoritism: An Insouciant Buddhist Monk Bares His Midriff before the Confucian Court; Or Smile, You’ve been ed!

N. Harry Rothschild

in Behaving Badly in Early and Medieval China

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780824867812
eISBN:
9780824875671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824867812.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

In 695, in the Zhou court of female emperor Wu Zhao 武曌‎, Xue Huaiyi 薛懷義‎, improbably risen from male favorite of humble origins to become a Buddhist abbot, an influential ideologue, a veteran general ... More


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