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From Diagnosing Under-immunization to Evaluating Health Care Systems: Immunization Coverage Indicators as a Technology of Global Governance

Angelina Fisher

in Governance by Indicators: Global Power through Quantification and Rankings

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199658244
eISBN:
9780199949915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658244.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter explores the ways the World Health Organization/UN Children's Fund (WHO/UNICEF) immunization coverage indicators have been used, which have sometimes extended beyond their scope. It ... More


Health and disease

Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

in African security in the twenty-first century: Challenges and opportunities

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526122735
eISBN:
9781526136190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526122735.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

More often viewed as a developmental or a humanitarian challenge rather than a security challenge, addressing the vast array of African public health problems has increasingly come to be seen as a ... More


Thinking Big: Emerging Global Efforts For The Control Of Infectious Disease

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Despite the devastating pandemic of HIV/AIDS that erupted in the early 1980s, despite the failure to eradicate polio and the emergence of resistant forms of tuberculosis that came into focus in the ... More


The health system and wider social determinants of health

Rene Loewenson and Lucy Gilson

in Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.003.0080
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Health is an outcome of the circumstances of people's lives, the communities and environments in which people live and work, the nature of the social relationships, goods, and services people ... More


A New International Order in Health

Nitsan Chorev

in The World Health Organization between North and South

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450655
eISBN:
9780801463921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450655.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the World Health Organization's (WHO) strategic response to the call for a New International Economic Order (NIEO) and how it was able to contribute to the new international ... More


WHO—coordinating international tobacco control

Raman Minhas and Douglas Bettcher

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0043
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The international public health community, led by the World Health Organization (WHO), as well as other governmental and non-governmental institutions, remain committed to the containment of the ... More


Health of nations

Harry Blutstein

in The Ascent of Globalisation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784992897
eISBN:
9781526104311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992897.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

When Gro Brundtland was elected Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO), she soon discovered that she headed an organisation that had lost its way. To revive its fortunes, Brundtland ... More


HIA at the international policy-making level

John Kemm, Jayne Parry, and Stephen Palmer

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526292
eISBN:
9780191723889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526292.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines international policies on health impact assessment (HIA). Topics covered include policies of the World Health Organization, the European Community, and other intergovernmental ... More


Eudaimonistic Health: Complete Health, Moral Development, Well-Being, and Happiness

Lawrence C. Becker

in Habilitation, Health, and Agency: A Framework for Basic Justice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917549
eISBN:
9780199950454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917549.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter develops the notion of eudaimonistic health—a conception of physiological and psychological good as well as bad health. This conception of health, while similar to a much-criticized ... More


Revenue collection and pooling arrangements in financing

Di McIntyre and Joseph Kutzin

in Health Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An economic and policy perspective

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199566761
eISBN:
9780191731181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566761.003.0040
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on two of the key functions of a health sector financing system: revenue collection and fund pooling. It uses as its starting point the World Health Organization resolution ... More


Appropriate Technology, Inappropriate Marketing

Nitsan Chorev

in The World Health Organization between North and South

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450655
eISBN:
9780801463921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450655.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the World Health Organization's (WHO) policies that attempted to regulate the behavior of multinational corporations in developing countries. In particular, it discusses three ... More


Summary Measures of Population Health: Controversies and New Directions

Daniel D. Reidpath

in Globalization and Health

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172997
eISBN:
9780199865659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172997.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter offers a critique of summary measures of population health status (e.g., disability-adjusted life years and health-adjusted life expectancies) that have been promoted by the WHO and ... More


Between International and Global Health: Contextualizing the Present

Anne-Emanuelle Birn, Yogan Pillay, and Timothy H. Holtz

in Textbook of Global Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199392285
eISBN:
9780199392315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199392285.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter analyzes how wartime and postwar needs—combined with the creation of the United Nations (UN) and the World Health Organization (WHO), late imperialism, and decolonization ... More


WHO expert committees and key concepts for drugs, alcohol, and tobacco, 1949–2013

Suzanne Taylor, Virginia Berridge, and Alex Mold

in Concepts of Addictive Substances and Behaviours across Time and Place

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198737797
eISBN:
9780191801280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737797.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the role of the World Health Organization (WHO) and its expert committees in disseminating concepts around addiction in relation to illicit drugs, alcohol, and tobacco from 1949 ... More


New Rules of Engagement

Cynthia Grant Tucker

in No Silent Witness: The Eliot Parsonage Women and Their Unitarian World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390209
eISBN:
9780199866670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390209.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Endowed with her mother's dominant nature and feminist perspective, Martha May Eliot sets her sights on becoming a “social doctor.” Before graduating from Radcliffe, she spends her sophomore year at ... More


Global Health Governance Problems

Jennifer Prah Ruger

in Global Health Justice and Governance

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199694631
eISBN:
9780191862144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199694631.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, International

Global health institutions, including the World Health Organization and other United Nations organizations, the World Bank, the vast numbers of foundations, civil society organizations and other ... More


The Christian Medical Commission and the World Health Organization

Matthew Bersagel Braley

in Religion as a Social Determinant of Public Health

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199362202
eISBN:
9780199389872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199362202.003.0021
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter recounts developments in mid-twentieth-century Protestant theology and their impact on the World Health Organization (WHO). The World Council of Churches’ Christian Medical Commission ... More


The WHO in Crisis

Nitsan Chorev

in The World Health Organization between North and South

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450655
eISBN:
9780801463921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450655.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the financial, authority, and legitimacy crises experienced by the World Health Organization (WHO) due to the emergence of a neoliberal logic in the mid-1980s. It considers how ... More


Development of Human Rights through WHO

Benjamin Mason Meier and Florian Kastler

in Human Rights in Global Health: Rights-Based Governance for a Globalizing World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780190672676
eISBN:
9780190672713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190672676.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

With both the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and the World Health Organization (WHO) coming into existence in 1948, there was great postwar promise that these two institutions would ... More


Mission (Im)possible?: The WHO as a ‘Norm Entrepreneur’ in Global Health Governance

Obijiofor Aginam

in Law and Global Health: Current Legal Issues Volume 16

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199688999
eISBN:
9780191768118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688999.003.0033
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter argues that the WHO has yet to maximize its potential as an effective and efficient ‘norm entrepreneur’ in the ‘crowded’ global health architecture that is now ‘comprised of numerous and ... More


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