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Pointing at the Moon: Buddhism, Logic, Analytic Philosophy

Jay L. Garfield, Tom J. F. Tillemans, and Mario D'Amato

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195381559
eISBN:
9780199869244
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381559.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This book contains chapters by philosophers and scholars working at the interface of Western philosophy and Buddhist Studies. Many have distinguished scholarly records in Western philosophy, with ... More


The current view of personalism and its origins

Jan Olof Bengtsson

in The Worldview of Personalism: Origins and Early Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199297191
eISBN:
9780191711374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297191.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter discusses the current accounts and assessments of personalism in general and in the form of ‘personal idealism’ by historians of philosophy. It further looks at the view of the defining ... More


In Contradiction

Graham Priest

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199263301
eISBN:
9780191718823
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263301.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book advocates and defends the view that there are true contradictions (dialetheism), a view that has flown in the face of orthodoxy in Western philosophy since Aristotle's time. The book has ... More


The Philosophical Critique

Linda Martín Alcoff

in Visible Identities: Race, Gender, and the Self

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195137347
eISBN:
9780199785773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137345.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses the philosophical critique of identity. In order to understand the current aversion to cultural identity, one needs to retrace the development of the philosophical treatment of ... More


Nāgārjuna and the limits of thought

Graham Priest

in Beyond the Limits of Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199254057
eISBN:
9780191698194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254057.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the possible relevance of philosopher Nāgārjuna's work on contradictions arising at the limits of thought. It states that Nāgārjuna has endorsed the possibility of true ... More


Freedom and Equality: From Iqbal's Philosophy to Sen'S Ethical Concerns

Ayesha Jalal

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen, Volume 2: Society, Institutions, and Development

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239979
eISBN:
9780191716874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239979.003.0025
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

For a diehard secularist, Amartya Sen may not appear to have much in common with Muhammad Iqbal, the poet and philosopher of the East who took great pride in his Muslim identity. This chapter argues ... More


Physical and Metaphysical Understanding: Nature, Agency, and Causation in African Traditional Thought

I. A. Menkiti

in African Philosophy: New and Traditional Perspectives

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195114409
eISBN:
9780199785827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019511440X.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This essay contends that traditional African culture is largely misunderstood. It is not rooted in supernaturalism and its metaphysics are empirically grounded. Westerners should acquire a more ... More


Philosophy and Mystification

Guy Robinson

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823222919
eISBN:
9780823235513
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823222919.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book is a critical reflection on the tangles and confusions of modern Western philosophy: logical necessity, machine intelligence, the relation of science and religion, determinism, skepticism, ... More


Refining Spinoza: Moses Mendelssohn’s Response to the Amsterdam Heretic

Daniel B. Schwartz

in The First Modern Jew: Spinoza and the History of an Image

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142913
eISBN:
9781400842261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142913.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter probes the pioneering if only partial vindication of Spinoza by the Enlightenment philosopher Moses Mendelssohn (1729–1786), the first Jewish thinker for whom Spinoza served, both ... More


Conclusion

A. Raghuramaraju

in Debates in Indian Philosophy: Classical, Colonial, and Contemporary

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195693027
eISBN:
9780199080359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195693027.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter concludes with a look at the complexity of contemporary Indian philosophy and the nature of the postcolonial self. It also makes some clarifications regarding the terrain of contemporary ... More


Gandhi to Western Moral Philosophy

A. Raghuramaraju

in Philosophy and India: Ancestors, Outsiders, and Predecessors

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780198092230
eISBN:
9780199082599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198092230.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses Akeel Bilgrami, who, without exploring the exemplars from the West, be it Socrates or Christ, offers Gandhi’s views of exemplar as the way out for solving the problems ... More


Silencing the Demon's Advocate: The Strategy of Descartes' Meditations

Ronald Rubin

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758161
eISBN:
9780804779661
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758161.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book attempts to explain The Meditations (1641), a classic of Western philosophy in which Descartes tries to reach a predetermined end (“perfect certainty”) by means of a definite method (“the ... More


The Heroic Will in Eastern and Western Perspectives

John Davenport

in Will as Commitment and Resolve: An Existential Account of Creativity, Love, Virtue, and Happiness

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823225750
eISBN:
9780823235896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823225750.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter relates the concept of “heroic” or “striving” will to a positive attitude toward self-assertion prominent in certain Western thinkers and defends it against ... More


Beginnings, Definitions, Disputations

James W. Heisig, Thomas P. Kasulis, and John C. Maraldo (eds)

in Japanese Philosophy: A Sourcebook

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824835521
eISBN:
9780824870270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824835521.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This section provides an overview of Modern Academic Philosophy in Japan, with particular emphasis on disputations about terminology and the beginnings of philosophy. It first looks at the ... More


Conclusion: The Birth of Hedonism

Kurt Lampe

in The Birth of Hedonism: The Cyrenaic Philosophers and Pleasure as a Way of Life

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161136
eISBN:
9781400852499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161136.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This concluding chapter argues for a new understanding of ancient Cyrenaic ethics, including the development of the movement from Aristippus through to the mainstream Cyrenaics, Hegesiacs, ... More


Greek Buddha: Pyrrho's Encounter with Early Buddhism in Central Asia

Christopher I. Beckwith

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176321
eISBN:
9781400866328
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176321.001.0001
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

Pyrrho of Elis went with Alexander the Great to Central Asia and India during the Greek invasion and conquest of the Persian Empire in 334–324 BC. There he met with early Buddhist masters. This book ... More


The Origin of the Political: Hannah Arendt or Simone Weil?

Roberto Esposito

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780823276264
eISBN:
9780823277001
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823276264.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book explores the conceptual trajectories of two of the twentieth century's most vital thinkers of the political: Hannah Arendt and Simone Weil. Taking Homer's Iliad as the common origin and ... More


The Philosopher, As Such, and the Death Penalty

Peggy Kamuf

in To Follow: The Wake of Jacques Derrida

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748641543
eISBN:
9780748652136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641543.003.0016
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Sometime around the year 2000, Derrida expressed a dialogue that was later published with the title De quoi demain . . ., For What Tomorrow . . . In these sentences, he is categorically and rather ... More


The Philosophy of John Duns Scotus

Antonie Vos

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748624621
eISBN:
9780748652372
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748624621.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

John Duns Scotus was arguably one of the most significant philosopher theologians of the middle ages, and has often been overlooked. This book serves to recover his rightful place in the history of ... More


Subjectivity is Truth…Yet Begins in Error

Murray A. Rae

in Kierkegaard's Vision of the Incarnation: By Faith Transformed

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269403
eISBN:
9780191683633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269403.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The Philosophical Fragments begins with the question: ‘Can the Truth be learned’. Johannes Climacus, the author of the Fragments, gives an affirmative response to the question but his proposal for ... More


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