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Coal Mines as Melting Pots

Price V. Fishback

in Soft Coal, Hard Choices: The Economic Welfare of Bituminous Coal Miners, 1890-1930

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067255
eISBN:
9780199855025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067255.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The coal industry employed large numbers of blacks and immigrants. This chapter examines the extent of discrimination against blacks and immigrants in terms of wages and earnings, workplace safety, ... More


Big Band Jazz in Black West Virginia, 1930-1942

Christopher Wilkinson

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617031687
eISBN:
9781617031694
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617031687.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

The coal fields of West Virginia would seem an unlikely market for big band jazz during the Great Depression. That a prosperous African American audience, dominated by those involved with the coal ... More


“Neither War nor Peace”: West Virginia’s Reconstruction Experience

Randall S. Gooden

in Reconstructing Appalachia: The Civil War's Aftermath

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125817
eISBN:
9780813135533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125817.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

A combination of political, social, and economic circumstances made peace elusive in West Virginia at the close of the Civil War. Although historians have touched upon the political and social issues ... More


Introduction: Coal, Railroads, and the Establishment of African American Life in West Virginia

Christopher Wilkinson

in Big Band Jazz in Black West Virginia, 1930-1942

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617031687
eISBN:
9781617031694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617031687.003.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this book, which is about the history of big band jazz in West Virginia during the 1930s and early 1940s. The book investigates what brought African ... More


Administrative Costs of State Defined Benefit and Defined Contribution Systems

Edwin C. Hustead

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter compares the administrative costs of public sector defined benefit and defined contribution systems offered by the federal government and many states. Administrative expenses are ... More


African American Literary Activism in a Divided District: Storer College and the Pioneer Press of West Virginia

Sharon D. Kennedy-Nolle

in Writing Reconstruction: Race, Gender, and Citizenship in the Postwar South

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469621074
eISBN:
9781469621098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621074.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

This chapter examines the extant writing of former slaves who were among the first to achieve literacy and find a political voice in the newly created state of West Virginia through their education ... More


Comparative Prosperity Arrives: September 1933–April 1935

Christopher Wilkinson

in Big Band Jazz in Black West Virginia, 1930-1942

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617031687
eISBN:
9781617031694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617031687.003.0007
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter discusses the evidence of the comparative economic prosperity enjoyed by black Mountaineers in West Virginia following the implementation of New Deal policies as reflected in a dramatic ... More


Local and Territory Bands in the Emerging Culture of Big Band Jazz and Dance Music in the Mountain State

Christopher Wilkinson

in Big Band Jazz in Black West Virginia, 1930-1942

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617031687
eISBN:
9781617031694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617031687.003.0005
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter examines the role of local and territory bands in introducing big band jazz and dance music to West Virginia in the 1930s. It discusses the history of the local black dance band of the ... More


The Dance Repertory Played in the Coal Fields

Christopher Wilkinson

in Big Band Jazz in Black West Virginia, 1930-1942

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617031687
eISBN:
9781617031694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617031687.003.0010
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter examines the repertory of music played by the touring bands at the numerous dances for which they were engaged in West Virginia during the 1930s and 1940s. It provides evidence to the ... More


Newspapers and Radio Bring the World of the Big Bands to Black West Virginia

Christopher Wilkinson

in Big Band Jazz in Black West Virginia, 1930-1942

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617031687
eISBN:
9781617031694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617031687.003.0004
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter examines the role of radio and newspapers in bringing big band music to the attention of black Mountaineers, and in disseminating this musical culture in West Virginia. It suggests that ... More


Big Band Jazz Comes to the Mountain State: 1929–1933

Christopher Wilkinson

in Big Band Jazz in Black West Virginia, 1930-1942

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617031687
eISBN:
9781617031694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617031687.003.0006
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter examines the history of the arrival of big band jazz bands in West Virginia during the period from 1929 to 1933, and discusses the documented performances by bands based in New York who ... More


Reflections Upon Amphibian Conservation

Thomas K. Pauley

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0040
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The author began his fieldwork with amphibians in West Virginia in 1963 at the age of twenty-three, and he has spent most of his time (when not teaching) walking the mountains of West Virginia ... More


The Party Winds Down

Christopher Wilkinson

in Big Band Jazz in Black West Virginia, 1930-1942

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617031687
eISBN:
9781617031694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617031687.003.0011
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter discusses the principal forces that brought to a close in 1942 the lively engagement with big bands that black Mountaineers had enjoyed for a number of years. It suggests that this ... More


From the Coal Face to the Dance Floor:: Black Miners as Patrons of Big Bands

Christopher Wilkinson

in Big Band Jazz in Black West Virginia, 1930-1942

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617031687
eISBN:
9781617031694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617031687.003.0002
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter, which examines the connection between the work of coal miners, the major audience for jazz and dance music, and the big bands in West Virginia during the 1930s and 1940s, traces the ... More


Validating Herbert Hall’s Contention: Paul Barnes’s Gig Book

Christopher Wilkinson

in Big Band Jazz in Black West Virginia, 1930-1942

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617031687
eISBN:
9781617031694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617031687.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter provides evidence to jazz musician Herbert Hall’s claim that all jazz bands were going through West Virginia in the 1930s because the mines were in operation and everyone was employed. ... More


The Big Bands’ Audience in the Mountain State

Christopher Wilkinson

in Big Band Jazz in Black West Virginia, 1930-1942

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617031687
eISBN:
9781617031694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617031687.003.0009
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter examines the demographic characteristics of the audience for big band music in West Virginia. It offers information on the so-called Kings of Amusement, who actively participated in ... More


Whose Development Is It?

Bryan T. McNeil

in Combating Mountaintop Removal: New Directions in the Fight against Big Coal

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036439
eISBN:
9780252093463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036439.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter analyzes how West Virginia's economic development policies and practices, built on neoliberal influences, systematically favor the coal industry and fail to create a diverse economy or ... More


Power Line: Memory and the March on Blair Mountain

Richelle C. Brown

in Excavating Memory: Sites of Remembering and Forgetting

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780813061603
eISBN:
9780813051222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813061603.003.0005
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Despite its effacement from official history, the 1921 Battle of Blair Mountain entered history and folklore as the culmination of the West Virginia Mine Wars of the early twentieth century. Ninety ... More


Beginning a Community School

Sam F. Stack

in The Arthurdale Community School: Education and Reform in Depression Era Appalachia

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780813166889
eISBN:
9780813167855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166889.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter chronicles the first year of the establishment of the Arthurdale School within the Arthurdale subsistence homestead. The West Virginia Advisory Committee, whose members included a mix of ... More


West Virginia

Charlotte Adelman and Bernard L Schwartz

in Prairie Directory of North America: The United States, Canada, and Mexico

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195366945
eISBN:
9780190267759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195366945.003.0034
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides a historical background of West Virginia's prairies followed by a list of prairies by county. Each site is briefly described, followed by symbols showing site features, a brief ... More


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