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“A Mouthful of Civil Rights and an Empty Belly”: The War on Poverty and the Fight for Racial Equality

Tom Adam Davies

in Mainstreaming Black Power

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780520292109
eISBN:
9780520965645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520292109.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter explores the War on Poverty's genealogy by tracing its roots in New Deal and Cold War liberal policy making and 1950s social science research, and by revealing the gendered social and ... More


Planning The War On Poverty: Fixing the Poor or Fixing the Economy?

Frank Stricker

in Why America Lost the War on Poverty—and How to Win it

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807831113
eISBN:
9781469603575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882290_stricker.6
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on President Lyndon Johnson's War on Poverty that set in motion a series of programs such as increased spending and lower taxes to stimulate job creation, Medicare and Medicaid, ... More


Promises and Politics: Head Start Sets the Stage in the 1960s

Elizabeth Rose

in The Promise of Preschool: From Head Start to Universal Pre-Kindergarten

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395075
eISBN:
9780199775767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395075.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The creation of the federal Head Start program in 1965 put the needs of young children from poor families on the national agenda. Head Start was inspired both by research suggesting the promise of ... More


Evaluating the War on Poverty: The Conservatism Of Liberalism

Frank Stricker

in Why America Lost the War on Poverty—and How to Win it

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807831113
eISBN:
9781469603575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882290_stricker.7
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter evaluates the programs that were commonly associated with President Lyndon Johnson's War on Poverty, especially those that were implemented by R. Sargent Shriver's Office of Economic ... More


The Worst Job in the World: The Cuban Revolution, the War on Poverty, and the Secret Rebellion in Florida’s Cane Fields

Cindy Hahamovitch

in No Man's Land: Jamaican Guestworkers in America and the Global History of Deportable Labor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691102689
eISBN:
9781400840021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691102689.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores the reasons for the mass strikes among the guestworkers laboring in Florida's cane fields during the 1960s. It argues that these strikes were caused by a confluence of two ... More


Restructure or Rebel? Newark’s War on Poverty

Julia Rabig

in The Fixers: Devolution, Development, and Civil Society in Newark, 1960-1990

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226388311
eISBN:
9780226388458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226388458.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Launched with the Economic Opportunity Act in 1964, the War on Poverty poured funds into job training and mandated maximum feasible participation of poor people in crafting the programs that affected ... More


The Rise of the Public Religious Welfare State: Black Religion and the Negotiation of Church/State Boundaries during the War on Poverty

Omar M. McRoberts

in Boundaries of the State In Us History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226277646
eISBN:
9780226277813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226277813.003.0009
Subject:
History, Political History

This essay conceptualizes the War on Poverty as a period during which public religious capacities were incorporated into the institutional apparatus of the national welfare state. Such incorporation ... More


“Economic development is but a means”: The War on Poverty and Local Economic Planning

in The Problem of Jobs: Liberalism, Race, and Deindustrialization in Philadelphia

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226560120
eISBN:
9780226560144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226560144.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the launch of the local economic planning program and the War on Poverty to address employment problems in Philadelphia in the 1950s. It explains that federal anti-poverty ... More


Confronting Development

Ronald D Eller

in Uneven Ground: Appalachia since 1945

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125237
eISBN:
9780813135014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125237.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter deals with the antipoverty program and implementation of the most important provisions of the Economic Opportunity Act (EOA). It notes that not long after the passage of the EOA, critics ... More


The Hillbilly in the Living Room: Television Representations, 1952–1971

Anthony Harkins

in Hillbilly: A Cultural History of an American Icon

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189506
eISBN:
9780199788835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189506.003.0007
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Television programs featuring hillbilly characters and settings reflected both contemporary social concerns about Southern mountain people and a reaction against the Civil Rights Movement. The ... More


Introduction: Maximum Feasible Participation

Stephen Schryer

in Maximum Feasible Participation: American Literature and the War on Poverty

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781503603677
eISBN:
9781503606081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503603677.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

Focusing on the African American poet and playwright Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones), the Introduction explores links between 1950s and 1960s process literature and the Community Action Program. Baraka’s ... More


It Was a Peaceful Revolution: Johnson's Great Society and Economic Justice in Coahoma County

Françoise N. Hamlin

in Crossroads at Clarksdale: The Black Freedom Struggle in the Mississippi Delta after World War II

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835494
eISBN:
9781469601694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869857_hamlin.10
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter focuses on President Lyndon B. Johnson's War on Poverty programs. Johnson, a Texan, acknowledged the extent of southern isolation. He dreamed of a Great Society that could take care of ... More


Moynihan, the Dissenters, and the Racialization of Poverty: A Liberal Turning Point That Did Not Turn

Frank Stricker

in Why America Lost the War on Poverty—and How to Win it

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807831113
eISBN:
9781469603575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882290_stricker.8
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores the racialization of poverty in the United States during the 1930s and 1960s, with emphasis on the views of Daniel Patrick Moynihan and the so-called Dissenters. It begins by ... More


Introduction

THOMAS KIFFMEYER

in Reformers to Radicals: The Appalachian Volunteers and the War on Poverty

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125091
eISBN:
9780813135175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125091.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

During the 1960s, President Kennedy's inauguration speech challenged the youth to do something for the country. As this speech inspired many, several activists joined the Appalachian volunteers (AVs) ... More


Fighting for the High Ground

Robert R. Korstad

in To Right These Wrongs: The North Carolina Fund and the Battle to End Poverty and Inequality in 1960s America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833797
eISBN:
9781469603674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895740_korstad.9
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses the North Carolina Fund's considerable success in organizing the black poor in Durham and the Choanoke region. However, the fact remained that a majority of the poor—in North ... More


Reinventing Citizenship: Black Los Angeles, Korean Kawasaki, and Community Participation

Kazuyo Tsuchiya

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816681112
eISBN:
9781452947945
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816681112.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

In the 1960s and 1970s, the United States and Japan went through massive welfare expansions that sparked debates about citizenship. At the heart of these disputes stood African Americans and Koreans. ... More


They Could Make Some Decisions: The War on Poverty and Community Action

Greta de Jong

in You Can't Eat Freedom: Southerners and Social Justice After the Civil Rights Movement

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469629308
eISBN:
9781469629322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469629308.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the impact of the War on Poverty in rural southern plantation counties and the threat that it posed to the people in power. Direct access to the Office of Economic Opportunity’s ... More


Struggling for Political Voice: Race and the Politics of Welfare in Los Angeles

Kazuyo Tsuchiya

in Reinventing Citizenship: Black Los Angeles, Korean Kawasaki, and Community Participation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816681112
eISBN:
9781452947945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816681112.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter explains how Los Angeles activist Opal C. Jones and other African American leaders insisted on the rights of the poor to participate in the Los Angeles War on Poverty by establishing the ... More


New Thinking on Poverty after 1950

Martin Ravallion

in The Economics of Poverty: History, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190212766
eISBN:
9780190212803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190212766.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The mid-twentieth century saw a turning point in progress against extreme poverty globally. At the same time that the trajectory of poverty incidence was changing, a significant shift in economic and ... More


Introduction: When the Nation’s Eyes Were Watching Them

Karen M. Hawkins

in Everybody's Problem: The War on Poverty in Eastern North Carolina

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813054971
eISBN:
9780813053424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054971.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter introduces Craven Operation Progress, the nation’s first rural Community Action Agency (CAA), and how its experiences help to add to the standard narrative of the War on Poverty.


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