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A Critique of the Court's Free Exercise Clause Jurisprudence in the U.S. Supreme Court Case of Employment Division v. Smith

Catharine Cookson

in Regulating Religion: The Courts and the Free Exercise Clause

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129441
eISBN:
9780199834105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512944X.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The 1990 case of Employment Division v. Smith was decided against the defendants, but when analyzed using casuistry it is found to be an easy case for upholding their free exercise right. The state ... More


The War on Drugs and Mass Incarceration

Miriam Boeri

in Hurt: Chronicles of the Drug War Generation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520293465
eISBN:
9780520966710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293465.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The War on Drugs started when baby boomers entered young adulthood, and it escalated into the most intense and systemic punitive response to nonviolent criminals ever seen in modern history, fueling ... More


Hurt: Chronicles of the Drug War Generation

Miriam Boeri

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520293465
eISBN:
9780520966710
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293465.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Hurt: Chronicles of the Drug War Generation weaves engaging first-person accounts of baby boomer drug users, including the account of the author’s own brother, a heroin addict. The compelling stories ... More


Drug Trafficking and Organized Crime in Latin America and the Caribbean in the Twenty-First Century: Challenges to Democracy

Bruce M. Bagley

in Drug Trafficking, Organized Crime, and Violence in the Americas Today

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060682
eISBN:
9780813050935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060682.003.0021
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter analyzes the major trends in drug trafficking and organized crime in the region. It explores the consequences of the U.S.-led war on drugs in the Americas and provides an excellent ... More


Federal Prosecutors and the Power of the Attorney General

Angela J. Davis

in Arbitrary Justice: The Power of the American Prosecutor

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195384734
eISBN:
9780199852369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384734.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter concentrates on federal prosecutions and the unique issues and problems they present. It begins by presenting the role of the federal prosecutor. The extent to which federal prosecutors ... More


From Slavery to the New Jim Crow of Mass Incarceration: The Ongoing Dehumanization of African Americans

Steven W. Bender

in Mea Culpa: Lessons on Law and Regret from U.S. History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781479899623
eISBN:
9781479876730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479899623.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

Our progression toward humane treatment for some groups stretches across generations, illustrated in this chapter by the long U.S. history of dehumanizing and oppressing blacks from slavery through ... More


Introduction

Isaac Campos

in Home Grown: Marijuana and the Origins of Mexico's War on Drugs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835388
eISBN:
9781469601809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882689_campos.4
Subject:
History, Latin American History

Pedro Quadrado, after participating in the conquest of Mexico and receiving a grant from the Spanish Crown, became the first person to cultivate cannabis in the Americas. This book outlines the ... More


The Narcotics Era

Kenton Clymer

in A Delicate Relationship: The United States and Burma/Myanmar since 1945

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801454486
eISBN:
9781501701023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454486.003.0013
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on the issue of narcotics control. Cheap narcotics began to reach American troops in Vietnam; American cities were overwhelmed with a flood of drugs; and President Nixon declared ... More


The Great Turn:: The Transformation of Heroin and Organized Crime in the 1970s

Ryan Gingeras

in Heroin, Organized Crime, and the Making of Modern Turkey

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780198716020
eISBN:
9780191784279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716020.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Social History

The early 1970s also witnessed a series of profound shifts in American and Turkish policy on the opium trade. While Washington succeeded in compelling Ankara to impose a complete ban on opium ... More


Senate Bill 1070: Wagers of Loveand Fear at the Border

Ananda Rose

in Showdown in the Sonoran Desert: Religion, Law, and the Immigration Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199890934
eISBN:
9780199949793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890934.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the murder of southern Arizonan rancher, Robter Krentz, and how it served as a political tipping point in the immigration debate in Arizona, leading to the passing of the ... More


Analytical Conclusions: The Search for Alternative Drug Policies in the Americas

Bruce M. Bagley and Jonathan D. Rosen

in Drug Trafficking, Organized Crime, and Violence in the Americas Today

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060682
eISBN:
9780813050935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060682.003.0020
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The chapter highlights the major lessons of the volume and examines the various challenges that exist in the future. The chapter also proposes several policy options.


Drugs, Drugs, and More Drugs, 1980–1988

James M. Denham

in Fifty Years of Justice: A History of the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780813060491
eISBN:
9780813050638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060491.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the nation’s War on Drugs and how this campaign affected the Middle District of Florida during the Reagan years. After a brief discussion of the advent of the Cali and ... More


Milton Friedman, Drug Legalization, and Public Policy

Mark Thornton

in Milton Friedman: Contributions to Economics and Public Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198704324
eISBN:
9780191773761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704324.003.0025
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter discusses Milton Friedman’s writings on the topic of drug legalization and his efforts to end the “War on Drugs.” As a vocal advocate for drug legalization, Friedman brought the idea to ... More


Pulling Apart

Pamela Grundy

in Color and Character: West Charlotte High and the American Struggle over Educational Equality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781469636078
eISBN:
9781469636092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636078.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Covers the rise of Ronald Reagan and a more conservative, individualistic approach to government and society that would have far-reaching effects on Charlotte schools.Explores persisting obstacles to ... More


The FTE Sector

Peter Temin

in The Vanishing Middle Class: Prejudice and Power in a Dual Economy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036160
eISBN:
9780262339988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036160.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

The FTE sector originated in 1971 when Nixon, elected by a Southern Strategy that appealed to Southern whites, replaced Johnson’s War on Poverty with a War on Drugs. Nixon also appointed Powell to ... More


“We Have More to Fear than Racism that Announces Itself”: Distraction as a Strategy to Oppress

David Ikard

in Lovable Racists, Magical Negroes, and White Messiahs

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226492469
eISBN:
9780226492773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226492773.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, African-American Literature

In this chapter I will engage a long-standing pattern of victim blaming and the challenges it poses in the twenty-first century for asserting black humanity and acquiring justice and equal treatment ... More


American Exceptionalism in Crime and Punishment

Kevin R. Reitz (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190203542
eISBN:
9780190203566
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190203542.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

The idea of American exceptionalism has made frequent appearances in discussions of criminal justice policies—as it has in many other areas—to help portray or explain problems that are especially ... More


Conclusion

Peter Maguire and Mike Ritter

in Thai Stick: Surfers, Scammers, and the Untold Story of the Marijuana Trade

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231161343
eISBN:
9780231535564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231161343.003.0012
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This concluding chapter describes the final blow that ended the Thai marijuana trade, as the U.S. government cracked down on smuggling operations with the help of their informers. Yet despite this ... More


Resegregation

Pamela Grundy

in Color and Character: West Charlotte High and the American Struggle over Educational Equality

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781469636078
eISBN:
9781469636092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636078.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Shows how the end of busing and the advent of school choice sparked widespread resegregation, particularly in inner-city neighborhoods and outer-ring suburbs. Describes the effects of resegregation ... More


Speaking to the Spirit of the Games: Atlanta’s Rise to Olympic City

Maurice J. Hobson

in The Legend of the Black Mecca: Politics and Class in the Making of Modern Atlanta

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635354
eISBN:
9781469635378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635354.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

Chapter Five focuses on the calculated and concerted steps taken by Atlanta’s white business elite and black city government to bid for the Centennial Olympic Games. A diverse cohort of private ... More


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