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Jeff Jordan

in Pascal's Wager: Pragmatic Arguments and Belief in God

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199291328
eISBN:
9780191710698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291328.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter scrutinizes nine objections leveled against Pascal's Wager. Two of these objections are charges that Pascalian reasoning is immoral. Three might be called ‘methodological objections’, as ... More


A Clash with Democracy: Geneva and Jean-Jacques Rousseau

R. R. Palmer

in The Age of the Democratic Revolution: A Political History of Europe and America, 1760-1800

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161280
eISBN:
9781400850228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161280.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter discusses a movement of modern democratic type in Geneva in 1768, which made a positive impression on institutions of government. In the roles played by upper, middle, and lower classes, ... More


Body and Soul

Andrew Kahn

in Pushkin's Lyric Intelligence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199234745
eISBN:
9780191715747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234745.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, Poetry

This chapter returns to the intersection of poetry and ideas. It refocuses on a theory of sensibility that is an important part of the pre-Romantic legacy of Pushkin's view of individual identity. In ... More


The Bride's Story (2): Becoming an Enlightenment Woman Marie-Jeanne

Siân Reynolds

in Marriage and Revolution: Monsieur and Madame Roland

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199560424
eISBN:
9780191741814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560424.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter analyses Marie-Jeanne's determination to educate herself, she is allowed to read: works of religion, but also Plutarch and Voltaire, provided by the apprentices. After her pious mother's ... More


The Realm of Reason

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594931
eISBN:
9780191595745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594931.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

In the course of the eighteenth century, natural philosophy began to take on a new cultural standing, emerging as the paradigm bearer of, and the standard for, cognitive values. It was Fontenelle who ... More


Enlightenment Shadows

Genevieve Lloyd

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199669561
eISBN:
9780191757013
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669561.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The idea of the Enlightenment has become a touchstone for emotional and often contradictory articulations of contemporary western values. Enlightenment Shadows is a study of the place of ... More


Dream, Creativity, and Madness in Nineteenth-Century France

Tony James

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198151883
eISBN:
9780191672873
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198151883.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, European Literature

This is an important new analysis of the problematic relationship between dreams and madness as perceived by 19th-century French writers, thinkers, and doctors. Those wishing to know the nature of ... More


Toward Enlightenment: Kant and the Sources of Darkness *

J. B. Schneewind

in Essays on the History of Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563012
eISBN:
9780191721731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563012.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Many Enlightenment thinkers — Wolff, Voltaire, Hume, Condorcet, for example — think that ignorance is the source of the darkness that enlightenment must dispel. Kant does not agree. He famously ... More


The Myth of the Renaissance in Nineteenth-Century Writing

J. B. Bullen

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198128885
eISBN:
9780191671722
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198128885.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Few people who use the word ‘Renaissance’ today realize that it is a comparatively recent historical idea, or that it is a ‘myth’ or story constructed by writers to explain the past. This innovative ... More


Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750

Jonathan I. Israel

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206088
eISBN:
9780191676970
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206088.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

Arguably the most decisive shift in the history of ideas in modern times was the complete demolition during the late 17th and 18th centuries — in the wake of the Scientific Revolution — of ... More


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