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The Legacy of Twentieth-Century Philosophy of Science

Janet A. Kourany

in Philosophy of Science after Feminism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732623
eISBN:
9780199866403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732623.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter explores the twentieth-century roots of contemporary philosophy of science and its penchant for dealing with science as if science existed in a social/political/economic vacuum. It ... More


The Ghosts of Metaphysics: Logical Positivism and Disenchantment

Jason Ā. Josephson-Storm

in The Myth of Disenchantment: Magic, Modernity, and the Birth of the Human Sciences

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226403229
eISBN:
9780226403533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226403533.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Religion

Chapter 9 explores the connections between the Vienna Circle of positivism and the esoteric milieu. It shows how the founders of logical positivism, such as Otto Neurath, presented their philosophy ... More


“Indigestible Residues”: Ludwig Wittgenstein, Aesthetic Negativism, and the Incompleteness of Logical Positivism

Michael LeMahieu

in Fictions of Fact and Value: The Erasure of Logical Positivism in American Literature, 1945-1975

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199890408
eISBN:
9780199369652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890408.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

In the literary response to logical positivism, Ludwig Wittgenstein figures both as inspiration and opposition, as the philosopher of what is the case and as the poet of what is not. Wittgenstein’s ... More


Ogden and the Vienna Circle

James McElvenny

in Language and Meaning in the Age of Modernism: C.K. Ogden and His Contemporaries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474425032
eISBN:
9781474444859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474425032.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter investigates the contact and collaboration between C. K. Ogden and the Vienna Circle philosophers Otto Neurath and Rudolf Carnap, which was chiefly driven by Ogden and centred around his ... More


Scientific Practice and the Scientific Image

Joseph Rouse

in Articulating the World: Conceptual Understanding and the Scientific Image

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293677
eISBN:
9780226293707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293707.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter initiates part two, situating scientific understanding within part one’s naturalistic, evolutionary account of human conceptual capacities. Prominent earlier accounts of a scientific ... More


Introduction

Douglas Patterson

in New Essays on Tarski and Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199296309
eISBN:
9780191712272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296309.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The Introduction starts by explaining the “three” Alfred Tarskis: the pure mathematician and preternaturally clear logician and father of model theory; the most eminent member of the Lvov-Warsaw ... More


The Anti-Pragmatism of Pre-War Cambridge

Cheryl Misak

in Cambridge Pragmatism: From Peirce and James to Ramsey and Wittgenstein

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198712077
eISBN:
9780191780271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712077.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores the logical analyst theory of truth of the early Russell, and the early Wittgenstein, and the Vienna Circle. On this account of truth, complex propositions are to be analysed in ... More


On Carnap's Elimination of Metaphysics

P. M. S Hacker

in Wittgenstein: Connections and Controversies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199245697
eISBN:
9780191602245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924569X.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Carnap’s 1931–2 paper ‘The Elimination of Metaphysics through the Logical Analysis of Language’ is surveyed, and Carnap’s criticisms of metaphysics are elucidated. The relationship between Carnap’s ... More


On Strawson's Rehabilitation of Metaphysic s

P. M. S Hacker

in Wittgenstein: Connections and Controversies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199245697
eISBN:
9780191602245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924569X.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The logical positivists’ critical attitude towards metaphysics is sketched. Strawson’s conception of descriptive and revisionary metaphysics is described. Revisionary metaphysics is argued to be ... More


Language and Meaning in the Age of Modernism: C.K. Ogden and His Contemporaries

James McElvenny

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474425032
eISBN:
9781474444859
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474425032.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This book is a historical study of influential currents in the philosophy of language and linguistics of the first half of the twentieth century, explored from the perspective of the English scholar ... More


One Way to Read Ourselves

Edward Craig

in The Mind of God and the Works of Man

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236825
eISBN:
9780191597244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236824.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines central philosophical themes and doctrines of twentieth century philosophy in the light of the Agency Theory. Craig argues that despite the unpopularity of philosophical visions ... More


The Adventure of Reason: Interplay Between Philosophy of Mathematics and Mathematical Logic, 1900-1940

Paolo Mancosu

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199546534
eISBN:
9780191594939
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546534.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Mind

The book contains innovative contributions to the history and the philosophy of logic and mathematics in the first half of the twentieth century. It is divided into five main sections: history of ... More


Gödel’s Theorem: An End and a Beginning

Jan von Plato

in The Great Formal Machinery Works: Theories of Deduction and Computation at the Origins of the Digital Age

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691174174
eISBN:
9781400885039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174174.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses how Kurt Gödel found his theorem. He started to study physics at the University of Vienna in 1924, then changed to mathematics in 1926. That same year, he started attending the ... More


Trumping Cynicism with Imagination

John J. McDermott

in The Drama of Possibility: Experience as Philosophy of Culture

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823226627
eISBN:
9780823235704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823226627.003.0033
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter presents an interview with John J. McDermott. When asked about the role of philosophy in 20th century events that negatively affected millions of people, he ... More


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