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The Defeat of French manhood and the Vichy imagination

Joan Tumblety

in Remaking the Male Body: Masculinity and the uses of Physical Culture in Interwar and Vichy France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199695577
eISBN:
9780191745072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695577.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter outlines how responses to the catastrophic military collapse of 1940 cast it as proof of French physical failure, and considers how the Vichy regime, which invested more resources in ... More


Introduction: Historians and the Occupation

Julian Jackson

in France: The Dark Years, 1940–1944

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207061
eISBN:
9780191677465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207061.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the period between 1940 and 1944 known as the ‘Dark Years’. It presents five short ... More


Vichy, the Resistance, and Free France

Eric Jabbari

in Pierre Laroque and the Welfare State in Post-war France

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199289639
eISBN:
9780191730863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289639.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Despite his misgivings, Laroque contributed to the elaboration of the policies of the ministry of labour during the early months of the Vichy Regime. During this time, he helped draft the legislation ... More


The National Revolution

Julian Jackson

in France: The Dark Years, 1940–1944

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207061
eISBN:
9780191677465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207061.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the National Revolution, which defined itself first and foremost in opposition to liberal individualism that uprooted ... More


Propaganda, Policing, and Administration

Julian Jackson

in France: The Dark Years, 1940–1944

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207061
eISBN:
9780191677465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207061.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines propaganda, policing, and administration, and the ways in which the Vichy regime tried to mobilize support. Vichy set ... More


Defamation, Discrimination, and Despoliation

Thomas J. Laub

in After the Fall: German Policy in Occupied France, 1940-1944

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199539321
eISBN:
9780191715808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539321.003.0009
Subject:
History, Military History, European Modern History

At the start of the Occupation, both French and German agencies accepted the fundamental legitimacy of the so‐called Jewish Question (Judenfrage) and adopted anti‐Semitic policies of defamation, ... More


Reconstructing Mankind

Julian Jackson

in France: The Dark Years, 1940–1944

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207061
eISBN:
9780191677465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207061.003.0015
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the Vichy regime’s policy towards women and the young. The ‘reconstruction of mankind’ began with women and the young. In ... More


Vichy and the Jews

Julian Jackson

in France: The Dark Years, 1940–1944

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207061
eISBN:
9780191677465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207061.003.0016
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter looks at the experience of the Jews, examining how their fate was bound up in the interaction between the policies of the Germans, ... More


Stein’s War: “Having Faith” in Pétain (1940–1944)

Barbara Will

in Unlikely Collaboration: Gertrude Stein, Bernard Faÿ, and the Vichy Dilemma

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231152631
eISBN:
9780231526418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231152631.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter focuses on the unique wartime experience of Stein, an experience that was spent apart from Bernard Faÿ and that would ultimately distance her from Faÿ. With the French–German armistice ... More


Lawyers during the Vichy Regime: Exclusion in the Law

Julie Fette

in Exclusions: Practicing Prejudice in French Law and Medicine, 1920-1945

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450211
eISBN:
9780801463990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450211.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the Vichy regime's National Revolution, which blamed communists, foreigners, Freemasons, and Jews for the collapse of the Third Republic following the German invasion in 1940. ... More


Collaboration

Julian Jackson

in France: The Dark Years, 1940–1944

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207061
eISBN:
9780191677465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207061.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the realities of collaboration between France and Germany from 1940–1944. It identifies three different motives behind ... More


Public Opinion, Vichy, and the Germans

Julian Jackson

in France: The Dark Years, 1940–1944

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207061
eISBN:
9780191677465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207061.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter looks at the responses of the population towards both Vichy and the German occupier. It focuses on the period up to the end of 1942 ... More


Epilogue: From Vichy to the Fifth Republic: Decline or Transformation?

Avner Ben-Amos

in Funerals, Politics, and Memory in Modern France, 1789–1996

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203285
eISBN:
9780191675836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203285.003.0015
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The demise of the Third Republic could have also signaled the end of the tradition of republican state funerals. The Vichy regime tried to establish its own festive and commemorative tradition, while ... More


A Socialist in Vichy

Emanuel Rota

in A Pact with Vichy: Angelo Tasca from Italian Socialism to French Collaboration

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780823245642
eISBN:
9780823252824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823245642.003.0006
Subject:
History, Political History

On the night of September 3, 1944, Angelo Tasca was arrested by French soldiers and sent to the military prison in Clermont-Ferrand. While in jail, Tasca changed his public persona to distance ... More


Cultural Affairs under Vichy

in Defending National Treasures: French Art and Heritage Under Vichy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804770187
eISBN:
9780804777827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804770187.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter provides an overview of the arts administration under the Occupation. The Germans deliberately gave French authorities significant latitude in cultural affairs during the Occupation. ... More


Epilogue: Remembering the Occupation

Julian Jackson

in France: The Dark Years, 1940–1944

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207061
eISBN:
9780191677465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207061.003.0026
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the long battle to claim the inheritance of the Resistance, a battle which was itself only the beginning of a longer war ... More


The Debacle

Julian Jackson

in France: The Dark Years, 1940–1944

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207061
eISBN:
9780191677465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207061.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter restores the notion of discontinuity by examining the impact of the defeat of May 1940. Without defeat there would have been no Vichy ... More


Unlikely Collaboration: Gertrude Stein, Bernard Faÿ, and the Vichy Dilemma

Barbara Will

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231152631
eISBN:
9780231526418
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231152631.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

In 1941, the Jewish American writer and avant-garde icon Gertrude Stein embarked on one of the strangest intellectual projects of her life: translating for an American audience the speeches of ... More


Ralliés and résistants: Catholics in Vichy France, 1940–441

Nicholas Atkin

in Catholicism, Politics and Society in Twentieth-Century France

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780853239741
eISBN:
9781846312779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853239741.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter examines the support of Catholics to the Vichy regime in France during the period 1940–1944. It first considers Vichy's appeal for French Catholics and the Catholic Church, particularly ... More


Vichy

in Between Justice and Politics: The Ligue des Droits de l'Homme, 1898-1945

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804753173
eISBN:
9780804767873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804753173.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Following the defeat of France by Germany in 1940, the Ligue des droits de l'homme (League of the Rights of Man) ceased all operations and its members went their separate ways. Many of the League's ... More


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