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Building cyberspace: a brief history of Internet

Jon Bing

in Internet Governance: Infrastructure and Institutions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199561131
eISBN:
9780191721199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561131.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Political Economy

This chapter provides a history of the development of the Internet in terms of its infrastructure, applications, and sources of inspiration. In doing so, it portrays the chief personalities, ideas, ... More


The Adoption of Operations Research in the United States during World War II

Erik P. Rau

in Systems, Experts, and Computers: The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262082853
eISBN:
9780262275873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the adoption of operations research (OR) in the United States during World War II. Despite the relative ease with which it developed in Britain, OR generated considerable ... More


Elitism, Democracy, and Science Policy

Philip Kitcher

in Science, Truth, and Democracy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195145830
eISBN:
9780199833344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145836.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

From the perspective of well‐ordered science one can explore previous attempts to set science policy. This chapter considers three: Bacon's story of the New Atlantis, Vannevar Bush's Science: The ... More


My Documents: Remembering the Memex

Daniel Punday

in Computing as Writing

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816696994
eISBN:
9781452953601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816696994.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The opening chapter takes Vannevar Bush’s 1945 essay “As We May Think” as a tutor text that helps us to understand the transformation of writing as it moves into the age of computing. Instead of ... More


The Changing Frontier: Rethinking Science and Innovation Policy

Adam B. Jaffe and Benjamin F. Jones (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226286723
eISBN:
9780226286860
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226286860.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In 1945, Vannevar Bush published Science: The Endless Frontier and thereby established an intellectual architecture that has largely defined public science institutions and policy since. In this NBER ... More


Introduction

Adam B. Jaffe and Benjamin F. Jones

in The Changing Frontier: Rethinking Science and Innovation Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226286723
eISBN:
9780226286860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226286860.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In 1945, Vannevar Bush published Science: The Endless Frontier and thereby established an intellectual architecture that has largely defined public science institutions and policy in the decades ... More


Past is Prologue

Dennis Patrick Leyden and Albert N. Link

in Public Sector Entrepreneurship: U.S. Technology and Innovation Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199313853
eISBN:
9780190220976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199313853.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter summarizes the arguments from the previous chapters regarding the Bayh-Dole Act of 1980, the Stevenson-Wydler Act of 1980, the R&E Tax Credit of 1981, the Small Business Innovation ... More


RDX and the Army Ordnance Department

Colin F. Baxter

in The Secret History of RDX: The Super-Explosive that Helped Win World War II

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813175287
eISBN:
9780813175294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813175287.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

Skepticism by U.S. Army Ordnance authorities toward RDX, and their attitude toward civilian scientists. Scientific research staffs had limited prestige. The establishment of the National Defense ... More


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