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Expected Utility Theory/Expected Value Theory

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

The previous chapters offered a number of “impossibility” results. It was argued that certain deeply held views are incompatible, so that, seemingly, at least one of the views in question must be ... More


Overcrowded: Designing Meaningful Products in a World Awash with Ideas

Roberto. Verganti

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035361
eISBN:
9780262335829
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035361.001.0001
Subject:
Art, Design

We live in a world awash with ideas. We have become more creative, and thanks to digital technologies, we have easy access to an unprecedented amount of novel opportunities. How to make sense of this ... More


Cellular Mobile Services: The Indian Success Story

Varadharajan Sridhar

in The Telecom Revolution in India: Technology, Regulation, and Policy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198075530
eISBN:
9780199081042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198075530.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the technologies, market structure, and licensing process of cellular mobile services. It elaborates the interconnection and quality of service regulation, mobile number ... More


Conversionary Sites: Transforming Medical Aid and Global Christianity from Madagascar to Minnesota

Britt Halvorson

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226557120
eISBN:
9780226557434
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226557434.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

American Lutherans have had a longstanding foreign involvement with Madagascar through pre-colonial evangelical missions that began on the island in 1888 and continued for over a century. This book ... More


Bitter and Sweet: Food, Meaning, and Modernity in Rural China

Ellen Oxfeld

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780520293519
eISBN:
9780520966741
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293519.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This book examines the value of food in rural China through an ethnographic study of a Hakka village in Meixian, a county in northeast Guangdong Province. By examining the role of food in the lives ... More


Prerogatives and Restrictions

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The first three chapters of Part III of the book (Chs 8–10) examine the question of whether it is morally permissible to treat people in ways ruled out by the Principle of Permissible Harm (PPH; this ... More


Reducing the White-Space

Yossi Sheffi

in The Power of Resilience: How the Best Companies Manage the Unexpected

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029797
eISBN:
9780262330626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029797.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The 2011 Japanese quake affected many companies and illustrates the growing problem with deep-tier supply chain disruptions in which the suppliers of suppliers are affected. Chapter 3 examines GM’s ... More


Epilogue

Frederick C. Beiser

in Late German Idealism: Trendelenburg and Lotze

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682959
eISBN:
9780191763090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682959.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter is an attempt to appraise Lotze’s achievement. While Lotze’s critique of naturalism and materialism was successful in at least questioning these predominant worldviews, his own attempt ... More


American Baroque: Pearls and the Nature of Empire, 1492-1700

Molly A. Warsh

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469638973
eISBN:
9781469638980
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469638973.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

Patterns of pearl cultivation and circulation reveal vernacular practices that shaped emerging imperial ideas about value and wealth in the early modern world. Pearls’ variability and subjective ... More


Competing through Meaning: The Value for Businesses

Roberto Verganti

in Overcrowded: Designing Meaningful Products in a World Awash with Ideas

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035361
eISBN:
9780262335829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035361.003.0003
Subject:
Art, Design

This chapter explores why innovation of meaning is relevant for businesses. Why it is a major differentiator. How does innovation of meaning create business value? Why is it relevant in current ... More


Emerging themes

I. G. Simmons

in Global Environmental History: 10,000 BC to AD 2000

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748621583
eISBN:
9780748670765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748621583.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The topics of language and emotion cannot be ignored in their roles in environmental history. Nor can that of religions, whose powers are not everywhere and all the time eclipsed by the worldviews of ... More


Promoting Value?

Joseph Raz

in From Normativity to Responsibility

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693818
eISBN:
9780191731907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693818.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter explores some possible relations between the thesis that reasons have to do with the promotion of value and the thesis that they have to do with maximising values. Some versions of both ... More


The Green Debate: Information Optimists, Pessimists, and Realists

Graham Bullock

in Green Grades: Can Information Save the Earth?

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036429
eISBN:
9780262340984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036429.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Chapter 1 outlines the debate about the role of information in environmental politics, and reviews the arguments both for and against the use of information-based environmental governance strategies. ... More


Valuing Green: The Content of the Information

Graham Bullock

in Green Grades: Can Information Save the Earth?

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036429
eISBN:
9780262340984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036429.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Chapter 2 introduces and explores questions about the content of information-based strategies with a motivating example focused on food choices. What values are embedded in programs that evaluate ... More


Innovation in an Advanced Consumer Society: Value-Driven Service Innovation

Peder Inge Furseth and Richard Cuthbertson

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198705116
eISBN:
9780191774218
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705116.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This book aims to develop innovation theory by focusing on innovation in a consumer society. In an advanced consumer society, services dominate and are provided through digital as well as physical ... More


From Value to Lifeworld

Roy D’ Andrade

in Universalism without Uniformity: Explorations in Mind and Culture

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226501543
eISBN:
9780226501710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501710.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

The essay presents a synopsis of quantitative studies of human values across cultural groups and poses a puzzle to be solved. A quantitative study of values reveals very few “East versus West” ... More


From Containers to Contents: Branding Water

Gay Hawkins, Emily Potter, and Kane Race

in Plastic Water: The Social and Material Life of Bottled Water

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029414
eISBN:
9780262329521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029414.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter shifts from the packaging to the water. It investigates the role of branding, and the diffuse practices that surround it, in requalifying water and making it calculable. Brands are ... More


Introduction: Game On

Su Holmes

in The Quiz Show

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748627523
eISBN:
9780748671212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627523.003.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Television

The quiz/ game show has often been perceived to occupy a low place in the cultural hierarchy. The Introduction examines such perceptions, and considers why they might exist, drawing on comments from ... More


Traditions and Transformations: The Rise of German Constitutionalism

Michaela Hailbronner

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198735427
eISBN:
9780191799587
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735427.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

German constitutionalism has gained a central place in the global comparative debate, but what underpins it remains imperfectly understood. Its distinctive conception of the rule of law and the ... More


Comparative Effectiveness Research: Evidence, Medicine, and Policy

Carol M. Ashton and Nelda P. Wray

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199968565
eISBN:
9780199346080
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199968565.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Americans like to believe that the medical care we get from our doctors is based on solid scientific evidence. We hear often that American medical care and medical research are the best in the world. ... More


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