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Human Rights and Democratization in Latin America: Uruguay and Chile

Alexandra Barahona de Brito

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280385
eISBN:
9780191598852
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280386.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This book analyses the Uruguayan and Chilean experiences with the transitional politics of truth and justice regarding past human rights violations. These policies are shaped by the legacy of ... More


Truth, Justice, Memory, and Democratization in the Southern Cone

Alexandra Barahona de Brito

in The Politics of Memory and Democratization

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240906
eISBN:
9780191598869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240906.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter examines how Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Chile fared with truth and justice policies after the transition from authoritarian rule, looking at the issue from an institutional and ... More


The Effectiveness of US Human Rights Policy, 1973–1980

Kathryn Sikkink

in The International Dimensions of Democratization: Europe and the Americas

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243754
eISBN:
9780191600333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243751.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The history of US human rights policy in Latin America provides useful case studies of the interplay between ‘control’ and ‘consent’ aspects of democratization. It presents a preliminary analysis of ... More


Can a Leftist Government Make a Difference? the Frente Amplio Administration of Montevideo, 1990–1994

Peter Winn and Lilia Ferro‐Clérico

in The New Politics of Inequality in Latin America: Rethinking Participation and Representation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198781837
eISBN:
9780191598968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198781830.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

A newly reconstructed left movement within the Frente Amplio coalition took power in Montevideo, Uruguay in 1990 under the charismatic leadership of Tabaré Vázquez. It carried out extensive ... More


Developing States and the End of the Cold War: Liberalization, Globalization, and Their Consequences

Gautam Sen

in The Third World Beyond the Cold War: Continuity and Change

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295518
eISBN:
9780191599217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295510.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The first section of this chapter examines the political and economic context of change in developing countries: the two themes are the evolution of the international economy, especially since the ... More


Introduction

Alexandra Barahona de Brito

in Human Rights and Democratization in Latin America: Uruguay and Chile

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280385
eISBN:
9780191598852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280386.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Introduction is given to the subject (and structure) of the book: the analysis of Uruguayan and Chilean attempts to resolve the human rights’ violation conflicts inherited from military-state ... More


Confronting Legacies of State Repression: Uruguay and Chile in Comparative Perspective

Alexandra Barahona de Brito

in Human Rights and Democratization in Latin America: Uruguay and Chile

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280385
eISBN:
9780191598852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280386.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This is the first of two ‘stage-setting’ chapters in Part I of the book (Problems of Transitional Truth and Justice in Comparative Perspective, and Human Rights’ Violations under Military rule in ... More


The Dynamic of Military Repression in Uruguay and Chile: Ideology and Resistance to Truth and Justice

Alexandra Barahona de Brito

in Human Rights and Democratization in Latin America: Uruguay and Chile

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280385
eISBN:
9780191598852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280386.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

A comparative examination is made of the breakdown of democratic rule, the repression, and the justification for the methods used by the military in Uruguay and Chile. The description of the nature ... More


Negotiating Truth and Justice in the Transition to Democracy in Uruguay, 1980–1985

Alexandra Barahona de Brito

in Human Rights and Democratization in Latin America: Uruguay and Chile

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280385
eISBN:
9780191598852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280386.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In this first chapter of Part II of the book (Truth and Justice in Transition), an examination is made of how the issues of truth and justice evolved in the transitional period (1980–85) in Uruguay. ... More


The Long and Tortuous Path to Military Amnesty and the Referendum in Uruguay, 1985–1989

Alexandra Barahona de Brito

in Human Rights and Democratization in Latin America: Uruguay and Chile

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280385
eISBN:
9780191598852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280386.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In this first chapter of Part III of the book (Truth and Justice under Successor Democratic Regimes), an examination is made of how the issues of truth and justice were dealt with under democratic ... More


Assessing Truth and Justice Policies in Uruguay and Chile

Alexandra Barahona de Brito

in Human Rights and Democratization in Latin America: Uruguay and Chile

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280385
eISBN:
9780191598852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280386.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter and the Conclusion to the book form Part IV (Assessing Truth and Justice in Uruguay and Chile: The Road to Democratic Consolidation?). The chapter is divided into two sections: the first ... More


Ideas, Institutions, and Trade: The WTO and the Curious Role of EU Farm Policy in Trade Liberalization

Carsten Daugbjerg and Alan Swinbank

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199557752
eISBN:
9780191721922
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557752.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Agriculture has a small, and declining, importance in employment and income generation within the EU, but a political importance well beyond its economic impact. The EU's common agricultural policy ... More


WTO Rules for Agricultural Trade: GATT 1947 and the URAA

Carsten Daugbjerg and Alan Swinbank

in Ideas, Institutions, and Trade: The WTO and the Curious Role of EU Farm Policy in Trade Liberalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199557752
eISBN:
9780191721922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557752.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 3 begins by accounting for the roots of agricultural exceptionalism in the GATT, and shows how it was spelt out in GATT trade rules. The remainder of the chapter examines the specific ... More


Explaining the Erosion of Agricultural Exceptionalism in the Uruguay Round

Carsten Daugbjerg and Alan Swinbank

in Ideas, Institutions, and Trade: The WTO and the Curious Role of EU Farm Policy in Trade Liberalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199557752
eISBN:
9780191721922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557752.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 4 begins with an account of the most important reasons explaining why agricultural exceptionalism was sustained for almost half a century within the GATT, and then concentrates on identifying ... More


Setting the Limits: CAP Reform and WTO Farm Trade Rules

Carsten Daugbjerg and Alan Swinbank

in Ideas, Institutions, and Trade: The WTO and the Curious Role of EU Farm Policy in Trade Liberalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199557752
eISBN:
9780191721922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557752.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 7 shows how CAP reform, whilst driven by WTO concerns, feeds back into the WTO negotiations, setting limits to what can be agreed, but also providing enhanced opportunities for agreement. ... More


Uruguay’s Child Rights Approach to Health: What Role for Civil Registration?

Anne-Emanuelle Birn

in Registration and Recognition: Documenting the Person in World History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265314
eISBN:
9780191760402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265314.003.0017
Subject:
History, World Modern History

In 1934 the Uruguayan legislature passed a ‘Children's Code’, perhaps the first national code explicitly to stipulate that ‘every child has a right to know who are his parents’. This chapter explores ... More


The concealment of bodies during the military dictatorship in Uruguay (1973–84)1

José López Mazz

in Human Remains and Identification: Mass violence, genocide, and the 'forensic turn'

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097560
eISBN:
9781526104441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097560.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

“Operation Carrot” was devised and executed by the Uruguayan military at the time of the country’s return to democracy, between 1983 and 1985. The objective of this secret operation was to exhume all ... More


An Inside View of the CAP Reform Process: Explaining the MacSharry, Agenda 2000, and Fischler Reforms

Arlindo Cunha and Alan Swinbank

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199591572
eISBN:
9780191725579
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591572.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, International Relations and Politics

From the outset, the European Union's common agricultural policy (CAP) was subject to scathingly criticism. Despite this, no substantial reform was undertaken until 1992. Then, in little more than a ... More


Trade in Services Telecommunications

Peter F. Cowhey and Jonathan D. Aronson

in A Handbook of International Trade in Services

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199235216
eISBN:
9780191715624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235216.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on issues of negotiations on trade arrangements for international telecommunications and information services. The first part of the chapter provides background on the major ... More


The 1992 MacSharry Reform

Arlindo Cunha and Alan Swinbank

in An Inside View of the CAP Reform Process: Explaining the MacSharry, Agenda 2000, and Fischler Reforms

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199591572
eISBN:
9780191725579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591572.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, International Relations and Politics

The 1992 CAP reform, proposed by the then Farm Commissioner Ray Mac Sharry, and adopted under a Portuguese Presidency, fundamentally changed the shape of the CAP, by partially switching from price ... More


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