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A Paradise of Reason: William Bentley and Enlightenment Christianity in the Early Republic

J. Rixey Ruffin

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326512
eISBN:
9780199870417
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326512.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

William Bentley was a Congregationalist pastor in Salem, Massachusetts, during the first few decades of independence. He was also a figure quite unlike anyone else in all of America. In talent, ... More


Archetypal Heresy: Arianism Through the Centuries

Maurice Wiles

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245918
eISBN:
9780191600814
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245916.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Arianism is a fourth‐century heresy, which affirmed Christ to be divine, but not in the same full sense in which God the Father is divine. Traditional Trinitarianism, with its classical expression in ... More


Frederic Rowland Young

Timothy Larsen

in Crisis of Doubt: Honest Faith in Nineteenth-Century England

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199287871
eISBN:
9780191713422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287871.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Frederic Rowland Young was a Secularist lecturer who worked for G. J. Holyoake and wrote for his newspaper, the Reasoner; he later became a Unitarian minister. With George Sexton, he became a ... More


Spiritual Knight-Errant

David Young

in F. D. Maurice and Unitarianism

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263395
eISBN:
9780191682520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263395.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Theology

This chapter discusses the journey of Maurice's personal search for a faith that could meet his spiritual needs. His quest for faith led him out of Unitarianism and to the Church of England. He ... More


Joseph Priestley, Minister and Teacher *

David L. Wykes

in Joseph Priestley, Scientist, Philosopher, and Theologian

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199215300
eISBN:
9780191706929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215300.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter examines the changes in Priestley's religious opinions against the background of his life, his work as a minister and teacher, and the impact of his theological and other ideas upon the ... More


 The Early Republic: Thomas Jefferson's Philosophy of History and the Future of American Christianity

Johann Neem

in Prophesies of Godlessness: Predictions of America's Iminent Secularization from the Puritans to Postmodernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195342536
eISBN:
9780199867042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342536.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Thomas Jefferson is famous for believing that reason would moderate American Christianity. In time, he prophesied, Americans would replace faith‐based Christianity with a Unitarian Christianity ... More


 Christian Naturalism

J. Rixey Ruffin

in A Paradise of Reason: William Bentley and Enlightenment Christianity in the Early Republic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326512
eISBN:
9780199870417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326512.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

William Bentley's Arminianism was hardly unique to him, but he also addressed other, more deep‐seated problems surrounding claims about God's attributes and God's power. These were problems that ... More


 Republicanism Emergent

J. Rixey Ruffin

in A Paradise of Reason: William Bentley and Enlightenment Christianity in the Early Republic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326512
eISBN:
9780199870417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326512.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

If the factionalization of the 1780s allowed the coexistence in Bentley of both liberalism and libertarianism, the partisanship of the 1790s would force him into the political camp of one or the ... More


American Hymnody

J. R. Watson

in The English Hymn: A Critical and Historical Study

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270027
eISBN:
9780191600784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019827002X.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

The consequences of American independence for hymn writing and the importance of American Unitarianism and the high seriousness that went with it are discussed. Reviews the Civil War and slavery. ... More


Calvinism Improved

Ann Lee Bressler

in The Universalist Movement in America, 1770-1880

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129861
eISBN:
9780199834013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195129865.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

At first glance, American Universalism seems to have been one of the clearest manifestations of the rational spirit of the revolutionary era, and with its bold assertion of salvation for all, the ... More


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