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A Paradise of Reason: William Bentley and Enlightenment Christianity in the Early Republic

J. Rixey Ruffin

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326512
eISBN:
9780199870417
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326512.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

William Bentley was a Congregationalist pastor in Salem, Massachusetts, during the first few decades of independence. He was also a figure quite unlike anyone else in all of America. In talent, ... More


Archetypal Heresy: Arianism Through the Centuries

Maurice Wiles

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245918
eISBN:
9780191600814
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245916.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Arianism is a fourth‐century heresy, which affirmed Christ to be divine, but not in the same full sense in which God the Father is divine. Traditional Trinitarianism, with its classical expression in ... More


Frederic Rowland Young

Timothy Larsen

in Crisis of Doubt: Honest Faith in Nineteenth-Century England

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199287871
eISBN:
9780191713422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287871.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Frederic Rowland Young was a Secularist lecturer who worked for G. J. Holyoake and wrote for his newspaper, the Reasoner; he later became a Unitarian minister. With George Sexton, he became a ... More


Spiritual Knight-Errant

David Young

in F. D. Maurice and Unitarianism

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263395
eISBN:
9780191682520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263395.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Theology

This chapter discusses the journey of Maurice's personal search for a faith that could meet his spiritual needs. His quest for faith led him out of Unitarianism and to the Church of England. He ... More


Joseph Priestley, Minister and Teacher *

David L. Wykes

in Joseph Priestley, Scientist, Philosopher, and Theologian

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199215300
eISBN:
9780191706929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215300.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter examines the changes in Priestley's religious opinions against the background of his life, his work as a minister and teacher, and the impact of his theological and other ideas upon the ... More


 The Early Republic: Thomas Jefferson's Philosophy of History and the Future of American Christianity

Johann Neem

in Prophesies of Godlessness: Predictions of America's Iminent Secularization from the Puritans to Postmodernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195342536
eISBN:
9780199867042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342536.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Thomas Jefferson is famous for believing that reason would moderate American Christianity. In time, he prophesied, Americans would replace faith‐based Christianity with a Unitarian Christianity ... More


 Christian Naturalism

J. Rixey Ruffin

in A Paradise of Reason: William Bentley and Enlightenment Christianity in the Early Republic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326512
eISBN:
9780199870417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326512.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

William Bentley's Arminianism was hardly unique to him, but he also addressed other, more deep‐seated problems surrounding claims about God's attributes and God's power. These were problems that ... More


 Republicanism Emergent

J. Rixey Ruffin

in A Paradise of Reason: William Bentley and Enlightenment Christianity in the Early Republic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326512
eISBN:
9780199870417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326512.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

If the factionalization of the 1780s allowed the coexistence in Bentley of both liberalism and libertarianism, the partisanship of the 1790s would force him into the political camp of one or the ... More


American Hymnody

J. R. Watson

in The English Hymn: A Critical and Historical Study

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198270027
eISBN:
9780191600784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019827002X.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

The consequences of American independence for hymn writing and the importance of American Unitarianism and the high seriousness that went with it are discussed. Reviews the Civil War and slavery. ... More


Calvinism Improved

Ann Lee Bressler

in The Universalist Movement in America, 1770-1880

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129861
eISBN:
9780199834013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195129865.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

At first glance, American Universalism seems to have been one of the clearest manifestations of the rational spirit of the revolutionary era, and with its bold assertion of salvation for all, the ... More


The Americanization of Calvinism: The Congregationalist Era, 1793–1827

Mark A. Noll

in America's God: From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151114
eISBN:
9780199834532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151119.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Between 1790 and 1840, Reformed theology reached the summit of its broad influence in American culture. With New England's Congregationalists in the lead, and then joined by mid‐state and southern ... More


The Decline and Fall of the Edwardsian Culture: Taylorites, Tylerites, and the Disintegration of New England Calvinism

Douglas A. Sweeney

in Nathaniel Taylor, New Haven Theology, and the Legacy of Jonathan Edwards

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195154283
eISBN:
9780199834709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195154282.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Threatened by Unitarianism and Finneyite progressives, the Edwardsians of the 1820s banded together to fight off the encroachment of theological liberalism and “new measures” revivalism. By 1828, ... More


Martin Clifford and his Treatise of humane reason (1674): A Europe-wide debate

Giovanni Tarantino

in Philosophy and Religion in Enlightenment Britain: New Case Studies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199227044
eISBN:
9780191739309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227044.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In 1674, Martin Clifford, a secretly atheist headmaster entrusted with the task of moulding the future governing class among young men in London, anonymously published a treatise calling for a ... More


“Arguments for the Possibility Are Good”

David F. Holland

in Sacred Borders: Continuing Revelation and Canonical Restraint in Early America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199753611
eISBN:
9780199895113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753611.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter traces the intellectual history of the canon among liberal Christians of the nineteenth century. Beginning with Hicksite Quakers, it moves through William Ellery Channing's Unitarianism, ... More


F. D. Maurice and Unitarianism

David Young

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263395
eISBN:
9780191682520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263395.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Theology

F.D. Maurice (1805–72) was one of Victorian Britain's most controversial thinkers. Although he came from a Unitarian family and counted leading Unitarians as his friends, their influence on his work ... More


Unitarians: Mary Carpenter and the Sacred Writings

Timothy Larsen

in A People of One Book: The Bible and the Victorians

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199570096
eISBN:
9780191725661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570096.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Biblical Studies

Mary Carpenter's wider Victorian reputation rested on her prominent work as a social reformer. The primary focus of these endeavours was the education and care of deprived or delinquent children or ... More


The Emergence of the Maurician Synthesis: A Coleridgean in Theology

JEREMY MORRIS

in F. D. Maurice and the Crisis of Christian Authority

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199263172
eISBN:
9780191602825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263175.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Places Maurice’s work in the specific theological, ecclesial, and educational contexts in which he was raised, from Unitarianism to High Church Anglicanism. Pays attention especially to the political ... More


New England’s Theological Landscape

Paul C. Gutjahr

in Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740420
eISBN:
9780199894703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740420.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter Fourteen surveys the diverse theological landscape of the New England in the period after the American Revolution. Special attention is paid to the developing theologies of Harvard, Yale and ... More


“The Nonsensical Dialect of Transcendentalism”

Paul C. Gutjahr

in Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740420
eISBN:
9780199894703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740420.003.0036
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter thirty-six is primarily concerned with the rise of Transcendentalism in America and Princeton’s response to this new variation of American Unitarianism. Hodge, along with Albert Dod and James ... More


Must Democracy Be Religiously Neutral?

Roger Trigg

in Religion in Public Life: Must Faith Be Privatized?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199543670
eISBN:
9780191701313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543670.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines whether or not democracy should be religiously neutral. A democratic country is one in which the government is answerable to the people. Freedom to choose a government is linked ... More


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