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Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl

Adriana Petryna

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151663
eISBN:
9781400845095
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151663.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

On April 26, 1986, Unit Four of the Chernobyl nuclear reactor exploded in then Soviet Ukraine. More than 3.5 million people in Ukraine alone, not to mention many citizens of surrounding countries, ... More


Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Robert Elgie (ed.)

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293866
eISBN:
9780191599156
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293860.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Semi‐presidentialism is an increasingly popular form of constitutional government. Semi‐presidential regimes can now be found in Western Europe, in Austria, Finland, France, Iceland, Ireland, and ... More


Women and Political Representation in Contemporary Ukraine 1

Sarah Birch

in Women's Access to Political Power in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199246861
eISBN:
9780191601965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246866.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines female political representation in Ukraine. It is argued that although the number of women that have attained position of legislative power is relatively low, it is on the rise. ... More


Ukraine

Andrew Wilson

in Semi-Presidentialism in Europe

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293866
eISBN:
9780191599156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293860.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Ukraine can be said to have a semi‐presidential system insofar as it has direct presidential elections combined with a prime minister and a government answerable to both president and parliament. ... More


Political Performance and Institutional Trust

Arthur Miller and Ola Listhaug

in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Previous chapters have demonstrated that low and declining citizen respect for government institutions and political leaders is characteristic of contemporary industrialized societies. Evidence since ... More


Federalism and State‐Building: Post‐Communist and Post‐Colonial Perspectives

Steven L. Solnick

in The Architecture of Democracy: Constitutional Design, Conflict Management, and Democracy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246465
eISBN:
9780191600135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246467.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Examines the process of bargaining over the creation of new rules and institutions after radical regime transitions. The analysis addresses the limited but important class of cases where a weakened ... More


Ukraine: Tormented Constitution‐Making

Kataryna Wolczuk

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 1: Institutional Engineering

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244089
eISBN:
9780191600364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244081.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Describes Ukraine's protracted and discontinued constitution‐making process. Wolczuk explains that the Ukrainian leaders’ initial decision to preserve the Constitution was due to the broad range of ... More


Belarus and Ukraine: Democracy Building in a Grey Security Zone

Taras Kuzio

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244096
eISBN:
9780191600371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924409X.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Compares different paths of democratic consolidation in Belarus and Ukraine since the disintegration of the USSR. The author argues that Ukraine has evolved beyond ‘Electoral Democracy’ towards ‘ ... More


Strengths and Weaknesses of ‘Weak’ Coordination: Economic Institutions, Revealed Comparative Advantages, and Socio-Economic Performance of Mixed Market Economies in Poland and Ukraine

Vlad Mykhnenko

in Beyond Varieties of Capitalism: Conflict, Contradictions, and Complementarities in the European Economy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199206483
eISBN:
9780191709715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206483.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter explores and explains: ‘what type of capitalism has emerged in post-communist Europe?’ and, ultimately, ‘does it work?’. It also critically examines the suitability and applicability of ... More


Perspectives on a Liberal‐Pluralist Approach to Ethnic Minorities in Ukraine

Volodymyr Fesenko

in Can Liberal Pluralism be Exported?: Western Political Theory and Ethnic Relations in Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199248155
eISBN:
9780191602955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924815X.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The main problem of Ukrainian ethnic policy is balancing Ukrainian majority nation-building with respect for ethnic minority rights. This explains a paradoxical, but logical mixture of liberal and ... More


Information Technology Policy in the USSR and Ukraine: Achievement and Failures

Boris Malinovsky and Lev Malinovsky

in Information Technology Policy: An International History

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199241057
eISBN:
9780191714290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241057.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

By the late 1950s and early 1960s, the Soviet Union had one of the world's leading computer industries. At the end of the 1960s, the possibility of merging the USSR's scientific and industrial ... More


Political Parties in Ukraine: Virtual and Representational

Andrew Wilson and Sarah Brich

in Party Politics in New Democracies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199289653
eISBN:
9780191710964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289653.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the development of political parties in the Ukraine. It focuses on their popular legitimacy, organizational strength, and role in the process of government, in particular, ... More


Life Politics after Chernobyl

Adriana Petryna

in Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151663
eISBN:
9781400845095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151663.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This book examines how government and scientific interventions have recast the Chernobyl aftermath as a complex political and health experience with its own bureaucratic and legal ramifications. In ... More


Technical Error: Measures of Life and Risk

Adriana Petryna

in Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151663
eISBN:
9781400845095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151663.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the sciences, politics, and international cooperations that informed Soviet state responses to the Chernobyl disaster and how they produced an image of control over ... More


Chernobyl in Historical Light

Adriana Petryna

in Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151663
eISBN:
9781400845095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151663.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explores some of the prehistory of reception of the Chernobyl disaster in various aspects of Soviet-era life from the perspective of individuals and families living outside ... More


Illness as Work: Human Market Transition

Adriana Petryna

in Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151663
eISBN:
9781400845095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151663.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the “epidemic” of disability in post-Soviet Ukraine, and more specifically how state laws on the social protection of Chernobyl sufferers have turned suffering and disability ... More


Biological Citizenship

Adriana Petryna

in Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151663
eISBN:
9781400845095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151663.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the experiential and political aspects of biological citizenship in post-Soviet Ukraine, with particular emphasis on the relationship between an emerging medical classification ... More


Local Science and Organic Processes

Adriana Petryna

in Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151663
eISBN:
9781400845095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151663.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the ethical positions of local scientists and clinicians from the perspective of Soviet and post-Soviet scientific trajectories as well as in relation to international ... More


Self and Social Identity in Transition

Adriana Petryna

in Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151663
eISBN:
9781400845095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151663.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines how the self and social identity have been transformed in post-Soviet Ukraine within the legal and medical context of claiming illness from radiation dose exposure. It shows how ... More


Conclusion

Adriana Petryna

in Life Exposed: Biological Citizens after Chernobyl

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151663
eISBN:
9781400845095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151663.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter summarizes the book's main findings and their implications. It describes the Chernobyl aftermath as a prism that reflects, contains, and reconfigures the vexed political-economic, ... More


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