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The Gorbachev Factor

Archie Brown

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This is an analysis of how fundamental change came about in the Soviet Union and of the part played by political leadership. In its most general aspect, it is a contribution to the literature on ... More


The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The USSR was dominated by its ruling Communist Party, and the party was in turn dominated by a political elite that was represented in its Central Committee. Nearly two thousand individuals were ... More


Introduction

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Obstacles to democratization and pre‐conditions for transformative change are examined, as are changing evaluations of Mikhail Gorbachev. The weakness of the dissident movement in the first half of ... More


Soviet Political Leadership and Soviet Political Leadership and ‘Sovietological’ Modelling

Robert Service

in Leading Russia: Putin in Perspective: Essays in Honour of Archie Brown

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276141
eISBN:
9780191603341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276145.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter discusses studies of the USSR. In the years following the October 1917 Revolution, most studies of the USSR — carried out by either emigres or persons associated with conflicts in the ... More


Land Reform in Russia, 1906–1917: Peasant Responses to Stolypin's Project of Rural Transformation

Judith Pallot

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206569
eISBN:
9780191677212
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206569.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Since the collapse of the USSR, there has been a growing interest in the Stolypin Land Reform as a possible model for post-Communist agrarian development. Using recent theoretical and empirical ... More


Rebuilding Democracy in Latvia: Overcoming a Dual Legacy

Adolf Sprudzs

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 1: Institutional Engineering

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244089
eISBN:
9780191600364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244081.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Emphasizes the difficult process of constitutional engineering in Latvia. The author argues that these difficulties stem from two historical legacies: the inter‐war independence period and the Soviet ... More


Institutional Engineering in Lithuania: Stability through Compromise

Nida Gelazis

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 1: Institutional Engineering

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244089
eISBN:
9780191600364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244081.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Describes the process of adopting a new constitution in post‐communist Lithuania. The reasoning behind the quick adoption of a constitution was the urgent need to create links to Western ... More


Belarus and Ukraine: Democracy Building in a Grey Security Zone

Taras Kuzio

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244096
eISBN:
9780191600371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924409X.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Compares different paths of democratic consolidation in Belarus and Ukraine since the disintegration of the USSR. The author argues that Ukraine has evolved beyond ‘Electoral Democracy’ towards ‘ ... More


The Last Decade's Refugee Story

Arthur C. Helton

in The Price of Indifference: Refugees and Humanitarian Action in the New Century

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250318
eISBN:
9780191599477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250316.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In the 1990s, new conflicts broke out, particularly in connection with the dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, as well as several ... More


Revolutions and Economic Growth: General Approach

Vladimir Mau and Irina Starodubrovskaya

in The Challenge of Revolution: Contemporary Russia in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241507
eISBN:
9780191599835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241503.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the role of economic modernization as a principle generator of the challenges that, if not adequately addressed by the state, lead to pre‐revolutionary conditions and thence to ... More


The Preconditions for Revolution in the USSR

Vladimir Mau and Irina Starodubrovskaya

in The Challenge of Revolution: Contemporary Russia in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241507
eISBN:
9780191599835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241503.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the reasons why the Soviet command economy proved unable to achieve the level of modernization required for its survival. It demonstrates how the control of the Communist Party ... More


The Emerging Independence of the UNHCR Under Auguste Lindt

Gil Loescher

in The UNHCR and World Politics: A Perilous Path

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246915
eISBN:
9780191599781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246912.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Two political events at the centre of world politics in the mid‐ to late‐1950s—the Hungarian Revolution and the subsequent intervention by the USSR and the Algerian War of National Independence ... More


Being Soviet: Identity, Rumour, and Everyday Life under Stalin 1939–1953

Timothy Johnston

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199604036
eISBN:
9780191731600
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604036.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

‘Being Soviet’ takes a refreshing and innovative approach to the crucial years between 1939 and 1953 in the USSR. It addresses two of the key recent debates concerning Stalinism. It answers the ... More


The Political Power of Bad Ideas: Networks, Institutions, and the Global Prohibition Wave

Mark Lawrence Schrad

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391237
eISBN:
9780199776856
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391237.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book looks at an oddity of modern history — the broad diffusion of temperance legislation in the early 20th century — to make a broad argument about how bad policy ideas achieve international ... More


Conclusion

Timothy Johnston

in Being Soviet: Identity, Rumour, and Everyday Life under Stalin 1939–1953

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199604036
eISBN:
9780191731600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604036.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

Official Soviet Identity evolved in relation to the dramatic events of this period. By 1953 a successful and resilient version of Sovietness had emerged that stressed the peace-loving diplomatic ... More


The Russian Transition through the Historical Looking-glass: Gradual versus Abrupt Decontrol of Economic Systems in Britain and Russia

Christopher Davis and James Foreman-Peck

in The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263471
eISBN:
9780191734786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter compares the Russian economic transition in the 1990s with the level of economic control in Britain following two world wars. It considers four economic systems in the UK, the USSR, and ... More


Men of Influence: Stalin's Diplomats in Europe, 1930-1939

Sabine Dullin and Editions Payot

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748622191
eISBN:
9780748651290
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748622191.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Making an addition to the new historiography of mid-twentieth-century Soviet history, the author of this book has researched the history of Soviet diplomacy from 1930 to 1939 through a variety of ... More


Naming the Dead, Writing the Individual: Classical Traditions and Commemorative Practices in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

GRAHAM OLIVER

in Cultures of Commemoration: War Memorials, Ancient and Modern

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264669
eISBN:
9780191753985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264669.003.0006
Subject:
History, Cultural History

The chapter focuses on the commemoration of the individual in ancient and modern cultures. It argues that the attitude to individual commemoration adopted by the War Graves Commission in the First ... More


Conclusion

Joseph M. Parent

in Uniting States: Voluntary Union in World Politics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199782192
eISBN:
9780199919147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782192.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This concluding chapter provides profiles of the case studies in the work, as well as theoretical and policy implications of the work. It argues that only realism can explain voluntary political ... More


In Search of a Father: Dealing with the Legacy of Nazi Complicity

Klaus J. Arnold and Eve M. Duffy

Konrad H. Jarausch (ed.)

in Reluctant Accomplice: A Wehrmacht Soldier's Letters from the Eastern Front

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140421
eISBN:
9781400836321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140421.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In this introductory chapter, the author narrates how he searched for his missing father, Konrad Jarausch, who had died in the USSR in January 1942. After providing a background on Jarausch's ... More


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