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The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The USSR was dominated by its ruling Communist Party, and the party was in turn dominated by a political elite that was represented in its Central Committee. Nearly two thousand individuals were ... More


The Gorbachev Factor

Archie Brown

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This is an analysis of how fundamental change came about in the Soviet Union and of the part played by political leadership. In its most general aspect, it is a contribution to the literature on ... More


Soviet Political Leadership and Soviet Political Leadership and ‘Sovietological’ Modelling

Robert Service

in Leading Russia: Putin in Perspective: Essays in Honour of Archie Brown

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276141
eISBN:
9780191603341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276145.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter discusses studies of the USSR. In the years following the October 1917 Revolution, most studies of the USSR — carried out by either emigres or persons associated with conflicts in the ... More


Introduction

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Obstacles to democratization and pre‐conditions for transformative change are examined, as are changing evaluations of Mikhail Gorbachev. The weakness of the dissident movement in the first half of ... More


Land Reform in Russia, 1906–1917: Peasant Responses to Stolypin's Project of Rural Transformation

Judith Pallot

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206569
eISBN:
9780191677212
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206569.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Since the collapse of the USSR, there has been a growing interest in the Stolypin Land Reform as a possible model for post-Communist agrarian development. Using recent theoretical and empirical ... More


Rebuilding Democracy in Latvia: Overcoming a Dual Legacy

Adolf Sprudzs

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 1: Institutional Engineering

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244089
eISBN:
9780191600364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244081.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Emphasizes the difficult process of constitutional engineering in Latvia. The author argues that these difficulties stem from two historical legacies: the inter‐war independence period and the Soviet ... More


Institutional Engineering in Lithuania: Stability through Compromise

Nida Gelazis

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 1: Institutional Engineering

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244089
eISBN:
9780191600364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244081.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Describes the process of adopting a new constitution in post‐communist Lithuania. The reasoning behind the quick adoption of a constitution was the urgent need to create links to Western ... More


Belarus and Ukraine: Democracy Building in a Grey Security Zone

Taras Kuzio

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244096
eISBN:
9780191600371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924409X.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Compares different paths of democratic consolidation in Belarus and Ukraine since the disintegration of the USSR. The author argues that Ukraine has evolved beyond ‘Electoral Democracy’ towards ‘ ... More


The Last Decade's Refugee Story

Arthur C. Helton

in The Price of Indifference: Refugees and Humanitarian Action in the New Century

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250318
eISBN:
9780191599477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250316.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In the 1990s, new conflicts broke out, particularly in connection with the dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, as well as several ... More


Revolutions and Economic Growth: General Approach

Vladimir Mau and Irina Starodubrovskaya

in The Challenge of Revolution: Contemporary Russia in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241507
eISBN:
9780191599835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241503.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the role of economic modernization as a principle generator of the challenges that, if not adequately addressed by the state, lead to pre‐revolutionary conditions and thence to ... More


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