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From Counterinsurgency to State-Sanctioned Terror: Waging the Cold War in Latin America

William Michael Schmidli

in The Fate of Freedom Elsewhere: Human Rights and U.S. Cold War Policy toward Argentina

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451966
eISBN:
9780801469626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451966.003.0002
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter details the 1976 Argentine coup d’état. When the commanders of the three branches of the Argentine service announced the inauguration of the “National Reorganization Process,” few ... More


Indicators of Soviet Intentions and the End of the Cold War, 1985–88

Keren Yarhi-Milo

in Knowing the Adversary: Leaders, Intelligence, and Assessment of Intentions in International Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159157
eISBN:
9781400850419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159157.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the indicators used by the Reagan administration to assess the intentions of the Soviet Union between 1985 and 1988. Ronald Reagan assumed the presidency in 1981 after an ... More


American Biodefense: How Dangerous Ideas about Biological Weapons Shape National Security

Frank L. III Smith

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452710
eISBN:
9780801455162
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452710.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Biological weapons have threatened U.S. national security since at least World War II. Historically, however, the U.S. military has neglected research, development, acquisition, and doctrine for ... More


Introduction

Seth Jacobs

in The Universe Unraveling: American Foreign Policy in Cold War Laos

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801445477
eISBN:
9780801464041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801445477.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the relationship between Laos and U.S. policy. The U.S. policy toward Laos under Dwight Eisenhower and John F. Kennedy shaped America’s approach to ... More


The Fate of Freedom Elsewhere: Human Rights and U.S. Cold War Policy toward Argentina

William Michael Schmidli

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451966
eISBN:
9780801469626
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451966.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

During the first quarter-century of the Cold War, upholding human rights was rarely a priority in U.S. policy toward Latin America. Seeking to protect U.S. national security, American policymakers ... More


Out of the Blue Yonder: The Transfer of Systems Thinking from the Pentagon to the Great Society, 1961–1965

David R. Jardini

in Systems, Experts, and Computers: The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262082853
eISBN:
9780262275873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The present chapter explores RAND’s development of analytical management techniques for military purposes and the diffusion of these methodologies from the military context into broader social ... More


The National Security Challenge

Stephen J. Schulhofer

in More Essential than Ever: The Fourth Amendment in the Twenty First Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780195392128
eISBN:
9780190259761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195392128.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines the national security issues in the implementation of the requirements of the Fourth Amendment in the U.S. It discusses the complexities of Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act ... More


Cheerleader-in-Chief

Yanek Mieczkowski

in Eisenhower's Sputnik Moment: The Race for Space and World Prestige

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451508
eISBN:
9780801467936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451508.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses Eisenhower's televised efforts to “calm” the American public after the Sputnik launch. He gave a series of nationally televised speeches on science and national security, ... More


“Gloom, Gloom, Gloom”

Yanek Mieczkowski

in Eisenhower's Sputnik Moment: The Race for Space and World Prestige

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451508
eISBN:
9780801467936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451508.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses Eisenhower's response to the Gaither Committee's ominous report concerning the U.S. national security. The committee conducted a massive review of the country's defense ... More


Containment

Brian Lennon

in In Babel's Shadow: Multilingual Literatures, Monolingual States

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816665013
eISBN:
9781452946344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816665013.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter examines methods for translating different languages through a machine. There are issues with machine translation that can be illustrated through historic examples. Firstly, the need to ... More


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