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Religion: Her Ideas of His Ideas of Their Ideas …

Ilkka Pyysiäinen

in Supernatural Agents: Why We Believe in Souls, Gods, and Buddhas

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380026
eISBN:
9780199869046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380026.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter presents the ideas of agency, intentionality, and teleo-functional reasoning. Agency is something we infer from the regular patterns we observe in an entity’s behavior. Such patterns ... More


The Olympian Religion

David Bebbington

in The Mind of Gladstone: Religion, Homer, and Politics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199267651
eISBN:
9780191708220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267651.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Gladstone changed his mind about aspects of Homer during the period when he was writing about the poet. Instead of rejecting the possibility that the poet drew his ideas from nature worship, ... More


Animals and Animism

David Chidester

in Empire of Religion: Imperialism and Comparative Religion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226117263
eISBN:
9780226117577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226117577.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Locating cognitive studies of religion within the history of imperial relations between Great Britain and South Africa, with special attention to the work of Charles Darwin and E. B. Tylor, this ... More


Spirit of Empire

David Chidester

in Empire of Religion: Imperialism and Comparative Religion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226117263
eISBN:
9780226117577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226117577.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Focusing on the authentication of knowledge about religion and religions, this chapter examines three versions of authenticity—interfaith, theosophical, and critical—that emerged within imperial ... More


Root Issues

David L. Haberman

in People Trees: Worship of Trees in Northern India

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199929177
eISBN:
9780199332960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199929177.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter introduces the questions and issues that shape this particular study. Within the overall framework of a consideration of the cultural construction of nature, it re-examines such concepts ... More


The Origins of Culture and of Anthropology

Frank Palmeri

in "State of Nature, Stages of Society": Enlightenment Conjectural History and Modern Social Discourse

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231175166
eISBN:
9780231541282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175166.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In the unsettled and formative 1860s, many essays in the British anthropological journals adopted a conjectural form, as did foundational work by E. B. Tylor that established the defining idea of ... More


When Did “Orality” Become a “Culture”?

Paula McDowell

in The Invention of the Oral: Print Commerce and Fugitive Voices in Eighteenth-Century Britain

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226456966
eISBN:
9780226457017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226457017.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

In eighteenth-century Britain, “culture” referred to the care of crops or animals. No author used the term "oral culture," for the anthropological idea of a culture as a way of life did not exist. In ... More


The Shadow of God

Jason Ā. Josephson-Storm

in The Myth of Disenchantment: Magic, Modernity, and the Birth of the Human Sciences

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226403229
eISBN:
9780226403533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226403533.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Religion

“The Shadow of God,” highlights a crucially important dialectical movement. It shows how a putative opposition between religion and science, combined with fears of despiritualization and mourning for ... More


Edward Burnett Tylor

Timothy Larsen

in The Slain God: Anthropologists and the Christian Faith

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199657872
eISBN:
9780191785573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657872.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

Edward Burnett Tylor (1832–1917) is often considered the father of anthropology. This chapter presents Tylor’s main theories in the field of anthropology. One of Tylor’s major areas of interest was ... More


Animism and Metaphysics in Pater’s Platonism

Lee Behlman and Kurt Lampe

in Pater the Classicist: Classical Scholarship, Reception, and Aestheticism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198723417
eISBN:
9780191790058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723417.003.0016
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

In Plato and Platonism (1893) Walter Pater offers a new, experiential approach to Plato’s metaphysics through his presentation of an animistic religiosity. Adapting Edward Burnett Tylor’s ... More


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