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The United States and the GATT/WTO System

Gautam Sen

in US Hegemony and International Organizations: The United States and Multilateral Institutions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199261437
eISBN:
9780191599309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261431.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

An examination is made of the relationship between the US and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), and its successor, the World Trade Organization, addressing the crucial question of ... More


Trade in Goods: The GATT and the Other Agreements Regulating Trade in Goods

Petros Mavroidis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552139
eISBN:
9780191716591
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552139.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This book analyses the establishment and operation of international agreements regulating trade in goods, focusing on the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). The book outlines the history ... More


Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Lawrence Mills

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Protecting Free Trade is the story of a paradox that both limited and stimulated Hong Kong’s post-war economy. In order to preserve its access to open markets, Hong Kong was obligated by ... More


Integrating Services in South Asia: Trade, Investment, and Mobility

Rupa Chanda

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198069959
eISBN:
9780199080021
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198069959.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This book analyses the prospects for services integration in South Asia, focusing on member countries of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) — India, Bhutan, Bangladesh, ... More


A Freer Hand to Promote Free Trade: Fast Track from Nixon to G. W. Bush

Jasmine Farrier

in Congressional Ambivalence: The Political Burdens of Constitutional Authority

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813192628
eISBN:
9780813135496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813192628.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on the institutional developments surrounding the 30-year history of the fast-track trade implementation process that have a similarity to the BRAC commissions and tell an ... More


Disciplines on Trade Instruments

Petros C. Mavroidis

in Trade in Goods: The GATT and the Other Agreements Regulating Trade in Goods

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552139
eISBN:
9780191716591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552139.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the manner in which the GATT binds trade instruments, that is, instruments affecting either imported or domestic goods, but not both. The chapter proceeds as follows. Section 2 ... More


Power Multiplied or Power Restrained? the United States and Multilateral Institutions in the Americas

Hal Klepak

in US Hegemony and International Organizations: The United States and Multilateral Institutions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199261437
eISBN:
9780191599309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261431.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The central argument is that US power, once established as predominant in the hemisphere, has been nothing short of decisive in the founding, nature, and functioning of the regional multilateral ... More


Evolution of the Government Procurement Agreement Model and Procurement Linkages

Christopher McCrudden

in Buying Social Justice: Equality, Government Procurement, and Legal Change

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199232420
eISBN:
9780191716058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232420.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, EU Law

This chapter examines the original negotiations in the OECD that paved the way for the development of the GPA. These negotiations took place against a background of domestic use of procurement ... More


Trade in Goods

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The main GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) rules on specific instruments of trade control––tariffs, quotas, subsidies, customs procedures, and product standards are described, and the ... More


The EU, the WTO, and the NAFTA: Towards a Common Law of International Trade?

J. H. H. Weiler (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199248124
eISBN:
9780191714863
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248124.001.0001
Subject:
Law, EU Law

The starting point of this book is the coexistence of the overlapping regimes of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), the European Union (EU), and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). On ... More


The Trading System in Perspective

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Chapter 1 makes up the first part of the book. It presents a brief historical overview of the evolution of the multilateral trading system and introduces the basic functions of the trade regime and ... More


From GATT 1947 to GATT 1994

Petros C. Mavroidis

in Trade in Goods: The GATT and the Other Agreements Regulating Trade in Goods

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552139
eISBN:
9780191716591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552139.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). It begins with a brief account of the origins of the GATT. It then asks the question of why was the GATT needed in the first ... More


Votes, Vetoes, and the Political Economy of International Trade Agreements

Edward D. Mansfield and Helen V. Milner

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691135298
eISBN:
9781400842537
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691135298.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Preferential trading arrangements (PTAs) play an increasingly prominent role in the global political economy, two notable examples being the European Union and the North American Free Trade ... More


Regional Integration: NAFTA and the Reconfiguration of North American Industry

Lorraine Eden and Antoine Monteils

in Regions, Globalization, and the Knowledge-Based Economy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250011
eISBN:
9780191596216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250014.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The impacts of regional integration on firm location strategies post‐1989 in North America are investigated using three different data sets. First, World Investment Report data (UNCTAD, 1998) show ... More


Negotiating Forum

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

An analysis is made of the role of the WTO (World Trade Organization) as a forum for negotiations. Special attention is given to the concept of reciprocity, since this is a central element of ... More


Sector‐Specific Multilateral Trade Agreements

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter looks at the major sector‐specific agreements that have been negotiated under the auspices of GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade), and in particular at agriculture, and ... More


Protection of Intellectual Property

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

An overview is provided of the economic rationales for protection of IPRs (intellectual property rights) and the reasons behind moves to adopt multilateral rules in this area. Some of the major ... More


Adjudication in the GATT/WTO: Making General Exceptions in Trade Law

Ingo Venzke

in How Interpretation Makes International Law: On Semantic Change and Normative Twists

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199657674
eISBN:
9780191753114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657674.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter introduces international judicial institutions as weighty actors in international legal discourse. It shows how the practice of adjudication in international trade law has shaped the ... More


Regional Integration

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter deals with one of the most important exceptions to the most‐favoured‐nation (MFN) rule allowed by the WTO (World Trade Organization): regional integration agreements (RIAs). Almost all ... More


Trade in Services

Andrew Lang

in World Trade Law after Neoliberalism: Reimagining the Global Economic Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199592647
eISBN:
9780191731396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592647.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter provides a case study of the processes described in a general way in the previous chapter. The purpose is to illustrate and explore in greater depth the operation of the technicalized ... More


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