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States of Violence, to c.1870

Richard J. Reid

in Frontiers of Violence in North-East Africa: Genealogies of Conflict since c.1800

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199211883
eISBN:
9780191725135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211883.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter seeks to explain the significance and nature of the violence—known as the zemene mesafint—which convulses the region from the Eritrean highland plateau (the kebessa) and adjacent ... More


Borderlands, Militarism, and the Making of Empire

Richard J. Reid

in Frontiers of Violence in North-East Africa: Genealogies of Conflict since c.1800

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199211883
eISBN:
9780191725135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211883.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The chief themes of this chapter are the increasing importance of Tigray, in large part owing to the growing significance of Red Sea trade; the critical importance of two key frontier zones in the ... More


Revolution, ‘Liberation’, and Militant Identity, 1974–91

Richard J. Reid

in Frontiers of Violence in North-East Africa: Genealogies of Conflict since c.1800

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199211883
eISBN:
9780191725135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211883.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The key purpose of this chapter is to examine the nature and impact of the Derg regime under Mengistu Haile Mariam between the mid-1970s and 1991, and the eruption of a series of revolts and the ... More


Massawa: The Denouement

Gebru Tareke

in The Ethiopian Revolution: War in the Horn of Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300141634
eISBN:
9780300156157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300141634.003.0010
Subject:
History, Military History

After its decisive victory in the battle of Af Abet in 1988, it would take almost two years before the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (ELPF) would launch another strategic offensive against the ... More


The Victorious Nationalists: Insurgent Eritrea

Gebru Tareke

in The Ethiopian Revolution: War in the Horn of Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300141634
eISBN:
9780300156157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300141634.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

Historically, Ethiopia was comprised of a relatively restricted space that today encompasses most of Tigray and much of Eritrea. Trouble began in the fourteenth century A.D. when the king residing in ... More


The Victorious Ethnonationalists: Insurgent Tigray

Gebru Tareke

in The Ethiopian Revolution: War in the Horn of Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300141634
eISBN:
9780300156157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300141634.003.0003
Subject:
History, Military History

Ethiopian ruler Mengistu Haile Mariam demonized his Eritrean opponents as foreign agents or mercenaries and accused Tigrayan dissidents of being unpatriotic. He argued that the historical ... More


Shire: “Unexpected Grand Failure”

Gebru Tareke

in The Ethiopian Revolution: War in the Horn of Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300141634
eISBN:
9780300156157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300141634.003.0009
Subject:
History, Military History

The Eritrean insurgents dealt the Ethiopian military a humiliating loss at the battle of Shire on February 15–19, 1989—one that will go down in the annals of civil wars as the most unlikely of ... More


Return to Korem

Peter Gill

in Famine and Foreigners: Ethiopia Since Live Aid

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199569847
eISBN:
9780191808609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199569847.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter recounts the author's iniital and second visit to Ethiopia, specifically the town of Korem — a place of great starvation and poverty. It describes the futile grounds of Korem, its town's ... More


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