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Pre‐industrial Europe

Andreas Osiander

in Before the State: Systemic Political Change in the West from the Greeks to the French Revolution

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198294511
eISBN:
9780191717048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198294511.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In the late pre-Reformation period, re-urbanization and increasing monetization impacting on what had become a profoundly rural civilization gave rise to political structures markedly different from ... More


Fine Distinctions: Some Rejoinders to Quentin Skinner's Attacks on the Modern Doctrine of Negative Liberty

H. Matthew Kramer

in The Quality of Freedom

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199247561
eISBN:
9780191601927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247560.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Delineates the principal ideas that make up my theory of freedom as negative liberty. Raises a number of challenges to positive-liberty theories and to the civic-republican conception of freedom, ... More


Corpuscularianism and the Rise of Mechanism

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

From the early 17th century onwards, the dominant natural philosophy was mechanism: the view that all explanations must ultimately take the form of a reduction to a very economical range of features ... More


The Logic of Leviathan: The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes

David P. Gauthier

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198246169
eISBN:
9780191680939
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246169.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book presents the most plausible reading of Thomas Hobbes's moral and political theory based on his book, Leviathan. Hobbes constructs a political theory that bases unlimited political authority ... More


Hobbes's Linguistic Turn

Terence Ball

in Reappraising Political Theory: Revisionist Studies in the History of Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279952
eISBN:
9780191598753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279957.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Here, I examine and criticize the claim that Hobbes was a proto‐positivist precursor of the modern scientific study of politics. Against this view, I argue that Hobbes may be better viewed as a ... More


Sovereignty and the Sword: Harrington, Hobbes, and Mixed Government in the English Civil Wars

Arihiro Fukuda

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206835
eISBN:
9780191677328
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206835.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Political History

The English civil wars of the mid-seventeenth century produced two political thinkers of genius: Thomas Hobbes and James Harrington. They are known today as spokesmen of opposite positions, Hobbes of ... More


Experimental Natural Philosophy

Stephen Gaukroger

in The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199296446
eISBN:
9780191711985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter deals with experimental philosophy, as represented in Gilbert on magnetism, Hobbes on the air pump, and Newton on the production of the spectrum. It is shown that experimental philosophy ... More


Moral Theory

David P. Gauthier

in The Logic of Leviathan: The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198246169
eISBN:
9780191680939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246169.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter states that Thomas Hobbes writes on morals as a moralist. His primary aim is to demonstrate what men ought, and ought not, to do. In pursuing this aim, Hobbes introduces, and explains, ... More


The Allegiance of Thomas Hobbes

Jeffrey R. Collins

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199237647
eISBN:
9780191708442
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237647.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The Allegiance of Thomas Hobbes offers a revisionist interpretation of Thomas Hobbes's evolving response to the English Civil War and Revolution. Conventionally, Hobbes is portrayed as a ... More


The Mathematical Sciences and New Philosophies

Mordechai Feingold

in The History of the University of Oxford: Volume IV Seventeenth-Century Oxford

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199510146
eISBN:
9780191700958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199510146.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Shortly after turning eighty, the Savilian professor of geometry John Wallis penned his apologia pro vita sua, in the course of which he indicated that during his student days at Cambridge University ... More


Hope and Heroic Action: Rousseau, Paoli, Kosciuszko, and the Republican Tradition of War

Karma Nabulsi

in Traditions of War: Occupation, Resistance and The Law

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294078
eISBN:
9780191599972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294077.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This is the third of three chapters on the three traditions of war, and introduces the republican tradition, which is represented partially through the writings of Jean Jacques Rousseau, who, along ... More


Victorian Interpretations of Thomas Hobbes

Jose Harris

in Politics and Culture in Victorian Britain: Essays in Memory of Colin Matthew

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199253456
eISBN:
9780191698149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253456.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores the Victorian interpretations of Thomas Hobbes and the pursuit of Victorian Hobbesian revival. Studies have varied in detail, but have concurred in claiming that arguments ... More


Theory of Authorization

David P. Gauthier

in The Logic of Leviathan: The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198246169
eISBN:
9780191680939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246169.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter suggests that the political doctrine of Leviathan represents a major advance in Thomas Hobbes's thinking, one which depends almost entirely on the introduction of the concept of ... More


Hobbes’s Political Philosophy

Alan Ryan

in The Making of Modern Liberalism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148403
eISBN:
9781400841950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148403.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines some questions in Thomas Hobbes's political philosophy, with the objective of identifying what, if anything, Hobbes thought to be the central problem, or problems, of politics. ... More


War and Peace before Sociology: Social Theorizing on Violence from Thomas Hobbes to the Napoleonic Wars

Hans Joas and Wolfgang Knöbl

in War in Social Thought: Hobbes to the Present

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150840
eISBN:
9781400844746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150840.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter provides an overview of the key arguments in the debate on war and peace carried on from the time of Thomas Hobbes up to the Napoleonic Wars between philosophers, political economists, ... More


God

David P. Gauthier

in The Logic of Leviathan: The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198246169
eISBN:
9780191680939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246169.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses the role played by God. It treats God last, partly because Thomas Hobbes does so, partly because God plays only a secondary part in the system. Hobbes's theory is intended for ... More


The Nature of Man

David P. Gauthier

in The Logic of Leviathan: The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198246169
eISBN:
9780191680939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246169.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses the logic in Thomas Hobbes's book, Leviathan. To understand morals and politics is to understand man. The chapter argues that the body politic that gives substance to moral ... More


A Hobbist Plan

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The central thesis of this chapter is that the scope and structure of Hume's Treatise is modeled or planned after that of Hobbes's The Elements of Law and that in this respect there exists an ... More


The Origins of Civil Society and the Function of Law

Garrett Barden and Tim Murphy

in Law and Justice in Community

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199592685
eISBN:
9780191595653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592685.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

How did it come about that humans live together in a community? This chapter argues — in contrast to ‘social contract’ approaches — that human society is a spontaneous ordering of the natural ... More


Hobbes and Individualism

Alan Ryan

in The Making of Modern Liberalism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148403
eISBN:
9781400841950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148403.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines Thomas Hobbes's individualism. It first considers Hobbes's epistemological antiauthoritarianism and individualism before discussing his theory of obligation and its moral basis. ... More


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