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The Age of Electricity

Vaclav Smil

in Creating the Twentieth Century: Technical Innovations of 1867-1914 and Their Lasting Impact

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195168747
eISBN:
9780199835522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168747.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

No other technical innovation had such a far-reaching impact on modern civilization as the creation of an admirably reliable system of electricity generation, transmission, and conversion. Thomas A. ... More


THE RECORDED VOICE FROM VICTORIAN AURA TO MODERNIST ECHO

John M. Picker

in Victorian Soundscapes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195151916
eISBN:
9780199787944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151916.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter argues that while moderns used the gramophone to represent their concerns over the disintegration of artistic “aura” in an age of mechanical reproduction, Victorians used the phonograph ... More


Two “Circles of Resonance”: Audience Uses of Recorded Music

William Howland Kenney

in Recorded Music in American Life: The Phonograph and Popular Memory, 1890-1945

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195171778
eISBN:
9780199849789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171778.003.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

Reimagining the historical influence of the phonograph and recorded music in American life this chapter begins with a reconsideration of Evan Eisenberg's description of domestic consumer phonograph ... More


Flickering Empire: How Chicago Invented the U.S. Film Industry

Michael Glover Smith and Adam Selzer

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231174497
eISBN:
9780231850797
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174497.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This book tells the fascinating yet little-known story of how Chicago served as the unlikely capital of American film production in the years before the rise of Hollywood (1907–1913). It straddles ... More


New Light

Michael Brian Schiffer

in Power Struggles: Scientific Authority and the Creation of Practical Electricity Before Edison

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195829
eISBN:
9780262283120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195829.003.0022
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter describes the invention of the electric bulb by Thomas Alva Edison. After the successful lighting project at Menlo Park, Edison also displayed a new invention, called a phonograph, which ... More


Engineering Invention: Frank J. Sprague and the U.S. Electrical Industry

Frederick Dalzell

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042567
eISBN:
9780262258708
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042567.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Over the course of a little less than twenty years, inventor Frank J. Sprague (1857–1934) achieved an astonishing series of technological breakthroughs—from pioneering work in self-governing motors ... More


Motion Pictures Begin

Ray Zone

in Stereoscopic Cinema & the Origins of 3-D Film, 1838–1952

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124612
eISBN:
9780813134796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124612.003.0004
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter discusses how motion pictures began and looks at inventions and contributions by important individuals to the development of motion pictures. It starts with an account of Eadwear ... More


Power Struggles: Scientific Authority and the Creation of Practical Electricity Before Edison

Michael Brian Schiffer

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195829
eISBN:
9780262283120
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195829.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In 1882, Thomas Edison and his Edison Electric Light Company unveiled the first large-scale electrical system in the world to light a stretch of offices in a city. This was a monumental achievement, ... More


Motive Powers and Mechanisms

Frederick Dalzell

in Engineering Invention: Frank J. Sprague and the U.S. Electrical Industry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042567
eISBN:
9780262258708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042567.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter examines the motivations and inspirations behind Frank Sprague's inventions. It provides information on Sprague's family and educational background, and highlights the influence of the ... More


Enter Edison

Michael Brian Schiffer

in Power Struggles: Scientific Authority and the Creation of Practical Electricity Before Edison

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262195829
eISBN:
9780262283120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262195829.003.0021
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter explains the background to the rise of the charismatic inventor and entrepreneur Thomas Alva Edison. Edison was born to humble origins and, because of the dwindling finances of his ... More


Edison’s Kinetoscope and Pre-Motion-Picture Entertainment

Michael Glover Smith and Adam Selzer

in Flickering Empire: How Chicago Invented the U.S. Film Industry

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231174497
eISBN:
9780231850797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174497.003.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter explores the role of Thomas Edison in the invention of the motion-picture camera and the establishment of Chicago's film industry. Although Chicago may not have been the center of the ... More


“His Master’s Voice”: The Victor Talking Machine Company and the Social Reconstruction of the Phonograph

William Howland Kenney

in Recorded Music in American Life: The Phonograph and Popular Memory, 1890-1945

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195171778
eISBN:
9780199849789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171778.003.0003
Subject:
Music, History, American

The history of the phonograph clearly demonstrates important ways in which economic and cultural forces have shaped technological inventions in the world. In 1877, Thomas Edison invented the first ... More


Deathwatch: American Film, Technology, and the End of Life

C. Scott Combs

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163477
eISBN:
9780231538039
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163477.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This book unpacks American cinema's long history of representing death and considers movie sequences in which the process of dying becomes an exercise in legibility and exploration for the camera. It ... More


The Dawn of Exhibition

Michael Glover Smith and Adam Selzer

in Flickering Empire: How Chicago Invented the U.S. Film Industry

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231174497
eISBN:
9780231850797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174497.003.0003
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter examines the contribution of film exhibitions to the development of Chicago's film industry. The origins of commercial film exhibition can he traced to April 1894, when the first of ... More


Novelties, Spectacles and the Documentary Impulse

Jeffrey Geiger

in American Documentary Film: Projecting the Nation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748621477
eISBN:
9780748670796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748621477.003.0002
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Chapter 1 looks at ‘authentic attractions’ and at phenomena that might be referred to as ‘documentary before documentary’. Though the documentary film had not yet formally come into being, one might ... More


Deadly Devices: Animals, Capital Punishment, and the Scope of Sovereignty

Kelly Oliver

in Technologies of Life and Death: From Cloning to Capital Punishment

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780823251087
eISBN:
9780823253036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251087.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Turning to capital punishment exercised on animals, along with Thomas Edison's experimentation on animals that led to the invention of the electric chair, I develop an alternative genealogy of man's ... More


Early Commercialization

John L. Neufeld

in Selling Power: Economics, Policy, and Electric Utilities Before 1940

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226399638
eISBN:
9780226399775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226399775.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The discoveries and inventions that preceded and accompanied the early commercialization of electricity are discussed, including the development of batteries and generators and both arc and ... More


Electricity, Water, and Final Touches, 1887

Thomas Graham

in Mr. Flagler's St. Augustine

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813049373
eISBN:
9780813050157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049373.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Flagler equipped his hotel with modern utilities. Thomas Edison provided the electrical plant to provide lighting for the Ponce de Leon. His assistant William J. Hammer installed the equipment and ... More


Epilogue

Michael Glover Smith and Adam Selzer

in Flickering Empire: How Chicago Invented the U.S. Film Industry

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231174497
eISBN:
9780231850797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174497.003.0014
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter discusses the later fortunes and careers of the major players in Chicago's original motion-picture scene. George Kleine went into semi-retirement after the outbreak of World War I, but ... More


The Columbian Exposition

Michael Glover Smith and Adam Selzer

in Flickering Empire: How Chicago Invented the U.S. Film Industry

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231174497
eISBN:
9780231850797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174497.003.0002
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter examines the influence of the Columbian Exposition of 1893 on Chicago's film industry. It is difficult today to impress upon people just how big the Columbian Exposition was. It covered ... More


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