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 Webb's Journey to Islam

Umar F. Abd‐Allah

in A Muslim in Victorian America: The Life of Alexander Russell Webb

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195187281
eISBN:
9780199784875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187288.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter chronicles Webb's conversion to Islam. It is shown that Webb's conversion was actually a series of conversions. First, he adopted materialism, which he rejected for Buddhism in search ... More


 Occult Chemistry, Instrumentation, and the Theosophical Science of Direct Perception

Mark S. Morrisson

in Modern Alchemy: Occultism and the Emergence of Atomic Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195306965
eISBN:
9780199785414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306965.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter discusses how the close relationship between Theosophical theories of matter and the new atomic science led Theosophists to launch a decades-long research program of “clairvoyant ... More


Modernity and the Discourse of Scientific Buddhism

David L. McMahan

in The Making of Buddhist Modernism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195183276
eISBN:
9780199870882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183276.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter shows, with attention to the social, political, and polemical contexts of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the ways Buddhists and Buddhist sympathizers attempted to align Buddhism ... More


Preexistence in the Modern Age

Terryl L. Givens

in When Souls Had Wings: Pre-Mortal Existence in Western Thought

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195313901
eISBN:
9780199871933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313901.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Some contemporary theologians have called for a return to Origen. Nicholas Berdyaev advocated the idea, but the Eastern Orthodox Church strenuously resists the idea, as does the Roman Catholic ... More


Medicine

Cathy Gutierrez

in Plato's Ghost: Spiritualism in the American Renaissance

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195388350
eISBN:
9780199866472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388350.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines Spiritualist writings about health and the body. For a movement that was otherworldly in its focus, Spiritualists were extremely interested in medicine and many, including ... More


Perennialism

Mark Sedgwick

in Against the Modern World: Traditionalism and the Secret Intellectual History of the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195152975
eISBN:
9780199835225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152972.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter goes back to the beginning. It covers Gu”non’s life from birth until 1908, and examines the nature and consequences of his involvement during the Belle Epoque with the Martinist Order ... More


The Theosophical Society

James A. Santucci

in Controversial New Religions

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195156829
eISBN:
9780199784806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515682X.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This essay examines the history and development of the Theosophical Society and its offshoots. The Theosophical Society was founded in New York City in 1875 by sixteen individuals with shared ... More


Modernism and Magic: Experiments with Spiritualism, Theosophy and the Occult

Leigh Wilson

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780748627691
eISBN:
9780748684441
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627691.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

While the engagement of modernist artists with the occult has been approached by critics as the result of a loss of faith in representation, as an attempt to draw on science as the primary discourse ... More


Scientology, a “New Age” Religion?

Andreas Grünschloß

in Scientology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331493
eISBN:
9780199852321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The “Church of Scientology” has gradually surfaced as the most hotly debated movement during the second half of the twentieth century, and it continued to stimulate ongoing discussions up to the ... More


Annie (Wood) Besant

Ellen Ross

in Slum Travelers: Ladies and London Poverty, 1860-1920

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520249059
eISBN:
9780520940055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520249059.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter focuses on the accounts of Annie (Wood) Besant. Annie Wood came from a comfortably well-to-do family. She was intelligent and well-educated. At the age of nineteen, she married Rev. ... More


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