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Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Allan Gotthelf

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199287956
eISBN:
9780191738296
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book — an interconnected set of sixteen chapters, four previously unpublished, addresses in parallel three main topics and Aristotle's three main biological treatises. Starting with a set of six ... More


Auto/biografiction: Counterfeit Lives: A Taxonomy of Displacements of Fiction towards Life‐Writing

Max Saunders

in Self Impression: Life-Writing, Autobiografiction, and the Forms of Modern Literature

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579761
eISBN:
9780191722882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579761.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter examines the converse displacement to that considered in Chapters 3 and Chapter 4, looking instead at cases where fiction‐writers colonize the forms of life‐writing, producing a variety ... More


Historiae I: Plantarum et Animalium

Allan Gotthelf

in Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199287956
eISBN:
9780191738296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Evident parallels between the aims, structure, and progression of Aristotle's History of Animals Book I and Theophrastus's History of Plants Book I invite a closer study of each, both separately and ... More


Prayer, Sacrifice, Festivals, Dedications, and Priests in ‘Service to the Gods’

Jon D. Mikalson

in Greek Popular Religion in Greek Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577835
eISBN:
9780191723063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577835.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

Most Greek philosophers accepted and even promoted prayer, sacrifice, festivals, and dedications, but with modifications and restrictions. The Socratic argument that prayers should be made only for ... More


On Talkativeness

Lieve Van Hoof

in Plutarch's Practical Ethics: The Social Dynamics of Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583263
eISBN:
9780191723131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583263.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter is concerned with On Talkativeness, a ‘psychotherapeutic’ work discussing speech, a central issue in elite culture in Plutarch's days. As opposed to earlier authors such as Theophrastus, ... More


The Platonic Origins Of Stoic Theology

Francesco Ademollo

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 43

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199666164
eISBN:
9780191751936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666164.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This article investigates what the Stoic doctrine of the two principles, God and matter, owes to Plato. It engages with recent scholarly views to the effect that the Stoics were influenced by Old ... More


Cicero and Dicaearchus

Sean Mcconnell

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy: Volume XLII

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199644384
eISBN:
9780191743344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644384.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Cicero's general interest in Dicaearchus' ethical and political thought can be detected in his letters to Atticus and De legibus. At present, however, we do not possess a clear and detailed picture ... More


Historical Background to the Interpretation of Aristotle's Teleology

Monte Ransome Johnson

in Aristotle on Teleology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199285303
eISBN:
9780191603143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285306.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

According to the standard history, Aristotelian teleology and final causes were discarded in the scientific revolution in favor of the mechanical philosophy. In fact, the term teleology was invented ... More


Jewish Anti-Christian Arguments as a Source of Irreligion from the Seventeenth to the Early Nineteenth Century

Richard H. Popkin

in Atheism from the Reformation to the Enlightenment

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198227366
eISBN:
9780191678684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227366.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, History of Religion

This chapter examines an important source of anti-Christian ideas on the circulation of Jewish polemics against Christianity during the early nineteenth century. Christian intellectuals generally ... More


Theophrastus and the Stoics: Forcing the Issue

Julia Annas

in The Morality of Happiness

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195096521
eISBN:
9780199833061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195096525.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle's pupil Theophrastus sharpened the claim that happiness requires external goods as well as virtue, a claim prominently denied by the Stoics. Their position that virtue is sufficient for ... More


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