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Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Lawrence Mills

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Protecting Free Trade is the story of a paradox that both limited and stimulated Hong Kong’s post-war economy. In order to preserve its access to open markets, Hong Kong was obligated by ... More


Making It Work

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Hong Kong enjoyed its greatest success with the implementation of the restraint agreements described in preceding chapters, and by maximising the opportunities within them. This chapter examines how ... More


Home Front: North Carolina during World War II

Julian M. Pleasants

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813054254
eISBN:
9780813053028
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054254.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Home Front tells about the extraordinary transformation of North Carolina as a result of World War II. Emphasis is on the large number of military bases; selective service; rationing and the sale of ... More


The Regulation of International Trade: The WTO Agreements on Trade in Goods

Petros C. Mavroidis

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262029995
eISBN:
9780262333719
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029995.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) has extended its institutional arsenal since the Kennedy round in the early 1960s. The current institutional design is the outcome of the Uruguay ... More


Power of Objects in Eighteenth-Century British America

Jennifer Van Horn

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469629568
eISBN:
9781469629582
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469629568.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

Over the course of the eighteenth century, Anglo-Americans purchased an unprecedented number and array of goods. This book investigates these diverse artifacts—from portraits and city views to ... More


The Gatt: The First Piece of Paper

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter discusses the establishment of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1947 and its impact on Hong Kong. The chapter explains how, under the GATT framework, Hong Kong ... More


Commonwealth Preference: The Third Piece of Paper

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Commonwealth preference was a system of trade co-operation giving varying degrees of preference to products from members of the British Commonwealth. As a British colony, Hong Kong was eligible for ... More


The Arrangement that Lived Up to Its Name

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter describes some of the international trade negotiations in which the author participated, particularly in Europe and the USA. It explains how increasingly the USA sought to impose ... More


The Multi-Fibre Arrangement: The Fifth Piece of Paper

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines Hong Kong’s participation in the Multi-Fibre Arrangement, a system under the auspices of the GATT originating in the early 1970s. Originally intended to be merely temporary, the ... More


Renewing the MFA, Again and Again

Lawrence W. R. Mills

in Protecting Free Trade: The Hong Kong Paradox, 1947–97

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789888083985
eISBN:
9789882209084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083985.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines repeated renewals and extensions of the Multi-Fibre Arrangement – a system that was originally intended to be only temporary. The author describes his experiences as Hong Kong’s ... More


“Gun Cotton”: Southern Industrialists, International Trade, and the Republican Party in the 1950s

Katherine Rye Jewell

in Painting Dixie Red: When, Where, Why, and How the South Became Republican

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813036847
eISBN:
9780813043999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813036847.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter argues that changes in foreign trade during the 1950s pushed conservative southern industrialists (traditionally Democrats) into close cooperation with northern Republicans increasingly ... More


Apparel Retailing in the United States: From Mom-and-Pop Shop to Transnational Corporation

Ellen Israel Rosen

in Making Sweatshops: The Globalization of the U.S. Apparel Industry

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233362
eISBN:
9780520928572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233362.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter reviews the history of the U.S. retail industry and the role it played in the U.S. textile and apparel trade agenda. It also explains the links between the industry's corporate growth in ... More


Finally Free Trade: The Future of the Global Apparel Industry

Ellen Israel Rosen

in Making Sweatshops: The Globalization of the U.S. Apparel Industry

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233362
eISBN:
9780520928572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233362.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter demonstrates that the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC) renewed the threat of low-wage competition by Asian firms. It is also shown that the China is a major competitor to the ... More


Mandatory Abolition of Anti-dumping, Countervailing Duties and Safeguards in Customs Unions and Free Trade Areas Constituted between WTO Members: Revisiting a Long-standing Discussion in Light of the Appellate Body’s Turkey—Textiles Ruling

Angela T. Gobbi Estrella and Gary N. Horlick

in Regional Trade Agreements and the WTO Legal System

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199206995
eISBN:
9780191695674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206995.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the ruling of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Appellate Body on the Turkey-Textiles case concerning import restrictions on imports textile and clothing products. It suggests ... More


Agreement on Textiles and Clothing

Petros C. Mavroidis

in The Regulation of International Trade: The WTO Agreements on Trade in Goods

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262029995
eISBN:
9780262333719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029995.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter focuses on the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing, the second sector-specific agreement that remained outside the GATT and was introduced to the WTO discipline following the end of the ... More


Consumption of Commodities

Jessica Yirush Stern

in Lives in Objects: Native Americans, British Colonists, and Cultures of Labor and Exchange in the Southeast

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469631486
eISBN:
9781469631509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469631486.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

Purchasers have total control over how they consume commodities. The British did not attempt to control the consumption habits of their Native American trade partners, nor the Native Americans ... More


Arsenal of Democracy: The Economic Impact of the War

Julian M. Pleasants (ed.)

in Home Front: North Carolina during World War II

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813054254
eISBN:
9780813053028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054254.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The state made major contributions to the war effort through its textiles industries—blankets, uniforms, socks, tents, etc., and a large increase in farm products. The shipbuilding industry was ... More


Prisoners of War in the Old North State

Julian M. Pleasants (ed.)

in Home Front: North Carolina during World War II

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813054254
eISBN:
9780813053028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054254.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

North Carolina hosted some 3,000 Italian and 10,000 German POWs in the state. There were eighteen camps for Germans, where the men worked at farming, textiles, lumber, tobacco, and saw mills. Taking ... More


Pressure from Without: African Americans, British Public Opinion, and Civil War Diplomacy

R. J. M. Blackett

in The Union, the Confederacy, and the Atlantic Rim

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780813049229
eISBN:
9780813050058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049229.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter by R. J. M. Blackett represents the new social history, with its insistence that scholars study the past from the “bottom up.” Author R. J. M. Blackett considers the story of former ... More


Design for ageing well

Jane McCann and Tracey Williamson

in The New Dynamics of Ageing Volume 1

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781447314721
eISBN:
9781447314745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447314721.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

This chapter discusses the collaborative research project ‘Design for Ageing that brought together stakeholders from academia and industry, to engage with active ageing participants in the co-design ... More


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