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Increased Income Inequality in OECD Countries and the Redistributive Impact of the Government Budget

Anthony B. Atkinson

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The recent rise in inequality in the distribution of disposable income in many, although not all, countries has led to a search for explanations, particularly since for much of the postwar period ... More


Absolutism and Transformation in England

Marc Mulholland

in Bourgeois Liberty and the Politics of Fear: From Absolutism to Neo-Conservatism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199653577
eISBN:
9780191744594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653577.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Ideas

This chapter discusses the relationship, in historical and theoretical terms, between capitalism and the state, and between the tax-state and early modern absolutism. The case study of British ... More


Economic Policy

Wilson Wong and Raymond Yuen

in Contemporary Hong Kong Government and Politics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9789888139477
eISBN:
9789882208681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139477.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter examines two aspects of economic policy: fiscal policy and industrial policy. The findings reject the “market economy” image of Hong Kong, and show that political considerations often ... More


A “Horse and Buggy” Statute: 1952–1961

Michael Littlewood

in Taxation Without Representation: The History of Hong Kong's Troublingly Successful Tax System

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622090996
eISBN:
9789882207455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622090996.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines Sir Arthur Clarke's term as Financial Secretary and the works of the First Review Committee. Clarke had arrived in the Colony in 1930 and served as Commissioner of War Taxation ... More


The Ukcs Fiscal Regime

Emre Üşenmez

in Oil and Gas Law: Current Practice & Emerging Trends

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781845861018
eISBN:
9781474406239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781845861018.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This Chapter considers the fiscal regime applying to operations on the UK Continental Shelf, with a particular focus on those elements of taxation that are specific to the oil and gas industry. The ... More


Taxation, Regulation, and the Rational Politician

Yue Chim Richard Wong

in Diversity and Occasional Anarchy: On Deep Economic and Social Contradictions in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9789888139446
eISBN:
9789888180349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139446.003.0014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

Governments usually intervene through taxation or regulation to manipulate market decisions as well as their outcomes. This chapter guides readers into thinking about the extent to which regulations ... More


We Are Taxpaying Citizens: Separate and Color-Blind

Camille Walsh

in Racial Taxation: Schools, Segregation, and Taxpayer Citizenship, 1869-1973

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781469638942
eISBN:
9781469638959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469638942.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

Chapter Three shifts to state and local court cases in the early 20th century, many of which highlight the different unequal tax structures imposed in mandatory segregation states in the South. ... More


Nine: Union in the balance, union accomplished

Christopher A. Whatley

in The Scots and the Union

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748616855
eISBN:
9780748672271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748616855.003.0011
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter considers the immediate impact of the Union, and its failure to deliver what was promised. The nature of post-Union patriotism and anti-Unionism are explored. The basis of support in ... More


Tax Systems

Joel Slemrod and Christian Gillitzer

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262026727
eISBN:
9780262319003
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026727.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Despite its theoretical elegance and the substantial insights it has provided, the standard optimal tax model has significant limitations. This book argues that tax analysis must move beyond the ... More


Taxation and Regulation of the Financial Sector

Ruud de Mooij and Nicodème Gaëtan

in Taxation and Regulation of the Financial Sector

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027977
eISBN:
9780262321099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027977.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The financial crisis has triggered new debates on regulation and taxation of the financial sector. Economists and policy makers were challenged to understand the sequence of events and the complex ... More


Wealth and Policy: Where Do We Go From Here?

John Hills and Howard Glennerster

in Wealth in the UK: Distribution, Accumulation, and Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199678303
eISBN:
9780191757594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678303.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

In the final chapter we draw out some of the implications of the picture we paint in the rest of the book for the current – and possible future – policy debate. Wealth is large, very unequally ... More


Taxation and Regulation of the Financial Sector

Ruud de Mooij and Gaëtan Nicodème (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027977
eISBN:
9780262321099
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027977.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The financial crisis has revealed many problems in the transparency and functioning of the financial sector. New debates on regulation and taxation of the financial sector have emerged as economists ... More


Time-Consistent Climate Policies

Maria Elisa Belfiori

in Political Economy and Instruments of Environmental Politics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029247
eISBN:
9780262329736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029247.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The paper studies the optimal taxation of carbon emissions in a model with hyperbolic discounting. The social discount rate varies over time and a problem of time inconsistency arises. It is shown ... More


Rethinking Public Expenditure from a Social Democratic Perspective

David Heald

in The Crisis of Social Democracy in Europe

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780748665822
eISBN:
9780748693863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748665822.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter examines social democratic policies on public expenditure, disentangling the various purposes and instruments. High public spending is not in itself a sign of social democracy and the ... More


Getting Farmers—and Tourists—“Out of the Mud”: Alabama's Nineteenth-Century Experience with Public Projects and Its Response to the Federal Road Aid Acts of 1916 and 1921

Martin T. Olliff

in Nation within a Nation: The American South and the Federal Government

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780813049878
eISBN:
9780813050348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049878.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Martin T. Olliff informs us that, like the epic railroad construction of the nineteenth century, a system of roads and highways that were sturdy enough to serve heavy automobile and truck traffic ... More


Land: housing and urban densities

Tony Fitzpatrick

in Climate change and poverty: A new agenda for developed nations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781447300878
eISBN:
9781447311744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300878.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter discusses land, focusing upon housing markets and urban densities. It argues that housing-related poverty has risen due to a property boom, the decline in social housing and a shift in ... More


The Need for Tax-System Analysis

Joel Slemrod and Christian Gillitzer

in Tax Systems

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262026727
eISBN:
9780262319003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026727.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter motivates the topic of tax systems by discussing several tax phenomena that standard models of taxation cannot explain, and then generalizes the insights gained to characterize the ... More


Financial Activities Taxes, Bank Levies, and Systemic Risk

Giuseppina Cannas, Jessica Cariboni, Massimo Marchesi, Gaëtan Nicodème, Marco Petracco Giudici, and Stefano Zedda

in Taxation and Regulation of the Financial Sector

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027977
eISBN:
9780262321099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027977.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The question of additional taxes on banking institutions has recently been debated. At the same time, financial regulation in the banking sector is undergoing many changes aimed at strengthening ... More


Financial Contributions

Atle L. Wold

in Scotland and the French Revolutionary War, 1792-1802

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781474403313
eISBN:
9781474415965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474403313.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

What did Scotland contribute in terms of financial support for the war effort, and did the Scots pay their ‘fair share’ of taxes in the 1790s? This chapter addresses the question of Scotland’s ... More


The economy

Paul Huddie

in The Crimean War and Irish Society

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781781382547
eISBN:
9781786945464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781382547.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter will show that the Russian conflict was a distinct period in Ireland’s economic history, being a catalyst for Ireland’s post-Famine agricultural recovery. It will be shown that this was ... More


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